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541 Possible Causes for Nystagmus, Obstructive Hydrocephalus, Respiratory Failure

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    failure and mild to moderate mental retardation.[] […] associated MEB disease include increased pressure within the eyes (infantile glaucoma), clouding of the lenses of the eyes (cataracts), rapid, involuntary eye movements (nystagmus[] […] hypoplasia are also very frequent.36,38 Ocular involvement is an invariable feature, ranging from severe myopia and retinal hypoplasia to congenital and infantile glaucoma, nystagmus[]

  • Cerebellar Hemorrhage

    The medical record was reviewed for the occurrence of complications of prematurity such as respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, pneumonia, pneumothorax[] Abstract A 63-year-old woman presented with a metastatic focus of papillary thyroid carcinoma in the cerebellopontine angle manifesting as lateral gazing nystagmus and slurred[] The hematoma in the fourth ventricle was gently removed through the hematoma cavity, followed by thorough saline irrigation to release obstructive hydrocephalus.[]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    Abstract We report on the case of a 32-year-old man who was admitted after an episode of acute respiratory failure.[] Eye movement recordings in two patients with Arnold-Chiari malfomation type 1 showed, in addition to downbeat and gaze evoked nystagmus, intermittent nystagmus of skew.[] Variable other central nervous system abnormalities might be present (partial or complete agenesis of the corpus callosum, a small fourth ventricle, obstructive hydrocephalus[]

  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type 1

    […] persistent hypercapnic chronic respiratory failure.[] Arnold-Chiari malformation nystagmus nystagmus of skew eye movement recordings Statistics from Arnold-Chiari malformation nystagmus nystagmus of skew eye movement[] In symptomatic patients, it is associated with: spinal diseases - 50% of cases: syringomyelia hydromyelia cranial disorders - 10% of cases: obstructive hydrocephalus Links[]

  • Leigh's Disease

    The neuropathologic examination revealed symmetric brainstem lesions, explaining the sleep-related respiratory failure.[] The authors present the case of a 9-year-old girl with dorsal midbrain syndrome causing convergence retraction nystagmus.[] Congen ita I Hydrocephalus Secondary to Intra-uterine Germinal Matr I n traven tr i c u I a I Haemorrhage Alan Hill Bohdan Rozdilsky Congenital hydrocephalus most commonly[]

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome

    Respiratory control centers in the brainstem are sometimes affected and can lead to respiratory failure, again most likely with severe hydrocephalus.[] Clinical features include occipital bossing, progressive head enlargement, bulging of anterior fontanelle, papilledema, ataxia, gait disturbances, nystagmus, and intellectual[] hydrocephalus.[]

  • Cerebellar Stroke

    Death from respiratory failure is common.[] Remaining 8 patients were also symptomatic for vertigo, but they had spontaneous nystagmus. The latter group was called "disease control."[] Mezzadri JJOtero JMOttino CA Management of 50 spontaneous cerebellar haemorrhages: importance of obstructive hydrocephalus.[]

  • Cerebellar Infarction

    It offers advice on how to diagnose and manage acute neuromuscular respiratory failure, acute worrisome headache, acute febrile confusion, acute diplopia, acute movement disorders[] (SN) or direction changed bidirectional gaze-evoked nystagmus (GEN).[] Computed tomography showed cerebellar infarction with obstructive hydrocephalus. External ventricular drainage was performed.[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Within 5 years of onset, 50% of patients have become blind in both eyes and cannot walk unassisted, and 20% die of respiratory failure due to cervical myelitis [ 3 ].[] Upbeat nystagmus was observed in all MS patients with trigeminal REZ lesions.[] The following are some of the features and symptoms associated with MPS VI: Short stature Macrocephaly (large head) Progressively coarse facial features Communicating hydrocephalus[]

  • Cerebellar Neoplasm

    Intrathecal corticosteroids Myelitis: Anti-Hu -associated Motor Patchy weakness: Arms Legs May progress to neck & respiratory failure Fasciculations Sensory: Associated ganglionopathy[] This patient was very unsteady and had strong positional nystagmus due to removal of her cerebellar nodulus.[] Presentation: The most common presentation of posterior fossa tumors in children is symptomatic elevated ICP secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus.[]

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