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2,292 Possible Causes for Myopia

  • Endocrine Dysfunction

    Other conditions, such as scoliosis, hyperopia/myopia, and cryptorchidism, should be treated if present.[academic.oup.com] […] by the age of 15 yr Fairer eyes, skin, and hair than expected Smaller hands and feet than expected for height and age Narrow hands with straight ulnar border Esotropia or myopia[academic.oup.com]

  • Homocystinuria

    Homocystinuria due to cystathionine-β-synthase deficiency (CBS deficiency) usually presents with ectopia lentis, myopia, intellectual disability, skeletal anomalies resembling[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Eye anomalies include ectopia lentis (85% of the cases), with high myopia.[orpha.net] Testing for homocystinuria can include: Cyanide-nitroprusside test Serum and urine amino acid screening Plasma levels of free methionine Ophthalmological exam for myopia,[dermnetnz.org]

  • Stickler Syndrome

    In the third family, all patients had a marfanoid habitus, high myopia, and mental retardation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most frequent diagnosis in patients with syndromic Pierre Robin sequence is Stickler syndrome, which may be complicated by congenital high myopia and substantial risk[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The ocular abnormalities included: severe myopia, abnormalities of the vitreous, and high risk of retinal detachment (with subsequent blindness).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Retinopathy of Prematurity

    All the babies in both groups had progressive myopia till 2 years follow-up; laser group had less myopia than LSV group till 1 year, thereafter, there was no difference in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We found myopia in our cohort to be lenticular and greater axial length contributing to the development of high myopia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The incidence of myopia increased and that of hyperopia reduced in children over age.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Kniest Dysplasia

    All of the patients had congenital severe myopia and vitreoretinal degeneration. Four patients developed rhegmatogenous retinal detachments.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tests will be performed in order to evaluate the presence of myopia, which is usually high, with a mean of -11 diopters.[symptoma.com] […] describe two unrelated children with Kniest dysplasia, a severe autosomal dominant form of chondrodysplastic dwarfism associated with cleft palate, progressive arthropathy, myopia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Down Syndrome

    Group 3 had significantly stronger myopia than did groups 1 and 2.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This may be due to myopia (near-sightedness), hyperopia (far-sightedness), and/or astigmatism.[aapos.org]

  • Marfan Syndrome

    The emergence of additional clinical signs (marfanoid habitus, severe myopia and dilatation of the aortic bulb) lead to consider the diagnosis of the progeroid variant of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two patients had simultaneously ectopia lentis and myopia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (MFS) is diagnosed based on Ghent nosology, including major and minor criteria such as increased axial length (AXL) and flattened corneal curvature (higher K-values) or myopia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

    Side effects occur infrequently, but myopia, ear barotrauma, and rarely oxygen toxicity have been reported.[dovepress.com] Some patients may also experience visual changes causing nearsightedness (myopia); this is usually temporary and disappears within one or two months of finishing therapy.[virginiahospitalcenter.com] Possible side effects for HBOT use include ear popping, claustrophobia, mild sinus discomfort, brief lasting short-sightedness called myopia, and in rare cases pulmonary oxygen[thetruthaboutcancer.com]

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    Compared to WWS patients, these patients have milder structural brain abnormalities, and eye abnormalities were absent, except for myopia in some cases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Individuals with FCMD also have eye (ocular) abnormalities such as crossed eyes (strabismus), cataracts, nearsightedness (myopia), abnormal eye movements, and, in severe cases[rarediseases.org] Eye abnormalities occur in approximately 60% to 70% of patients withFukuyama MD but are rarely severe, myopia being the most frequent abnormality.[healio.com]

  • Spondylometaphyseal Dysplasia

    Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, Schmidt type is characterized by short stature, myopia, ,small pelvis, progressive kypho-scoliosis, wrist deformity, severe genu valgum, short[monarchinitiative.org] Type Desbuquois dysplasia diastrophic dysplasia Dyschondrosteosis and Nephritis Eiken Skeletal Dysplasia Ellis-Van Creveld syndrome Epiphyseal Dysplasia of Femoral Head, Myopia[rgd.mcw.edu] Orpha Number: 93316 Disease definition Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, Schmidt type is characterized by short stature , myopia, ,small pelvis, progressive kypho- scoliosis[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

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