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287 Possible Causes for Occipital Focal Spikes, Progressive Action Tremor, Temporal Focal Spikes

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Usually, myoclonic tremor is the presenting symptom, characterized by tremulous finger movements and myoclonic jerks of the limbs increased by action and posture.[uniprot.org] .  Previously called early-benign childhood seizures with occipital spikes  Childhood onset (peak 5 years).  Focal autonomic seizures or autonomic status epilepticus, frequently[slideshare.net] Benign Rolandic epilepsy benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes benign focal epilepsy of childhood: Epilepsy characterized by partial (focal) seizures, often[childneurologyfoundation.org]

  • Epilepsy

    Rask and Fernando Torres, Clinical Manifestations in Children with Occipital Spike‐Wave Paroxysms, Epilepsia, 33, 4, (667-674), (2005). R. J.[doi.org] In infancy, the EEG background was normal (1), showed diffuse (3) or focal slowing that was temporal (1) and in the left hemisphere (1), and showed focal (central, temporal[brain.oxfordjournals.org] Erdly, Long-term EEG-video-audio monitoring: computer detection of focal EEG seizure patterns, Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 82, 1, (1), (1992).[doi.org]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    spikes immediately preceding bisynchronous discharges, and subsequently to temporal intermittent rhythmic delta activity and temporal lobe-onset seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this rare case of coexistent primary generalised epilepsy and focal epilepsy, the epileptic networks of the two forms of epilepsy appear to overlap.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] was an electrographic evolution from the typical generalised epileptiform patterns, characteristic of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, to the novel appearance of interictal temporal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • West Syndrome

    Brain MRI revealed no abnormal findings although interictal EEG demonstrated left centro-parieto-temporal localized spike foci.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The focal ES of one lower limb, following treatment of ES in these two infants with WS, suggests the origin of the ES in the first case to be a neocortical focus involving[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    The EEG signature of IGE is bisynchronous, symmetric, and generalized spike-wave complex; although focal, irregular, and so called "fragments" of discharges are not uncommon[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other characteristic EEG features include polyspikes, polyspike-wave discharges, occipital intermittent rhythmic delta activity, and photoparoxysmal response.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Encephalopathy

    *Frontal dominance (FIRDA) --non specific ,diffuse encephalopathy, if focal ?[slideshare.net] […] frontal lobe lesion *OIRDA --occipital dominant ,seen in children as in absence seizure *TIRDA– temporal lobe epilepsy 21.[slideshare.net] *Repetitive and fairly stereotyped waveforms appearing at regular intervals, sharps/spike waves or complex discharges.[slideshare.net]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ‘Contrary to popular folk belief, nothing should be placed in the mouth during the seizure. Severe injury could occur.’ Generalized tonic clonic seizures (grand mal seizures) are the most common and best known type of generalized seizure. They begin with stiffening of the limbs (the tonic phase), followed by jerking[…][epilepsynw.org]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    Photic stimulation is a recognized cortical precipitant of GSW ( Niedermeyer, 1996 ) and focal occipital spike and slow wave ( Ricci and Vigevano, 1993 ).[academic.oup.com] Previous clinical and EEG studies show a relationship between generalized and focal spike–wave discharges in some situations.[academic.oup.com] Furthermore, the electrographic findings in both syndromes include GSW or occipital spikes. This overlap may be due to shared genetic determinants.[academic.oup.com]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Uremic encephalopathy is a metabolic disorder in patients with renal failure. The purpose of this study was to describe the MR imaging findings of uremic encephalopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed MR imaging findings in 10 patients with clinically proved uremic[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor