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101 Possible Causes for Nystagmus, Obstructive Hydrocephalus, Pendular Nystagmus

  • Cerebellar Hemorrhage

    Abstract A 63-year-old woman presented with a metastatic focus of papillary thyroid carcinoma in the cerebellopontine angle manifesting as lateral gazing nystagmus and slurred[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The hematoma in the fourth ventricle was gently removed through the hematoma cavity, followed by thorough saline irrigation to release obstructive hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A careful search for subtle cerebellar signs, including dysarthria, limb ataxia, nystagmus or tandem gait instability, absent in true gastroenteritis cases, could potentially[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebellar Infarction

    Midbrain/Thalamic hemorrahages Movie of mixed jerk torsion and shimmering pendular (9 meg) Midbrain hemorrhages can cause very devastating nystagmus, often with twisting eye[dizziness-and-balance.com] (SN) or direction changed bidirectional gaze-evoked nystagmus (GEN).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Computed tomography showed cerebellar infarction with obstructive hydrocephalus. External ventricular drainage was performed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome

    Clinical features include occipital bossing, progressive head enlargement, bulging of anterior fontanelle, papilledema, ataxia, gait disturbances, nystagmus, and intellectual[hon.ch] hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The bulk of clinical signs will be noted in the central nervous system with significant signs of cerebellar dysfunction, such as ataxia and nystagmus.[symptoma.com]

  • Cerebellar Neoplasm

    This patient was very unsteady and had strong positional nystagmus due to removal of her cerebellar nodulus.[dizziness-and-balance.com] Presentation: The most common presentation of posterior fossa tumors in children is symptomatic elevated ICP secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus.[ispn.guide] In situations where the tumour obstructs the pathway of CSF flow ‘obstructive hydrocephalus’ is a result.[jpgmonline.com]

  • Spasmus Nutans

    Ocular motility recordings revealed an unusual latent/manifest latent nystagmus, pendular nystagmus with characteristics of an acquired nystagmus, and uniocular saccades.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An eight-month-old child who presented with signs of spasmus nutans subsequently developed obstructive hydrocephalus, bilateral optic atrophy, and loss of vision due to a[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] the foramen of Monro or posteriorly to obstruct the aqueduct leading to severe hydrocephalus.[healio.com]

  • Cerebellar Mass Lesion

    Nystagmus, pendular Short term memory loss Slow speech Staggering Gait Tic syndrome in a child Habit spasm Tremor Tremor,coarse Unable to tandem walk/straight line Vertigo[howmed.net] R beating nystagmus on R gaze. L beating horizontal nystagmus on L gaze, vertical nystagmus on upgaze.[quizlet.com] Abstract Cerebellar masses are a heterogenous group of conditions that can cause compression of the aqueduct or fourth ventricle, resulting in obstructive hydrocephalus, brainstem[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebellar Hemangioblastoma

    This patient was very unsteady and had strong positional nystagmus due to removal of her cerebellar nodulus.[dizziness-and-balance.com] Urgent surgery was required due to rapid development of obstructive hydrocephalus and brainstem compression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe two octogenarians who presented with obstructive hydrocephalus, secondary to posterior fossa tumours that, on computed tomography, were thought to be cerebellar[thedoctorsdoctor.com]

  • Acute Cerebellar Ataxia

    Nystagmus, skew deviation, disconjugate saccades, and altered ocular pursuit can be present.[ajnr.org] A 54-year-old woman with adenocarcinoma of the lung and lymph node metastasis experienced nystagmus and cerebellar ataxia 2 weeks after initiating nivolumab therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Nonetheless, complications like compression of the brain stem and obstructive hydrocephalus, when present, are identified on CT images and may guide further investigation.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Alcoholic Cerebellar Degeneration

    […] thiamine deficiency Alterations in GABA receptor dependent neurotransmission have also been proposed as a pathogenic mechanism Clinical features Truncal ataxia Unsteady gait Nystagmus[pathologyoutlines.com] There may be other signs secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus.[patient.info] […] degeneration has been observed in non-alcoholic patients with severe malnutrition. 5 Eye Movements Square Wave Jerks Horizontal Saccadic Hypermetria Horizontal Gaze Evoked Nystagmus[slideplayer.com]

  • Cerebellar Stroke

    Midbrain/Thalamic hemorrahages Movie of mixed jerk torsion and shimmering pendular (9 meg) Midbrain hemorrhages can cause very devastating nystagmus, often with twisting eye[dizziness-and-balance.com] Remaining 8 patients were also symptomatic for vertigo, but they had spontaneous nystagmus. The latter group was called "disease control."[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mezzadri JJOtero JMOttino CA Management of 50 spontaneous cerebellar haemorrhages: importance of obstructive hydrocephalus.[doi.org]

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