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337 Possible Causes for Neck Stiffness, Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    stiffness can increase the likelihood of SAH.[] Hydrocephalus-cont. • Chronic hydrocephalus may develop weeks to months after SAH and present as normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) manifested by gait difficulty, incontinence[] His physical examination was normal aside from mild neck stiffness.[]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Absence of neck stiffness did not rule out CABM and special attention should be given to patients with pneumonia and the elderly.[] Pain and stiffness then start developing in the neck and the back.[] Fever was the most common presenting sign/symptom, observed in 8 patients, followed by otalgia, neck stiffness, headache, and confusion.[]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    Bacterial meningitis commonly presents with symptoms such as headache, impaired consciousness, neck stiffness, and fever.[] Neck stiffness is usually seen in a majority of the adults but may be present in only 30% of the children.[] Clinical manifestations include fever; headache; neck stiffness; and somnolence followed by seizures; focal neurologic deficits (notably deafness); and coma.[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    The clinical triad: fever, headache and neck stiffness was observed in 89% of the patients.[] The prevalence of the classical triad of fever, neck stiffness, and change in mental status was low (70/258, 27%).[] Meningococcal meningitis may be indistinguishable from other bacterial meningitides, although the classic triad of fever, neck stiffness, and change in mental status is significantly[]

  • Meningeal Tuberculosis

    A sudden decrease in visual acuity with papilledema, bilateral sixth nerve palsies, and neck stiffness developed.[] A spinal tap may also be done to establish the diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus.[] Most common clinical manifestations are fever, headache, vomiting and neck stiffness. Cranial nerve palsies of 3 rd, 4 th and 6 th nerves may be seen.[]

  • Cryptococcal Meningitis

    Clinical presentation typically includes fever, headache, photophobia, neck stiffness, and/or altered mental status. Unusual presentations may delay diagnosis.[] In this case, initial head CT scan was normal but unusually high protein level in CSF prompted a repeat CT scan 5 days later that showed noncommunicating hydrocephalus.[] An 8-year-old previously healthy female presented with a 3 weeks history of headache, neck stiffness, deafness, fever and vomiting and was diagnosed with cryptococcal meningitis[]

  • Listerial Meningitis

    After 5 days, he developed an impaired consciousness, headache, and neck stiffness.[] On admission she had a stiff neck with a GCS of 9.[] On admission he had neck stiffness and a GCS of 11.[]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    In older children and adults symptoms of meningitis include: headache fever vomiting neck stiffness and joint pains drowsiness or confusion discomfort on looking at bright[] GP expert opinion said The absence of neck stiffness in a young child does not rule out meningitis The GP had not appreciated the extent to which the child was genuinely ill[] Older children with meningitis typically have neck stiffness and sensitivity to light.[]

  • Staphylococcus Aureus Meningitis

    stiffness is more obvious than general meningitis, except for meningeal In addition to symptoms of inflammation, there are localized lesions, sepsis patients may also have[] She had neck stiffness with right-sided hemiparesis with left-sided upper motor neuron facial nerve palsy and bladder incontinence.[] It must be considered in any patient presenting with fever, headache, or neck stiffness.[]

  • Leptospiral Meningitis

    Four patients with suspected meningitis (57%) had cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis indicative of leptospiral meningitis and presented with headache, fever and neck stiffness[] stiffness and analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) established the diagnosis of aseptic meningitis.[] Meningoencephalitis: 3 Intracerebral bleed: 2 Cerebellar dysfunction: 2 Iridocyclitis: 2 Tremor/rigidity: 1 In 13 patients, the initial manifestations were fever, headache, and neck[]

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