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342 Possible Causes for Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus, Papilledema

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Hydrocephalus-cont. • Chronic hydrocephalus may develop weeks to months after SAH and present as normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) manifested by gait difficulty, incontinence[] […] the pathogenesis of the disease remains controversial, recent case series of transverse sinus stenting have reported very high rates of symptom response and resolution of papilledema[] […] with severe, sudden headache and CN III palsy Evaluation Immediate head CT without contrast to look for blood in the subarachnoid space If CT is negative, and there is no papilledema[]

  • Hydrocephalus

    About normal pressure hydrocephalus Normal pressure hydrocephalus is a brain disorder in which excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the brain’s ventricles, which are[] CASE REPORT: A 3-year-old boy presented with macrocephaly, visual field constriction, and papilledema.[] […] deterioration Headaches (initially in the morning) Neck pain, suggesting tonsillar herniation Vomiting, more significant in the morning Blurred vision: A consequence of papilledema[]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Papilledema (late) e.[] […] sinusitis, pneumonia, endocarditis, DM, alcoholism Clinical Fever–95% at presentation, nuchal rigidity–88% at presentation, neurologic signs—confusion, lethargy, seizures, papilledema[] The findings of any focal neurological deficits or papilledema raise the possibility of a space occupying lesion and represent a contraindication for lumbar puncture.[]

  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    Continued What Causes Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus?[] A 40-year-old African American man presented with papilledema, diplopia, and headache.[] This finding is called papilledema and can be found on a careful eye examination.[]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    Meningeal signs and papilledema can be noted in most of the patients while babies may have a bulging anterior fontanel indicative of raised intracranial pressure.[] Patients with immunocompromise, papilledema, preexisting CNS disease, new onset seizures, altered level of consciousness, and focal neurological findings should have a head[] […] status, focal neurologic deficits, seizure activity, coma, nausea, vomiting, and photophobia, in addition to findings related to increased intracranial pressure such as papilledema[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    A patient with fatal recurrent meningococcal meningitis is described. Detailed complement and immunological investigation revealed a combined deficiency of C8 and anti-meningococcal antibody. An inability to make anti-meningococcal antibody in C8 deficient patients has not been previously reported.[]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Papilledema may be found.[] Generally, papilledema is not found in the early stages of meningitis. Therefore, absence of papilledema cannot exclude the possibility of elevated ICP.[] […] if unilateral papilledema, lateral gaze palsy, or other focal signs are found.[]

  • Listerial Meningitis

    Listeria monocytogenes is an important cause of life-threatening bacteremia and meningoencephalitis in neonates, pregnant women, the elderly, and immunocompromised individuals. However, it is an uncommon cause of illness in immunocompetent children beyond the neonatal period. Ampicillin with or without an aminoglycoside[…][]

  • Staphylococcus Aureus Meningitis

    Papilledema (late) e.[] DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS: • Bacterial Meningitis: Polymorphonuclear cells outnumber monocytes Papilledema occurs late in disease when it occurs, acute onset.[] Severe meningitis may cause papilledema, but papilledema may be absent early, even when ICP is increased.[]

  • Tularemia Meningitis

    […] retinal vein occlusion Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis Viral conjunctivitis Eales disease Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis Ocular ischemic syndrome Optic neuritis Papilledema[]

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