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1,750 Possible Causes for Nephrolithiasis

  • Urinary Tract Infection

    Acute confusion is a common symptom of physical illness in the older patient. In the majority, it is transient and resolves on treatment of precipitants. In a subset of patients, however, neurological decline is progressive, raising concern about a serious underlying cause. We describe the case of a 71-year-old woman[…][]

  • Appendicitis

    The differential diagnosis of appendicitis in children includes intussusception, Meckel’s diverticulum, gastroenteritis, constipation, mesenteric adenitis, pyelonephritis, nephrolithiasis[] […] that completely rules out appendicitis Urinalysis with pyuria or hematuria can be appendicitis due to an inflamed appendix next to the bladder and hematuria may represent nephrolithiasis[]

  • Medullary Sponge Kidney

    The frequency of medullary sponge kidney was 12% in patients with nephrolithiasis compared with 1% in patients without nephrolithiasis.[] Many patients with MSK have no evidence of nephrolithiasis.[] Whether specific metabolic abnormalities are related to nephrolithiasis in patients with medullary sponge kidney (MSK) remains a debated issue.[]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    B1 heterozygosity should be considered in patients with calcium nephrolithiasis and urinary abnormalities such as alkalinuria or hypocitraturia.[] She had recurrent nephrolithiasis and had operated because of hydronephrosis. She had two episodes of fatigue and walking disability previously.[] The most important consequence of dRTA is (recurrent) nephrolithiasis. The diagnosis is based on a urinary acidification test.[]

  • Hypercalcemia

    Mutations of the CYP24A1 gene, encoding for the enzyme 25(OH)D-24-hydroxylase, can cause hypercalcemia, hypercalciuria, nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis.[] We herein present a case of relapsed sarcoidosis with a deteriorated renal function accompanied by hypercalcemia, nephrolithiasis, and a ureteral stone in a woman with a history[] Hypercalcemia can result in nephrocalcinosis/nephrolithiasis and may lead to renal failure.[]

  • Nephrocalcinosis

    Nephrolithiasis is a prevalent condition that affects 10%-15% of adults in their lifetime.[] Nephrolithiasis is a prevalent condition with a high morbidity.[] Diagnosis and management of pediatric nephrolithiasis/nephrocalcinosis is a very complex and challenging task for every pediatrician.[]

  • Nephrolithiasis

    Nephrolithiasis is a disease common in both the Western and non-Western world.[] As patients with diabetes have increased risk of chronic kidney disease and nephrolithiasis can cause kidney injury, risk factors for nephrolithiasis should be identified[] Nephrolithiasis is a common affliction, affecting approximately 10% of adults.[]

  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    It is not uncommon, patient with parathyroid adenoma come to health care professionals with the chief complain of recurrence nephrolithiasis.[] Although primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is asymptomatic in most patients, its main clinical manifestation is nephrolithiasis.[] Maternal symptoms include: hyperemesis, muscle weakness, pancreatitis, nephrolithiasis, bone disease, mental status changes, and hypercalcaemic crisis.[]

  • Renal Tuberculosis

    Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGPN) is a chronic renal infection typically associated with nephrolithiasis and a non-functioning kidney.[] Three other major complications of renal tuberculosis: hypertension (RAS axis mediated) super-infection (12 to 50%) nephrolithiasis (7 to 18%) In 1940, Nesbit and Ratliff[]

  • Primary Hyperoxaluria

    Patients typically present with recurrent nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis.[] Genetic causes of nephrolithiasis are underestimated.[] Percutaneous nephrolithotomy was performed for nephrolithiasis when he was 16 years of age.[]

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