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104 Possible Causes for Myopia, Spontaneous Rupture of Membranes

  • Ehlers Danlos Syndrome

    Problems during delivery Due to the fragility of connective tissue, those with EDS are more prone to prelabour spontaneous rupture of membranes (SROM), including preterm SROM[patient.info] We report a 6-week-old white boy of nonconsanguineous parents who presented with bluish scleral discoloration, thin corneas, and progressive high myopia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] IV-2 had myopia corrected with glasses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Marfan Syndrome

    […] experience a higher rate of preterm deliveries, premature rupture of membranes, and increased mortality of their offspring. 69 , 70 Dural ectasia should be considered in[pediatrics.aappublications.org] The emergence of additional clinical signs (marfanoid habitus, severe myopia and dilatation of the aortic bulb) lead to consider the diagnosis of the progeroid variant of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] do not have Marfan syndrome They may have long, thin fingers and long arms and legs They may have a dislocation of the lens in the eye that also causes nearsightedness or myopia[web.archive.org]

  • Myopic Macular Degeneration

    LACQUER CRACKS : Lacquer cracks are spontaneous ruptures of the elastic lamina of Bruch’s membrane that appear yellowish-white and are usually located in the posterior pole[optometrystudents.com] Methods: Prospective, clinic-based case series of 62 eyes of 41 patients with high myopia ( -6 diopters or axial length 26.5 mm).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Our downloadable factsheet has more information about myopia and pathological myopia: You can also download our full guide on myopia and pathological myopia as a Word document[rnib.org.uk]

  • Keratoglobus

    Spontaneous rupture/tear of Descemet's membrane Acute hydrops Scarring or neovascularization of the stroma Symptoms Decreased visual acuity Suboptimal visual acuity with[eyewiki.aao.org] Keratoglobus is a rare condition of bilateral corneal ectasia, which results in high myopia, irregular astigmatism, scarring, and rarely spontaneous globe rupture.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We reported two patients with high myopia and one patient with keratoglobus in our cohort.[unboundmedicine.com]

  • Retinopathy of Prematurity

    […] birth, or preterm premature rupture of the membranes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All the babies in both groups had progressive myopia till 2 years follow-up; laser group had less myopia than LSV group till 1 year, thereafter, there was no difference in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We found myopia in our cohort to be lenticular and greater axial length contributing to the development of high myopia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Down Syndrome

    Premature rupture of membranes and spontaneous preterm labor: maternal endometritis risks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Nystagmus was related to myopia and esotropia, and to heart disease and heart operations.[oadoi.org] Group 3 had significantly stronger myopia than did groups 1 and 2.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypermobility Syndrome

    rupture of blood vessels Mitral valve regurgitation (blood flowing back into the heart) Uterine or arterial rupture during pregnancy Premature membrane rupture during pregnancy[dovemed.com] Ptosis, myopia, or antimongoloid slant. Varicose veins, hernia, or uterine or rectal prolapse.[rheumatologyadvisor.com] JHS patients may have cross-eyes and myopia, even early in life. Occasionally patients may have Xerophthalmia and Xerostomia.[reumatologia-dr-bravo.cl]

  • Corneal Ectasia

    Acute corneal hydrops, resulting from spontaneous rupture of Descemet's membrane, is a rare complication of advanced ectasia, occurring in 3% of keratoconic eyes. 9 Recently[pediatrics.aappublications.org] This article is the first case report of a bilateral corneal ectasia after PRK for low myopia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There may be a risk of corneal ectasia after LASIK in cases of myopia of less than -12.0 D.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Foveal Retinoschisis

    Similarly, another recent study suggested that rupture of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) reduces traction and leads to resolution of schisis and foveal detachment [[bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com] Macular retinoschisis with stellate foveal appearance may rarely be associated with pathologic myopia.[moh-it.pure.elsevier.com] DISCUSSION To the best of our knowledge this is the first report of unilateral macular retinoschisis with stellate foveal appearance in myopia.[healio.com]

  • Degenerative Myopia

    LACQUER CRACKS : Lacquer cracks are spontaneous ruptures of the elastic lamina of Bruch’s membrane that appear yellowish-white and are usually located in the posterior pole[optometrystudents.com] Our downloadable factsheet has more information about myopia and pathological myopia: You can also download our full guide on myopia and pathological myopia as a Word document[rnib.org.uk] […] subretinal haemorrhages, and macular choroidal neovascularisation (CNV). 2, 12, 13 Lacquer cracks are formed by ruptures in Bruch’s membrane, in which small haemorrhages[bjo.bmj.com]

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