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305 Possible Causes for Nystagmus in Infancy

  • Alstrom Syndrome

    Vision pathology (history of nystagmus in infancy/childhood, legal blindness, cone and rod dystrophy by ERG).[] The major criteria are: 1) ALMS1 mutation in one allele and/or family history of AS and 2) vision pathology (history of nystagmus in infancy/childhood, legal blindness, cone[]

  • Spasmus Nutans

    A better designation would be acquired nystagmus of infancy, which would not imply a benign etiology.[] Full Outline Download Full Outline Abstract Spasmus nutans is a rare form of nystagmus presenting in infancy with a triad of asymmetric nystagmus, head nodding, and torticollis[]

  • Strabismus

    Affected individuals are born with absent horizontal eye movements and develop severe progressive scoliosis starting in infancy or childhood.[] The gaze palsy is congenital and nonprogressive.Ocular alignment, congenital nystagmus, and vertical smooth pursuit defects are variable among individuals. 86 Convergence[]

  • Nystagmus

    Nystagmus that develops during infancy will not decrease visual acuity if the foveation time within each slow phase is adequate ( 60 msec).[] Arch Neurol. 1976, 33 : 507–12. 43 Farmer J and Hoyt CS : Monocular nystagmus in infancy and early childhood.[] Infantile nystagmus also does not cause oscillopsia, possibly because the internal spatial visual map is reupdated before each phase of this type of nystagmus (efference copy[]

  • Glaucoma

    Presents in early infancy Frequently associated w/other ocular abnormalities, often of later onset, incl cataract, glaucoma, & corneal opacification& vascularization May[] MOI Clinical Features Eye Findings Other Aniridia PAX6 WT1 1 AD Complete or partial iris hypoplasia w/associated foveal hypoplasia, resulting in reduced visual acuity & nystagmus[]

  • Eye Muscle Disorder

    Nystagmus usually begins in infancy or early childhood; its effect on vision varies greatly among patients.[] Most cases of nystagmus are present at birth or develop in infancy, usually between six weeks and three months of age.[] This study will examine the safety and effectiveness of a new surgical procedure to correct congenital nystagmus-a disorder of eye muscle-vision-brain coordination characterized[]

  • Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease

    We describe here a very mild case of PMD in a patient who presented with nystagmus in early infancy and was unable to walk until 1 year 7 months of age.[] We describe here a 19-year-old male with classical form PMD who presented with stridor and nystagmus in early infancy and whose psychomotor development has been severely delayed[] The common manifestations of the disease in patients with PLP1 mutations or duplications in this study were nystagmus in early infancy, dysmyelination revealed by magnetic[]

  • Keratoconus

    He had nystagmus and pigmentary retinopathy from his infancy.[]

  • Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy

    He also developed severe dystonia during infancy, rotatory nystagmus, and nephroureteral malformations.[]

  • Non-Involuting Congenital Hemangioma

    The congenital form has similar characteristics but presents early in infancy and features rapid disease progression.[] Clinical manifestations include TREMOR, spasmus nutans, roving eye movements, ATAXIA, spasticity, and NYSTAGMUS, CONGENITAL. Death occurs by the third decade of life.[] The classic form is X-chromosome linked, has its onset in infancy and is associated with a mutation of the proteolipid protein gene.[]

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