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265 Possible Causes for Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus, Stupor

  • Alzheimer Disease

    The hippocampus is reduced by an average of 5 percent in normal pressure hydrocephalus- a brain disorder in which excess brain fluid leads to thinking and reasoning problems[] pressure hydrocephalus ) Stroke Thyroid disease Vitamin deficiency CT or MRI of the brain may be done to look for other causes of dementia, such as a brain tumor or stroke[] […] other possible causes of dementia, including: Anemia Brain tumor Long-term (chronic) infection Intoxication from medicines Severe depression Increased fluid on the brain ( normal[]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Managing raised ICP- cont. • Patients who are stuporous should undergo emergent ventriculostomy to measure ICP and to treat high ICP in order to prevent cerebral ischemia.[] […] improve when treated for hydrocephalus (do not lower pressure to less than 15 mm Hg, however).[] […] nuchal rigidity Grade 2 – severe headache, stiff neck, no neurologic deficit except cranial nerve palsy Grade 3 – drowsy or confused, mild focal neurologic deficit Grade 4 – stuporous[]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Delirium is common in the early stages, but it may be followed by drowsiness, then stupor, and eventually, coma.[] Symptoms among older children and adults may progress from irritability through confusion, drowsiness, and stupor, possibly leading to coma. Dehydration is common.[] This mental state is called stupor. Adults may become seriously ill within 24 hours, and children even sooner. Meningitis may cause coma and death within hours.[]

  • Meningeal Tuberculosis

    Seizures, focal neurological deficits, stupor and coma may be seen in late stages.[] A spinal tap may also be done to establish the diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus.[] Stage III This final stage is marked by an advanced state of coma or stupor, seizures, dense neurological deficits, posturing as well as abnormal movements.[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    Clinical manifestations include fever, nuchal rigidity, seizures, severe headache, petechial rash, stupor, focal neurologic deficits, hydrocephalus, and coma.[] Although the host can show signs of symptoms such as confusion, stupor, coma, and seizures that correlate with bacterial meningitis, these conditions are not directly caused[]

  • Listerial Meningitis

    […] second hospital day, we added vancomycin to the treatment because of continued fever of over 39 , severe headache, vomiting, and altered mental status; the patient appeared stuporous[]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    A 61-year-old Japanese woman presented with a headache and appetite loss lasting for nine days and was admitted to our hospital, where she was diagnosed with pneumococcal meningitis associated with acute sphenoid sinusitis. While the administration of meropenem and dexamethasone ameliorated the meningitis, right[…][]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Incubation period unknown, 2 - 4 days probably Signs and Symptoms Fever Vomiting Headache Lethargy Bulging fontanelle in infants Progressive stupor or coma is common Stiff[] An altered level of consciousness ranging from drowsiness to stupor or coma is common. This can have an effect on cry.[]

  • Staphylococcus Aureus Meningitis

    Delirium is common in the early stages, but it may be followed by drowsiness, then stupor, and eventually, coma.[] Mental state: - Drowsiness - Coma - Delirium - Stupor 9. – The infant with meningitis has signs of infection but commonly is simply fretful and refuses food’. • Vomiting occurs[] Stupor d. Coma The infant with meningitis may have signs of infection but more commonly is simply fretful and refuses food.[]

  • Dementia

    […] and dementia who received electroconvulsive therapy with S-ketamine anesthesia at our psychiatric intensive care unit for the treatment of her therapy-resistant catatonic stupor[] Pressure Hydrocephalus Vascular Dementia There are other conditions that can cause dementia or dementia-like symptoms including reactions to medications, metabolic problems[] All these symptoms are also found in the stupors occurring in dementia prcox. There can be no question about the resemblance of benign to dementia prcox stupors.[]

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