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11 Possible Causes for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Palilalia, Toe-Walking Gait

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Two patients presented with motor tics and obsessive-compulsive behavior suggestive of Tourette syndrome.[] In several patients with atypical disease whose first major symptom was palilalia, psychiatric abnormalities were misinterpreted as the cause of the speech defect.[] Cognitive decline and psychiatric disturbances such as obsessive-compulsive behavior and depression may follow.[]

  • Juvenile Huntington Disease

    His younger brother is healthy and he had no family history of neurologic disorders including tics, HD, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attention deficit hyperactivity[] A young person with JHD may begin to walk on their toes or develop a stiff legged or scissored gait.[] Ataxia and speech abnormalities were the commonest presentation. Constipation and urinary incontinence were frequent and may be due to autonomic neuropathy.[]

  • Rett Syndrome

    A positive test for the MECP2 mutation is not enough to make a diagnosis.Ruling in Decreased or loss of use of fine motor skills Decreased or loss of verbal speech Abnormalities[] One patient's symptoms suggest an extension of the known spectrum of MECP2 associated phenotypes to include global developmental delay with obsessive compulsive disorder and[] Shaky, unsteady, stiff gait or toe walking. Seizures. Slowing head growth beginning at 5 to 6 months of age. Loss of normal sleep patterns.[]

  • Ataxia

    The clinical presentation of succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency includes intellectual disability, ataxia, obsessive-compulsive disorder and epilepsy with a nonprogressive[] : Cerebellar Function Finger to nose testing Heel to shin testing Rapid alternating movements Romberg Testing Gait: walking and turning Tandem gait Walking on heels and toes[] abnormalities.[]

  • Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation

    Parkinsonism (rigidity, bradykinesia, palilalia, and freezing) and prominent neuropsychiatric features, such as hyperactivity, impulsivity, obsessive-compulsive disorder,[] The disease typically first presents itself about age 3, when leg dystonia and spasticity causes an impaired gait, sometimes including toe-walking.[] compulsive disorder, and violent outbursts. 12 – 14 Tourettism, including both verbal and motor tics, has also been observed in the early stages of atypical PKAN.[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Spastic Paraplegia Type 31

    In addition to progressive motor and autonomic symptoms, he exhibited attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive-compulsive disorder, and anxiety.[] The two male probands of this family (aged 14 and 60-years old) were noticed to have gait problems (tip-toe walking in the younger and shuffling gait in the older subject)[] Video gait analysis was performed, which showed internal rotation of the hips and feet while walking and running.[]

  • Eng-Strom Syndrome

    Complex tics, stereotypies, and compulsive behavior as clinical presentation of a juvenile progressive dystonia suggestive of Hallervorden-Spatz disease.[] No obvious gait or structural abnormalities. No tenderness to palpation. Sensation intact to light touch. No joint instability. Normal toe and heel walking.[] In several patients with atypical disease whose first major symptom was palilalia, psychiatric abnormalities were misinterpreted as the cause of the speech defect.[]

  • Idiopathic Childhood-Onset Basal Ganglia Calcification

    behavior, attention deficit disorder, sleep disturbance Usually drug-induced (tardive dyskinesia) schizophrenia, autism, mental retardation, Rett syndrome Dystonia musculorum[] walking Titubation Frequent falls Intention tremor Falls Abnormality of the cerebral white matter Milia Spastic gait Autosomal dominant inheritance Cerebral palsy Tics Intellectual[] Medications to treat anxiety, dystonia, depression, and obsessive-compulsive behaviors associated with FIBGC may be prescribed, such as antidepressants, anticonvulsants, and[]

  • ANE Syndrome

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), or obsessive-compulsive behaviour (OCB). This occurs in about 6 in 10 children with Tourette's syndrome.[] When the fabella is too close to the common fibular nerve, it can be the reason of tinglings, foot drop and steppage gait ( i.e while lifting a leg during walking the foot[] Palilalia - repeating your own words. Non-obscene socially inappropriate (NOSI) behaviours - such as making inappropriate or rude personal comments.[]

  • Autism Related Speech Delay

    , complex motor tics, and obsessive compulsive disorders (4).[] walk – Your child may have an atypical gait pattern If you suspect your child may have autism, speak to your pediatrician.[] A variety of speech abnormalities have been described, such as echolalia and pronoun reversal.[]