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1,484 Possible Causes for Nocturnal Leg Cramp, Non Specific ST-T Changes, Potassium Decreased

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    The concept of "structural plasticity" has emerged as a potential mechanism in neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases such as drug abuse, depression, and dementia. Chronic alcoholism is a progressive neurodegenerative disease while the person continues to abuse alcohol, though clinical and imaging studies show[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypokalemia

    New data make clear that feedforward homeostatic responses activate when decreased potassium intake is sensed, even when plasma potassium concentration is still within the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] What Makes the Potassium Level Decrease?[merckmanuals.com] […] normal range and before frank hypokalemia ensues, in addition to the classic feedback activation of renal potassium conservation when plasma potassium concentration decreases[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    A lack of magnesium inhibits reuptake of potassium, causing a decrease in intracellular potassium. This decrease in intracellular potassium results in a tachycardia.[en.wikipedia.org] .  Changes in electrocardiogram are non specific like prolongation of conduction and slight ST depression, Nonspecific T-wave changes, U waves may b seen, Prolonged QT and[slideshare.net] Some non-specific changes in the ECG also suggests probability of magnesium deficiency, including ST segment depression, peaked T waves, PR prolongation and broad QRS segment[symptoma.com]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    The treatment for CKD and ESRD includes: Diet changes You should decrease the fat, salt, protein, and potassium in your diet.[healthline.com] Hyperkalemia usually does not develop until the GFR falls to less than 20-25 mL/min/1.73 m², at which point the kidneys have decreased ability to excrete potassium.[emedicine.medscape.com] The ability to concentrate urine declines early and is followed by decreases in ability to excrete excess phosphate, acid, and potassium.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Hyperthyroidism

    Intravenous potassium infusion (20 mEq/L) with normal saline was prescribed for the patient. After treatment, the patient felt a decrease in limb weakness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Preoperative potassium iodide, saturated solution of potassium iodide (SSKI) or inorganic iodine, should be used before surgery in most patients with GD.[doi.org] This treatment is beneficial as it decreases thyroid blood flow, vascularity, and intraoperative blood loss during thyroidectomy ( 118, 119 ).[doi.org]

  • Graves Disease

    CONCLUSION: Potassium iodide administration decreases gland vascularity, but does not change the overall difficulty of thyroidectomy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In symptomatic patients, nonselective β-adrenergic blockers such as propranolol can decrease sympathetic hyperactivity.[pediatrics.aappublications.org] According to the Thyroidectomy Difficulty Scale, gland vascularity decreased in the potassium iodide group (mean score 2.6 vs 3.3, P   .04), but there were no differences[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypocalcemia

    […] to hypoxia and/or acidosis Cell destruction - crushing injuries, burns and hemolysis Inadequate Potassium Excretion - from decreased aldosterone related to Adrenalectomy[web.archive.org] D or 0.25-0.5mg 1,25-hydroxyvitamin D Low magnesium: makes it difficult to normalize calcium and potassium levels and should be corrected in every patient Treatment: 2g magnesium[icppharm.com] Weakness, N/V, Constipation, and Motility-ileus Hypotension and elevated pulse due to decreased cardiac output Alkalosis Treatment of Hypokalemia - Low Potassium Place patient[web.archive.org]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    The loss of electrolytes such as phosphate, potassium and magnesium can result in cardiac dysrhythmia.[emsworld.com] Acute alcohol ingestion can result in a decreased cardiac output in nonalcoholic patients with preexisting cardiac disease. This may be clinically significant.[emsworld.com]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Hypoglycemia

    Intern Med. 2016;55(8):949-53. doi: 10.2169/internalmedicine.55.5737. Epub 2016 Apr 15. Author information 1 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Dokkyo Medical University, Japan. Abstract We encountered a 62-year-old woman who experienced frequent episodes of hypoglycemia. She was diagnosed with postprandial[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Potassium Decreased
  • Hyponatremia

    Swollen brain cells react to hyponatremic conditions by decreasing their volume over approximately 48 h by the extrusion of potassium, sodium, chloride, and organic osmolytes[doi.org] As ordered, Megan starts an I.V. infusion of 0.9% normal saline with potassium 20 mEq at a rate of 200 mL/hour for 1 liter, and then decreases the rate to 125 mL/hour.[americannursetoday.com]

    Missing: Non Specific ST-T Changes

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