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294 Possible Causes for Nocturnal Paroxysmal Dyspnea

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Features due to left heart failure: Dyspnea, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea: These symptoms develop due to congestion of the lungs.[] Major criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema[] Later on orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea also develop. Later on dyspnea occurs even at rest. Orthopnea refers to breathlessness on lying flat.[]

  • Heart Failure

    Major criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema[] Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea usually occurs at night and is defined as the sudden awakening of the patient, after a couple of hours of sleep,[] Bronchospasm increases ventilatory difficulty and the work of breathing and is a common complicating factor of paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    […] or comorbid paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and orthopnea are present, even in patients with preeclampsia.[] nocturnal dyspnea" if it causes you to wake up 1 to 2 hours after falling asleep and struggle to catch your breath.)[] In some patients, extreme edema may result in paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, although the pathogenesis of this conditions is not well-understood.[]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Symptoms: Patients with cardiomyopathy will typically present with dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, bilateral edema, and fatigue.[] These symptoms of heart failure most commonly include dyspnea , orthopnea , paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea , and fluid retention. How Is Postpartum Cardiomyopathy Treated?[] […] symptom) Syncope and presyncope Angina Palpitations Orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (early signs of congestive heart failure [CHF]) CHF (relatively uncommon but[]

  • Coronary Atherosclerosis

    Zhong Z 1, 2, 3, 4 , Hou J 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 , Zhang Q 1, 2, 3, 4 , Zhong W 1, 2, 3, 4 , Li B 1, 2, 3, 4 , Li C 1, 2, 3, 4 , Liu Z 1, 2, 3, 4 , Yang M 1, 2, 3, 4 , Zhao P 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 . Abstract MicroRNs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that modulate the expression of protein-coding genes at the post-transcription level and[…][]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    Attacks of breathlessness severe enough to wake the patient frequently occur during sleep ( paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea ).[] Symptoms like dyspnea (difficulty in breathing), orthopnea (shortness of breath when lying flat) and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (a severe increase in shortness of breath[] Symptoms Breathlessness Duration and pattern Presence of orthopnea or paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Presence of frothy pink sputum Swelling of ankles Chest pain Ischemic or[]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    Other symptoms associated with AS are related to cardiac failure, such as paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, orthopnea, and dyspnea on exertion.[] The patient also presented dyspnea on minimal exertion, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and edema of lower limbs. The patient denied fever.[] The clinical picture consists of the SAD triad: syncope upon physical exertion, angina and dyspnea.[]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    The following are the symptoms with which a patient may present: fatigue, orthopnea, dyspnea on exertion, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, increasing edema, weight gain, or an[] At presentation she had dyspnea at rest, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.[] Case presentation A 25-year old female presented to the emergency department with a one week history of low grade fever, increasing cough and dyspnea on exertion.[]

  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency

    Patients may be asymptomatic or may have manifestations like fatigue caused by reduced cardiac output, tachypnea or dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and hemoptysis[] nocturnal dyspnea), as well as symptoms of cardiogenic shock (i.e., shortness of breath at rest).[] When the legs are elevated at night, the fluid redistributes centrally, causing pulmonary edema and resulting in orthopnea (dyspnea while lying flat) or paroxysmal nocturnal[]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Pulmonary congestion reduces when the patient is in erect position, it results in improvement in symptoms. [1],[2],[5] Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea[] nocturnal dyspnea) Chest pain or pressure may be present along with the above symptoms Fatigue and weakness are commonly associated with cardiomyopathy Dizziness and lightheadedness[] […] patients in whom the additional volume cannot be pumped out by the left ventricle, there is a significant reduction in vital capacity and pulmonary compliance with resultant dyspnea[]

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