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309 Possible Causes for Occipital Encephalocele

  • Meckel-Gruber Syndrome

    A one-day-old girl was admitted to our clinic with occipital encephalocele, polydactyly, ulnar deviation of left hand and failure to thrive.[] Meckel-Gruber syndrome (MGS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder which is characterized by a classic triad of occipital encephalocele, polycystic kidneys and postaxial[] Each affected sib manifested only two of the three cardinal signs of MGS: occipital encephalocele and polycystic kidneys, lacking polydactyly.[]

  • Meckel Syndrome Type 7

    Typical clinical signs are an occipital encephalocele, microphthalmia, bilateral dysplastic cystic kidneys and other malformations of the CNS.[] Available from: Meckel-Gruber syndrome is a rare and lethal autosomal recessive disorder characterized by occipital encephalocele, postaxial polydactyly and bilateral dysplastic[] Cystic kidney dysplasia, occipital encephalocele, and postaxial polydactyly were found in 100%, 90%, and 83.3% of the fetuses, respectively.[]

  • Encephalocele

    Occipital encephaloceles are the most frequent type in North America and Western Europe, where about 85% of encephaloceles take this form.[] This is the first case report of the association of an occipital encephalocele with a rare vascular tumor, i.e. papillary intralymphatic angioendothelioma.[] The authors report a clinical case of an 80-year-old woman with primary occipital encephalocele on the right side and that was affected by trauma and presented liquor fistula[]

  • Occipital Encephalocele

    Two children with giant occipital encephaloceles with herniation of significant brain parenchyma into the encephalocele sac were managed with expansile cranioplasty and reconstruction[] Occipital encephaloceles are the most frequent type in North America and Western Europe, where about 85% of encephaloceles take this form.[] Six patients with occipital encephaloceles are treated by a combined craniofacial approach.[]

  • Knobloch Syndrome Type 1

    Radiologic imaging demonstrated occipital encephalocele or meningocele in 3 patients, occipital skull defects in 4 patients, minor occipital changes in 2 patients, and no[] Knobloch syndrome (KNO) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by ocular abnormalities (myopia and retinal detachment) and occipital encephalocele.[] Another characteristic feature of Knobloch syndrome is a skull defect called an occipital encephalocele, which is a sac-like protrusion of the brain (encephalocele) through[]

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome

    It is rare for Dandy-Walker syndrome to occur together with occipital encephalocele.[] The common presenting symptom and associated central nervous system anomaly were enlargement of head and occipital encephalocele, respectively.[] Remaining cases presented with either occipital encephalocele or right trigeminal neuralgia or fixed atlantoaxial dislocation.[]

  • Cranial Meningocele

    Encephalocele Findings: A predominantly cystic mass is seen protruding from the occipital region.[] Encephalocele Occipital encephalocele. Encephalocele is a protrusion of brain through a defect of the skull, usually in the occipital area.[] Occipital encephalocele. a In a female newborn. Note the small, ovoid midline defect in the occipital region.[]

  • Basal Encephalocele

    A baby with a large occipital encephalocele.[] Surgical closure and reconstruction of a large occipital encephalocele without parenchymal excision. Childs Nerv Syst. 2005;21:144-7.[] Additional findings can include retinal dystrophy, renal disease, ocular colobomas, occipital encephalocele, hepatic fibrosis, polydactyly, oral hamartomas, and endocrine[]

  • Nasal Encephalocele

    . — [A] Large occipital encephalocele. [B] CT of the brain showing brain tissue protruding through an occipital bone opening.[] A baby with a large occipital encephalocele.[] The prognosis appears to be better for patients with frontoethmoidal encephaloceles than for patients with occipital or parietal encephaloceles, and it depends largely on[]

  • Bilateral Vocal Cord Paralysis

    […] large subtorcular occipital encephalocele in neonate carries higher risk of associated hindbrain anomalies and secondary process for neurological deterioration which predict[] Two neonates presented with inspiratory stridor due to bilateral vocal cord paralysis associated with occipital encephalocele, Chiari malformation, and hydrocephalus in one[] The author presented a successful surgical strategy for management of a 4-month-old infant with a large subtorcular occipital encephalocele presented with bilateral vocal[]

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