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91 Possible Causes for Nystagmus, Prominent Sulci

  • Parenchymatous Cortical Cerebellar Degeneration

    Characteristic features include prominent cerebral sulci (i.e. cortical atrophy) and v entriculomegaly (i.e. central atrophy) without bulging of the third ventricular recesses[] Tremor Head or Hand: SCA 8, 12, 15-16, 19, 27 Palatal: SCA 20 Normal lifespan: SCA 6, 11 Eye 60 Slow saccades Early/prominent: SCA 2, 7 Late: SCA 1, 3, 28 Very rarely: SCA 6 Nystagmus[] […] of the cortical sulci is an inherited (autosomal dominant) condition that predominately involves men presents in early to middle adult years with dementia and typical chloroform[]

  • Marchiafava Bignami Disease

    […] differentiated from MBD by the occurrence of solitary and rapidly disappearing splenial lesions; fewer signs and symptoms with exception of seizures, hemiparesis and tetraparesis; nystagmus[] Findings CT shows mild prominence of the ventricles and sulci consistent with mild generalized cerebral volume loss.[] The neurologic examination often reveals further abnormalities: dysarthria, mutism, nystagmus, gaze palsy, diplopia, peripheral sensory loss, deep tendon reflex loss or Babinski[]

  • Brain Stem Disorder

    In the author's experience, these patients often exhibit rebound nystagmus, which is a variant of gaze-evoked nystagmus.[] There is a prominent ventral cleft at the level of the pontomedullary junction.[] Upbeat nystagmus may occur. Small vessel disease (diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia) is the usual cause. Pontine hyperintense lesions.[]

  • Isolated optic nerve hypoplasia

    See-saw nystagmus and congenital nystagmus identified in the non-decussating retinal-fugal fiber syndrome.[] Also note on coronal T2W (B) image the prominence of cerebellar fissures (arrowhead) and cortical sulci suggestive of atrophy Click here to view The diagnosis is often delayed[] Most patients with albinism have nystagmus, and frequently use an abnormal head posture to reduce the amplitude of their nystagmus.[]

  • Neurological Disorder

    Deficits in transfer of the bolus in the oral cavity are also prominent. 4 Alzheimer's disease ( AD ) is the most common type of dementia.[] Migraine, tachycardia, intention tremor, nystagmus and cervical dystonia were observed in isolated individuals.[] […] occurs in children hereditary cerebellar ataxia nervous disorder of late childhood and early adulthood; characterized by ataxic gait and hesitating or explosive speech and nystagmus[]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    The authors report a case of 66-year-old male patient with sporadic CJD who had dizziness, gaze-evoked nystagmus (GEN), and other central eye signs (impaired smooth pursuit[] B, Corresponding FLAIR image shows marked prominence of ventricles and sulci for the patient’s age.[] […] examinations accurately discriminate central from peripheral lesions in those with new, acute, continuous vertigo/dizziness with nausea/vomiting, gait unsteadiness, and nystagmus[]

  • Isolated Congenital Sclerocornea

    Head MRI showed prominent sulci and abnormal T2 prolongation in the cerebral white matter and brainstem.[] Strabismus and nystagmus may occur.[] ALBINISM/Nystagmus, decreased iris pigment, translucent iris, foveal hypoplasia, strabismus, white hair and skin, translucent iris, nystagmus, photophobia, high refractive[]

  • Neuhauser Syndrome

    Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): prominent subarachnoid cortical sulci, Sylvian issure, and basal cisterns. Fig 2.[] Homepage Rare diseases Search Search for a rare disease Tremor-nystagmus-duodenal ulcer syndrome Disease definition Tremor-nystagmus-duodenal ulcer syndrome is a rare hyperkinetic[] Headaches, sustained nystagmus, or papilledema are other indications for a CT scan or MRI.[]

  • Congenital Cataract

    PURPOSE: To identify the potential candidate genes for a large Chinese family with autosomal dominant congenital cataract (ADCC) and nystagmus, and investigate the possible[] Brain imaging has revealed large ventricles, with subcortical hypomyelination, a thin corpus callosum, and prominent cortical sulci.[] Early surgery should be performed in sensitive vision development period to avoid vision deprivation in cases of strabismus and nystagmus development.[]

  • West Nile Encephalitis

    Arrows indicate subtle enhancement in the sulci. B and C, FLAIR images show increased signal intensity in the sulci, more prominent on the left than on the right.[]

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