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314 Possible Causes for Obstructive Hydrocephalus, Stupor

  • Subdural Hematoma

    […] grade 0: asymptomatic grade 1: alert, oriented, mild symptoms (e.g. headache) grade 2: drowsy or disoriented, variable neurological deficits (e.g. hemiparesis) grade 3: stupor[intechopen.com] KEYWORDS: Cerebral ventriculomegaly; Congenital hydrocephalus; Intracranial hypertension; Newborn; Obstructive hydrocephalus; Subdural hematoma; Ventricular atrium diverticulum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ventricular Hemorrhage

    The third patient with a left thalamic and basal ganglia hemorrhage, who was initially awake and then lapsed into stupor days later, underwent surgery, but did not recover[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS: Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, severe IVH, and obstructive hydrocephalus with the need for external ventricular drainage were treated with IVF through external[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Infants with severe intraventricular hemorrhage might develop metabolic or respiratory acidosis, apnea, hypotonia and stupor. The newborn might go into a coma.[lecturio.com]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Symptoms, as a result of a mass effect from the tumour or due to obstructive hydrocephalus, include morning headaches, nausea, vomiting, diplopia (a manifestation of sixth[bestpractice.bmj.com] On the left is an image of a calcified mass in the suprasellar region, causing obstructive hydrocephalus.[radiologyassistant.nl] Another method that may be used to control obstruction of the brain fluid pathways is called an Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy.[aans.org]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    Alterations in consciousness may follow several hours later, which include impaired judgement and memory, confusion, somnolence and stupor.[en.wikipedia.org] A review of the literature yielded 15 additional case reports describing reversible obstructive hydrocephalus related to hypertensive encephalopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 1 Up to 16% of patients with hypertensive crisis have hypertensive encephalopathy, which is characterized by severe hypertension, confusion, visual complaints, headache, stupor[circ.ahajournals.org]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    […] swallowing or vision, loss of balance or coordination, difficulty understanding, speaking , reading, or writing, and a change in level of consciousness or alertness, marked by stupor[my.clevelandclinic.org] Patients with an intraventricular haematoma with no evidence of obstructive hydrocephalus were also excluded from the study.[biomedcentral.com] Symptoms can include: Abnormal sense of taste Change in alertness (level of consciousness) Apathetic, withdrawn Sleepy, lethargic, stuporous Unconscious, comatose Difficulty[snc.md]

  • Medulloblastoma

    The patient was in a stuporous mental state. A reoperation was performed, and the mass was totally removed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Medulloblastoma is a malignant embryonal tumor that arises in the cerebellum and invades the fourth ventricle, often resulting in obstructive hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Medulloblastoma occurs in the 4th ventricle and usually presents with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure (headaches, nausea, vomiting) and signs of obstructive hydrocephalus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meningeal Tuberculosis

    Seizures, focal neurological deficits, stupor and coma may be seen in late stages.[radiopaedia.org] However, surgery is required for patients with obstructive hydrocephalus and those in poor grades.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Stage III This final stage is marked by an advanced state of coma or stupor, seizures, dense neurological deficits, posturing as well as abnormal movements.[hxbenefit.com]

  • Lead Encephalopathy

    […] exudate. 3 Lead acts as a cellular toxin by inhibiting mitochondrial respiration. 4 Clinically, patients present with headache, vomiting, ataxia, convulsions, paralysis, stupor[ajnr.org] We review a case of lead poisoning in a 9-month-old child who presented clinically and radiographically with a posterior fossa mass effect and obstructive hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] neuropsychiatric amnesia: short term memory poor concentration ataxia dysarthria sensory loss and paraesthesia in the extremities fatigue, sleep problems headaches depression stupor[radiopaedia.org]

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    […] summarized as follows: intensive and progressive cephalea, the main symptom; seizures (39.3%); paresis (37.2%); papilledema (28.3%); altered mental state (22%), aphasia (19.1%), stupor[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] leading to a cyclical cascade of edema and further cerebral venous obstruction.[appliedradiology.com] The brain is under increased venous pressure, and tissue perfusion is at increased risk compared with other situations with obstructive hydrocephalus.[ahajournals.org]

  • Brain Stem Hemorrhage

    hydrocephalus and can be discovered after the patient is found unresponsive.[neurology.org] "Endoscopic management of hypertensive intraventricular haemorrhage with obstructive hydrocephalus". BMC Neurol. 7 : 1. doi : 10.1186/1471-2377-7-1. PMC 1780056.[en.wikipedia.org] […] only presenting symptom of left hemi-body paresthesia Background: Brainstem hemorrhages, especially at the level of the Superior Colliculi is rare in itself but can lead to obstructive[neurology.org]

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