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77 Possible Causes for Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus, Patient Appears Acutely Ill

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Hydrocephalus-cont. • Chronic hydrocephalus may develop weeks to months after SAH and present as normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) manifested by gait difficulty, incontinence[slideshare.net] […] improve when treated for hydrocephalus (do not lower pressure to less than 15 mm Hg, however).[openanesthesia.org] Blockage of the normal CSF circulation can enlarge the ventricles (hydrocephalus), causing confusion, lethargy, and loss of consciousness.[mayfieldclinic.com]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Mondini dysplasia is rare, but has an important association with recurrent bacterial meningitis. We herein describe the case of a 3-year-old girl with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss who presented with three independent episodes of bacterial meningitis within 8 months. Temporal bone computed tomography indicated[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meningeal Tuberculosis

    A spinal tap may also be done to establish the diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus.[nlm.nih.gov] Inhalation anthrax Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) Pituitary tumor Reye syndrome Risks of lumbar puncture include: Bleeding into the spinal canal or around the brain[nlm.nih.gov] Normal values typically range as follows: Pressure: 70 to 180 mm H 2 O Appearance: clear, colorless CSF total protein : 15 to 60 mg/100 mL Gamma globulin: 3% to 12% of the[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    A 61-year-old Japanese woman presented with a headache and appetite loss lasting for nine days and was admitted to our hospital, where she was diagnosed with pneumococcal meningitis associated with acute sphenoid sinusitis. While the administration of meropenem and dexamethasone ameliorated the meningitis, right[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    A patient with fatal recurrent meningococcal meningitis is described. Detailed complement and immunological investigation revealed a combined deficiency of C8 and anti-meningococcal antibody. An inability to make anti-meningococcal antibody in C8 deficient patients has not been previously reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cryptococcal Meningitis

    In this case, initial head CT scan was normal but unusually high protein level in CSF prompted a repeat CT scan 5 days later that showed noncommunicating hydrocephalus.[shmabstracts.com] Early management of hydrocephalus is vital as raised intracranial pressure is the major cause of mortality in patients with AIDS‐associated cryptococcal meningitis who are[shmabstracts.com]

  • Listerial Meningitis

    Listeria monocytogenes is an important cause of life-threatening bacteremia and meningoencephalitis in neonates, pregnant women, the elderly, and immunocompromised individuals. However, it is an uncommon cause of illness in immunocompetent children beyond the neonatal period. Ampicillin with or without an aminoglycoside[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Staphylococcus Aureus Meningitis

    If patients appear ill and findings suggest meningitis, antibiotics (see Table: Initial Antibiotics for Acute Bacterial Meningitis ) and corticosteroids are started as soon[merckmanuals.com]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Abstract Eleven cases of Hemophilus meningitis seen in the last year are reported. Three were H. parainfluenzae and eight were H. influenzae. The number of patients is small but probably indicates that there is little difference in the clinical or laboratory data in meningitis caused by these two organisms. The[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Leptospiral Meningitis

    Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonotic disease characterised by headache and fever. These symptoms are often suggestive of meningitis, but only a proportion of patients have leptospiral meningitis. We report episodes of leptospiral meningitis in patients admitted to a tertiary referral centre in the Netherlands, in[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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