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517 Possible Causes for Nystagmus, Obstructive Hydrocephalus, Sudden Death

  • Cerebellar Hemorrhage

    Abstract A 63-year-old woman presented with a metastatic focus of papillary thyroid carcinoma in the cerebellopontine angle manifesting as lateral gazing nystagmus and slurred[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] even sudden death. [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7] Here, we report the case of a child, whose first presentation of medulloblastoma was a fatal cerebellar hemorrhage and discuss[pediatricneurosciences.com] The hematoma in the fourth ventricle was gently removed through the hematoma cavity, followed by thorough saline irrigation to release obstructive hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    The symptomatology of the cases with saltatory evolution had subacute onset, in 1-3 days, with hypotonia, nystagmus and posture disorders.[medichub.ro] CAUSES OF SUDDEN DEATH IN SAH  Large intraparenchymal hematoma  Destruction of brain tissue  Acute hydrocephalus  Increased intracranial pressure  Cardiac arrhythmias[slideshare.net] Patients with an intraventricular haematoma with no evidence of obstructive hydrocephalus were also excluded from the study.[doi.org]

  • Pineal Gland Cyst

    Sudden death due to a glial cyst of the pineal gland.[jcp.bmj.com] 017125, ダンセイ, 嚢腫, ノウシュ, cystoma, 040115, *, めまい, メマイ, vertigo, 054063, NMRイメージング, NMRイメージング, NMR imaging, 047139, 脳疾患, ノウシッカン, brain disease, 054486, 眼振, ガンシン(ビョウキ), nystagmus[togodb.dbcls.jp] Postmortem examination revealed a glial cyst of the pineal gland and evidence of chronic obstructive hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome

    Clinical features include occipital bossing, progressive head enlargement, bulging of anterior fontanelle, papilledema, ataxia, gait disturbances, nystagmus, and intellectual[hon.ch] Herein we report a new case of neonatal CPT II deficiency associated with Dandy-Walker syndrome and sudden death at 13 days of life.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    Neurological and vascular complications of Arnold-Chiari malformation treated with ventriculoatrial shunting may result in sudden or unexpected death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Eye movement recordings in two patients with Arnold-Chiari malfomation type 1 showed, in addition to downbeat and gaze evoked nystagmus, intermittent nystagmus of skew.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Variable other central nervous system abnormalities might be present (partial or complete agenesis of the corpus callosum, a small fourth ventricle, obstructive hydrocephalus[orpha.net]

  • Stroke

    A very severe stroke can cause sudden death.[who.int] The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Obstructive hydrocephalus is also noted, with dilatation of the lateral ventricles, likely due to compression of the foramen of Monroe.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    Patients may also suffer postural hypotension, syncope, and sudden death, probably due to involvement of brainstem cardiorespiratory centers.[path.upmc.edu] An examination revealed spontaneous upbeat nystagmus ( Video 1 ), gaze-evoked nystagmus ( Video 2 ), and gait ataxia. She had no ophthalmoplegia.[nejm.org] The second case illustrates extensive changes in the thalamus caused by WE, resulting in obstructive hydrocephalus requiring shunting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebellar Stroke

    death.( 6 - 10 ) Macdonell et al studied 2,000 consecutive stroke unit patients and showed that only 30 (1.5%) patients had cerebellar infarction.( 5 ) Interestingly, the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Remaining 8 patients were also symptomatic for vertigo, but they had spontaneous nystagmus. The latter group was called "disease control."[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mezzadri JJOtero JMOttino CA Management of 50 spontaneous cerebellar haemorrhages: importance of obstructive hydrocephalus.[doi.org]

  • Cerebellar Infarction

    Side of brain infarction and long-term risk of sudden death in patients with symptomatic carotid disease. Stroke. 34 (12), 2871–2875, (2003). 56.[nature.com] (SN) or direction changed bidirectional gaze-evoked nystagmus (GEN).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Computed tomography showed cerebellar infarction with obstructive hydrocephalus. External ventricular drainage was performed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    […] a few days after a febrile episode of viral infection, occasionally leading to death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] associated MEB disease include increased pressure within the eyes (infantile glaucoma), clouding of the lenses of the eyes (cataracts), rapid, involuntary eye movements (nystagmus[rarediseases.org] […] hypoplasia are also very frequent.36,38 Ocular involvement is an invariable feature, ranging from severe myopia and retinal hypoplasia to congenital and infantile glaucoma, nystagmus[healio.com]

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