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17 Possible Causes for Occipital Focal Spikes, Paroxysmal Activity - Spikes Central Bilaterally, Paroxysmal Activity - Spikes Temporal Bilaterally

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    .  Previously called early-benign childhood seizures with occipital spikes  Childhood onset (peak 5 years).  Focal autonomic seizures or autonomic status epilepticus, frequently[slideshare.net] Between these bursts are inserted periods of variable duration without obvious paroxysmal discharges but with θ–wave activity of variable amplitude involving both central[neupsykey.com] Benign Rolandic epilepsy benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes benign focal epilepsy of childhood: Epilepsy characterized by partial (focal) seizures, often[childneurologyfoundation.org]

  • Epilepsy

    Rask and Fernando Torres, Clinical Manifestations in Children with Occipital Spike‐Wave Paroxysms, Epilepsia, 33, 4, (667-674), (2005). R. J.[doi.org] Erdly, Long-term EEG-video-audio monitoring: computer detection of focal EEG seizure patterns, Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 82, 1, (1), (1992).[doi.org]

  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    The EEG signature of IGE is bisynchronous, symmetric, and generalized spike-wave complex; although focal, irregular, and so called "fragments" of discharges are not uncommon[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other characteristic EEG features include polyspikes, polyspike-wave discharges, occipital intermittent rhythmic delta activity, and photoparoxysmal response.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ‘Contrary to popular folk belief, nothing should be placed in the mouth during the seizure. Severe injury could occur.’ Generalized tonic clonic seizures (grand mal seizures) are the most common and best known type of generalized seizure. They begin with stiffening of the limbs (the tonic phase), followed by jerking[…][epilepsynw.org]

  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    History Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is diagnosed on the basis of clinical findings. Video-electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring of typical seizures is the criterion standard, but in the great majority of patients, a working diagnosis of probable JME is made on the basis of the clinical history, often with[…][emedicine.medscape.com]

  • West Syndrome

    J Child Neurol. 2015 Oct;30(11):1440-7. doi: 10.1177/0883073815569304. Epub 2015 Feb 23. Author information 1 Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India sheffaligulati@gmail.com. 2 Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Encephalopathy

    *Frontal dominance (FIRDA) --non specific ,diffuse encephalopathy, if focal ?[slideshare.net] *Repetitive and fairly stereotyped waveforms appearing at regular intervals, sharps/spike waves or complex discharges.[slideshare.net] […] frontal lobe lesion *OIRDA --occipital dominant ,seen in children as in absence seizure *TIRDA– temporal lobe epilepsy 21.[slideshare.net]

  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    Photic stimulation is a recognized cortical precipitant of GSW ( Niedermeyer, 1996 ) and focal occipital spike and slow wave ( Ricci and Vigevano, 1993 ).[academic.oup.com] Previous clinical and EEG studies show a relationship between generalized and focal spike–wave discharges in some situations.[academic.oup.com] Furthermore, the electrographic findings in both syndromes include GSW or occipital spikes. This overlap may be due to shared genetic determinants.[academic.oup.com]

  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Uremic encephalopathy is a metabolic disorder in patients with renal failure. The purpose of this study was to describe the MR imaging findings of uremic encephalopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed MR imaging findings in 10 patients with clinically proved uremic[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]