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57 Possible Causes for Nocturnal Leg Cramp, Paresthesia, Syncope

  • Hypoglycemia

    A 64 year-old African female was brought to the emergency room with a 1-month history of recurrent syncope, weight loss, and abdominal bloating.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Severe hypoglycemia eventually lead to glucose deprivation of the central nervous system resulting in hunger; sweating; paresthesia; impaired mental function; seizures; coma[icd9data.com] The symptoms include being: Hungry Shaky Sleepy Anxious Dizzy Confused or nervous Sweaty Irritable Syncope (Passing out, losing consciousness) Some people have trouble speaking[hormone.org]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    We report the case of a 60-year-old woman with a history of ataxia who sought evaluation after a syncopal episode.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most common of these are paresthesias, weakness, clumsiness, and an unsteady gait.[web.archive.org] We describe a case of a young black woman with gradually progressive lower extremity paresthesias, weakness, and ataxia as the primary presenting symptoms of pernicious anemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypokalemia

    One patient (a 38-year-old female) had experienced recurrent episodes of syncope due to ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTAs) accompanied by QT prolongation (QTc: 750ms) when[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The earliest signs are weakness and muscle cramps and numbness and tingling that usually begin in the lower extremities.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The importance of preventing hypokalemia is underscored by the finding that the risks of dysrhythmias, syncope, cardiac arrest, or death are greater in patients with heart[doi.org]

  • Insulinoma

    A 71-year-old woman had an episode of syncope due to hypoglycemia of 27 mg/dl.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient reported occasional episodes of weakness, sweating, pallor, tremor, confusion, paresthesias, and visual blurring in the previous year.[journals.lww.com] She had been experiencing dizziness for 8 months and had a similar episode of syncope 2 months earlier. Stephanie L.[healio.com]

  • Peripheral Neuropathy

    […] variety of autonomic symptoms may be present, although certainly the most dramatic and incapacitating is orthostatic hypotension, which causes postural light- headedness, syncope[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy is a debilitating side effect of chemotherapy, which manifests as paresthesias, dysesthesias, and numbness in the hands and feet[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients present with pain, paresthesias, or weakness along a specific nerve distribution or experience generalized peripheral neuropathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    The chronic form is asymptomatic, but the acute form causes light-headedness, confusion, paresthesias, cramps, and syncope.[msdmanuals.com] Dry mouth Nausea/vomiting May exhibit: Abdominal distension (elevating diaphragm as with ascites, pregnancy) Vomiting NEUROSENSORY May report: Headache, tinnitus Numbness/tingling[nurseslabs.com] […] vasoconstriction (Curley et al 2010) Signs and Symptoms of Respiratory Alkalosis Central Nervous System Symptoms Lightheadedness Vertigo Confusion Headache Tinnitus Blurred vision Syncope[leonchaitow.com]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    It is associated with an increased incidence of cardiac arrhythmia, hypertension, stroke, acute hepatitis, cirrhosis, gastritis, pancreatitis, syncope, amnesia and personality[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] People suffering from alcoholic neuropathy may feel burning and tingling sensations in their feet, which may persist or may last from a few months to a few years.[foundationforpn.org] Peripheral neuropathy may be evidenced by muscular weakness, paresthesias, and decreased peripheral sensation.[mentalhealth.com]

  • Hypocalcemia

    Acute hypocalcemia may lead to syncope, congestive heart failure, and angina due to the multiple cardiovascular effects.[physio-pedia.com] At presentation, he had ataxia, paresthesia in the hands and feet, and abdominal cramping. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was unremarkable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Heart: QT interval changes can cause syncope, arrhythmias and death. Calcium can be deposited in the kidneys, causing calculi.[patient.info]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    Syncope is usually the first manifestation of the syndrome.[eurekaselect.com] A few years ago, researchers in the United Kingdom found that 300 mg of supplemental magnesium reduced nighttime or nocturnal leg cramps in individuals who suffered chronic[eletewater.co.uk] […] malnutrition, starvation, diarrhea, prolonged NPO status, nasogastric suctioning, ethanol ingestion, Crohn's and celiac disease, certain drugs neuromuscular irritability, numbness, tingling[quizlet.com]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of magnesium wasting in a middle-aged woman with head and neck cancer who presented with recurrent syncopal episodes complicated by a[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] deficiency associated with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) has been described recently with clinical presentations varying from life-threatening conditions to muscle cramps and paresthesias[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 37-year-old man with history of heavy alcohol use was admitted for syncope. The ECG showed global T-wave inversions with prolonged corrected QT (QTc) duration on ECG.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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