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12 Possible Causes for Nasopharyngeal Obstruction, Thickening of the Mitral Valve Leaflets

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis

    RATIONALE: Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI) or Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome is produced by the deficiency of the enzyme arylsulfatase B, responsible for the hydrolysis of N-acetyl-D-galactosamine, chondroitin sulfate, and dermatan sulfate. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 3-year-old male with Moroccan origins is the index[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis 1 H-S

    Progressive thickening and stiffening of the valve leaflets can lead to mitral and aortic regurgitation, which may become hemodynamically significant in the later stages of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congenital Mitral Stenosis

    See also mitral commissurotomy. nasopharyngeal stenosis an acquired disorder in cats, usually following chronic upper respiratory infection, which causes upper airway obstruction[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Definition (CSP) rheumatic disease causing diffuse thickening of the mitral valve leaflets by fibrous tissue or calcific deposits.[fpnotebook.com] Note the thickened valve leaflets with a small opening orifice. The left atrium is dilated due to the mitral stenosis. 2 Fig 35 A B LV LA C A.[slideplayer.com]

  • Central Sleep Apnea

    -Nasal: septoplasty, rhinoplasty -Nasopharyngeal: UPPP, palatal advancement, tonsillectomy in children (may be curative, palatal implants -Hypopharyngeal: tongue reduction[quizlet.com] Two dimensional echocardiography revealed a thickened mitral valve (0.8 cm) and a flail anterior mitral leaflet.[thorax.bmj.com] , hyoid suspicion, mandibular advancement -Laryngeal: epiglottoplasty -If the patient has severe craniofacial abnormalities or obstructing tonsillar hypertrophy then refer[quizlet.com]

  • Idiopathic Neonatal Atrial Flutter

    In addition, upper airway obstruction resulting from a range of pathologies, including tracheal stenosis and nasopharyngeal, oropharyngeal and subglottic compromise, is a[err.ersjournals.com] Persistent mitral regurgitation leads to thickening of the mitral valve leaflets, and, at times, it is difficult to distinguish this thickening from other causes of mitral[transplantbuddies.org] The cardiac valves are intrinsically normal, although the mitral and tricuspid valve rings are dilated and the valve leaflets do not appose each other in systole, giving rise[transplantbuddies.org]

  • Rheumatic Aortic Valve Obstruction

    See also mitral commissurotomy . nasopharyngeal stenosis an acquired disorder in cats, usually following chronic upper respiratory infection, which causes upper airway obstruction[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] On two-dimensional echocardiography, rheumatic aortic valve stenosis is characterized by commissural fusion and thickening along leaflet edges.[wikiecho.org] These patients also have some degree of aortic regurgitation and rheumatic damage to the mitral valve [Video 6, Figure 3].[wikiecho.org]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis 4A

    In MPS, intra anesthetic obstruction at nasopharyngeal, oropharyngeal, laryngeal and subglottic levels may occur due to several factors, likea large tongue, tonsillar hypertrophy[ijaweb.org] Valvular involvement, with thickening and stiffening of the valve leaflets, commonly leads to mitral and aortic regurgitation and/or stenosis [ 24 ].[link.springer.com] However Diaz and Belani state that nasopharyngeal airways, LMAs and oral airways are controversial airway maintenance aids in MPS cases and should be available but avoided[ijaweb.org]

  • Thickened Earlobes-Conductive Deafness Syndrome

    Middle ear involvement is typically secondary to eustachian tube obstruction from nasopharyngeal involvement.[emedicine.medscape.com] PATHOLOGY of DISEASE: Septal region of left ventricle is thickened ------ Left Ventricular Hypertrophy. During systole, anterior leaflet of mitral valve is abnormal.[kumc.edu] Nasal Papillomas Nasal Polyp Nasal Septal Perforation Nasopharyngitis Neck Cancer Neck Mass Neck Pain Neck Tumor Nodule Nose Cancer Nose Disorders Nose Injuries Nose Polyposis[trading24.pro]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis 1

    obstruction, and supraglottic narrowing [ 31 ].[ijponline.biomedcentral.com] Progressive thickening and stiffening of the valve leaflets can lead to mitral and aortic regurgitation, which may become hemodynamically significant in the later stages of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] obstruction after extubation.[link.springer.com]

  • Uvula Abnormal

    Van Duyne J, Coleman JA Jr: Treatment of nasopharyngeal inlet stenosis following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty with the CO 2 laser. Laryngoscope 1995;105:914–918.[karger.com] Short thickened chordae tendinae with direct insertion of posterior mitral valve leaflet into papillary muscle. C. Thickened dysplastic mitral valve with stenosis.[bmcmedgenet.biomedcentral.com] Editorial First Online: 06 October 2015 Abstract A common surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP).[link.springer.com]

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