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249 Possible Causes for Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus, Slow Speech

  • Alzheimer Disease

    The hippocampus is reduced by an average of 5 percent in normal pressure hydrocephalus- a brain disorder in which excess brain fluid leads to thinking and reasoning problems[immersive.healthcentral.com] pressure hydrocephalus ) Stroke Thyroid disease Vitamin deficiency CT or MRI of the brain may be done to look for other causes of dementia, such as a brain tumor or stroke[medlineplus.gov] […] other possible causes of dementia, including: Anemia Brain tumor Long-term (chronic) infection Intoxication from medicines Severe depression Increased fluid on the brain ( normal[medlineplus.gov]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Hydrocephalus-cont. • Chronic hydrocephalus may develop weeks to months after SAH and present as normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) manifested by gait difficulty, incontinence[slideshare.net] […] improve when treated for hydrocephalus (do not lower pressure to less than 15 mm Hg, however).[openanesthesia.org] Blockage of the normal CSF circulation can enlarge the ventricles (hydrocephalus), causing confusion, lethargy, and loss of consciousness.[mayfieldclinic.com]

  • Binswanger Disease

    Other prominent features of the disease include urinary incontinence, difficulty walking, clumsiness, slowness of conduct, lack of facial expression, and speech difficulty[prep4usmle.com] pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) using diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Frequent pauses in your speech while searching for words Slow speech Difficulty repeating phrases or sentences Progressive Nonfluent-agrammatic Aphasia (PNFA) Difficulty[alzheimersweekly.com]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Mondini dysplasia is rare, but has an important association with recurrent bacterial meningitis. We herein describe the case of a 3-year-old girl with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss who presented with three independent episodes of bacterial meningitis within 8 months. Temporal bone computed tomography indicated[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    A 61-year-old Japanese woman presented with a headache and appetite loss lasting for nine days and was admitted to our hospital, where she was diagnosed with pneumococcal meningitis associated with acute sphenoid sinusitis. While the administration of meropenem and dexamethasone ameliorated the meningitis, right[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    A patient with fatal recurrent meningococcal meningitis is described. Detailed complement and immunological investigation revealed a combined deficiency of C8 and anti-meningococcal antibody. An inability to make anti-meningococcal antibody in C8 deficient patients has not been previously reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Listerial Meningitis

    Listeria monocytogenes is an important cause of life-threatening bacteremia and meningoencephalitis in neonates, pregnant women, the elderly, and immunocompromised individuals. However, it is an uncommon cause of illness in immunocompetent children beyond the neonatal period. Ampicillin with or without an aminoglycoside[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Abstract Eleven cases of Hemophilus meningitis seen in the last year are reported. Three were H. parainfluenzae and eight were H. influenzae. The number of patients is small but probably indicates that there is little difference in the clinical or laboratory data in meningitis caused by these two organisms. The[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Leptospiral Meningitis

    Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonotic disease characterised by headache and fever. These symptoms are often suggestive of meningitis, but only a proportion of patients have leptospiral meningitis. We report episodes of leptospiral meningitis in patients admitted to a tertiary referral centre in the Netherlands, in[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tularemia Meningitis

    Tularemia meningitis occurred in a previously healthy 64-year-old man from Northern Sweden. The patient was immunocompetent and recovered without sequelae. The bacterial isolate conformed by most criteria with the Euro-Asian biovar Francisella tularensis var. palaearctica. Tularemia meningitis may mimic meningitis[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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