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3,080 Possible Causes for Nystagmus

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One (or more) of the following signs, developing during, or shortly after, alcohol use: (1) slurred speech (2) incoordination (3) unsteady gait (4) nystagmus (5) impairment[hamsnetwork.org] Due to their shared symptoms including double vision, nystagmus, dysarthria, and ataxia, the differential diagnosis of alcohol intoxication and vertebrobasilar stroke may[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meniere's Disease

    Periodic alternating nystagmus is a rare central nervous system disorder in which the eyes undergo a horizontal jerk nystagmus that periodically reverses direction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Periodic alternating nystagmus (PAN) is a spontaneous horizontal nystagmus that reverses direction periodically. PAN has been reported in acquired and congenital forms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Three patients developed a spontaneous "irritative" nystagmus during the early post-treatment period.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

    Down-beating positional nystagmus is typically associated with central nervous system disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] torsional nystagmus in SSC BPPV versus up-beating torsional nystagmus in PSC BPPV.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 50-year-old woman with BPPV who showed an 18 degree spontaneous nystagmus treated with Epley maneuver and a 53-year-old man with 3 degree spontaneous nystagmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Stroke

    The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Posterior cerebral artery Monocular loss of vision (amaurosis) Ophthalmic artery (a branch of the internal carotid artery) Unilateral or bilateral cranial nerve deficits (eg, nystagmus[msdmanuals.com] Know that cerebellar strokes also may cause vertigo, nausea and vomiting, headache, nystagmus, and slurred speech.[americannursetoday.com]

  • Alcohol Withdrawal

    […] therapeutic range for phenobarbital (64-172 micromol/L 15-40 ug/ml), an orange line indicating the level at which mild signs of toxicity are usually noted such as ataxia and nystagmus[emcrit.org] Scores for individual tests of nystagmus all showed improvement, p 67.[web.archive.org] The ocular abnormalities include nystagmus, gaze palsies and ophthalmoplegia, while the ataxia affects the trunk and lower extremities.[web.archive.org]

  • Transient Ischemic Attack

    […] is usually peripheral in nature, whereas vertical, pure torsional and/or bidirectional nystagmus, limb ataxia and pinprick sensation asymmetry are usually central Dix Hallpike[emergencymedicinecases.com] […] neurological deficit and cerebrovascular risk factors Note: all causes of vertigo can be worsened by head movement Vertigo Physical examination Unidirectional horizontal nystagmus[emergencymedicinecases.com] […] posterior circulation ischemia: diplopia, ataxia (especially between episodes), dysarthria (slurred speech) and dysphagia – and central cause: non‐positional or bidirectional nystagmus[emergencymedicinecases.com]

  • Vestibular Neuronitis

    Abstract We evaluated the vestibular functions, especially for positional nystagmus and caloric nystagmus, in 43 cases of vestibular neuronitis for long periods after its[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In 23 of these patients, central nervous disorders (CND) were suspected from the result of tests of positional and positioning nystagmus, smooth pursuit, optokinetic nystagmus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All cases were examined for critical head position which provoked vertigo, non-gaze nystagmus, positional and positioning nystagmus and caloric nystagmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    […] muscle spasms, or difficulty in moving; difficulties with coordination and balance (ataxia); problems in speech (dysarthria) or swallowing (dysphagia), visual problems (nystagmus[disabled-world.com]

  • Subclavian Steal Syndrome

    […] report the case of a 56-year-old man who presented with arterial hypotension, lightheadedness, vomiting, a sense of tingling in his right arm, and a right-beating horizontal nystagmus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In two of the three cases, a positional nystagmus was detected, which was vertical in two.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is a rare disease resulting in a variety of ischemic neurologic symptoms such as vertigo, dizziness, diplopia, dysarthria, ataxia and nystagmus.[synapse.koreamed.org]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    The symptomatology of the cases with saltatory evolution had subacute onset, in 1-3 days, with hypotonia, nystagmus and posture disorders.[medichub.ro] The rest of 21% of cases had catastrophic clinical findings: bulging anterior fontanelle, dehiscent cranial sutures, projectile vomiting, fixation of pupils, nystagmus, seizures[medichub.ro]

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