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251 Possible Causes for Nystagmus, Postural Defect

  • Homocystinuria

    We examined visual acuity, ocular alignment, presence of maculopathy and peripheral retinopathy, optic atrophy, and nystagmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Case 2 involves an 8-year-old girl with nystagmus and developmental delay in whom megaloblastic anaemia was detected at 11 weeks of age.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A majority of children had hypotonia and nystagmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ataxic Cerebral Palsy

    The postural defects and resulting joint instability may lead to increased wear and tear of the weight bearing joints in the body.[medhelp.org] The most common facial ataxic symptoms are jerky speech patterns and abnormal eye movements called nystagmus.[redbridgeserc.org] Case 5, a 8-year-old boy showed head nodding and nystagmus since 4 months of age. He started ataxic gait at 8 years of age.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ataxia Telangiectasia

    Defects in speech Spider-like veins visible along the skin and eyes Recurrent lung, sinus, and ear infection Slow physical and sexual maturation How is Ataxia Telangiectasia[dovemed.com] Abnormal ocular movements were seen in 13/15 (saccadic intrusion in 8 and nystagmus in 5).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Eye movement abnormalities (80% of patients) with characteristic oculomotor apraxia, with nystagmus and various defects in saccade and gaze control (usually, abnormalities[raredisorders.imedpub.com]

  • Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

    It consists of: Treatment of specific signs and symptoms: Physiotherapy to loosen joints, correct posture defects, and keep muscles supple Medication to relax spastic muscles[news-medical.net] Photosensitivity, nystagmus, optic nerve atrophy, and pigmentary retinopathy have been reported. The eyes may appear deeply-set.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] The loss of and damage to nerves of the optic nerve, causing optic atrophy can occur. [3] Nystagmus , or involuntary eye movement, and pupils that fail to dilate demonstrate[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    The patient may fall, even from a chair, because he/she is less able to respond to unexpected events by posture defects and rigidity.[braininjury-explanation.com] PSP in comorbidity: a patient with amnestic dementia developing frontal lobe dementia, Parkinsonism and supranuclear gaze palsy and a patient with cerebellar ataxia and nystagmus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Gait changes associated with defective scaling of stride length and postural instability were more marked in PSP than those with PD despite similar disease duration between[bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com]

  • Cockayne Syndrome

    It consists of: Treatment of specific signs and symptoms: Physiotherapy to loosen joints, correct posture defects, and keep muscles supple Medication to relax spastic muscles[news-medical.net] The loss of and damage to nerves of the optic nerve, causing optic atrophy can occur. [3] Nystagmus , or involuntary eye movement, and pupils that fail to dilate demonstrate[en.wikipedia.org] […] lying below third percentile for age, head circumference below first percentile, deep-seated eyes, microcephaly, large ears, high arched palate, micrognathia, and horizontal nystagmus[ijpd.in]

  • Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome 1

    It consists of: Treatment of specific signs and symptoms: Physiotherapy to loosen joints, correct posture defects, and keep muscles supple Medication to relax spastic muscles[news-medical.net] […] involvement and convergent-divergent nystagmus that can persist during sleep.[eyewiki.aao.org] We report on an 8-month-old girl with COFS syndrome who exhibited growth and developmental delay, hypotonia, microcephaly, nystagmus, cleft palate, widely separated nipples[kjp.or.kr]

  • Cerebrooculofacioskeletal Syndrome Type 4

    It consists of: Treatment of specific signs and symptoms: Physiotherapy to loosen joints, correct posture defects, and keep muscles supple Medication to relax spastic muscles[news-medical.net] Photosensitivity, nystagmus, optic nerve atrophy, and pigmentary retinopathy have been reported. The eyes may appear deeply-set.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] In severe cases, nystagmus, full-thickness retinal detachment that leads to impaired vision or blindness. …[checkrare.com]

  • Orthostatic Syncope

    Some previous evidence suggests that postural related syncope is associated with defective mechanisms of cerebrovascular (CB) and cardiovascular (CV) control.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] including suboccipital headache, weakness in the upper extremities, facial numbness, loss of temperature sensation, ataxia, diplopia, dysarthria, dysphagia, vomiting, vertigo, nystagmus[kjp.or.kr] […] autonomic nervous system, adequate blood volume, and intact skeletal and respiratory muscle pumps are essential components for rapid cardiovascular adjustments to upright posture[pediatrics.aappublications.org]

  • Craniodiaphyseal Dysplasia

    In some cases, a postural defect in the metaphyses may also be noted.[primehealthchannel.com] The most frequent presentations in infancy are seizures, low calcium level, convulsions, failure of visual fixation (nystagmus), large spleen and liver (hepatosplenomegaly[encyclopedia.com] defect in the metaphyses Some of the complications of CDD are severe facial deformity, facial diplegia, complete hearing inability, nasolacrimal obstruction, quadriparesis[ehealthhall.com]

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