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334 Possible Causes for Ocular Muscle Palsies, Square Prognathic Jaw

  • Obesity

    The prevalence of obesity and overweight increased in the United States between 1978 and 1991. More recent reports have suggested continued increases but are based on self-reported data. To examine trends and prevalences of overweight (body mass index [BMI] or 25) and obesity (BMI or 30), using measured[…][]

    Missing: Square Prognathic Jaw
  • Umbilical Hernia

    Many adults and children with painful swellings to the abdomen present to emergency departments (EDs) and are diagnosed with umbilical hernia. Some of these patients require urgent surgery because the hernia has become incarcerated or strangulated, while others can be discharged home safely. This article explains[…][]

    Missing: Square Prognathic Jaw
  • Strabismus

    […] the course of 6-12 months), eye muscle surgery can then be performed to eliminate the ocular misalignment and restore single vision.[] FOURTH NERVE PALSY Fourth nerve palsy refers to a weakness of the nerve that supplies impulses to the superior oblique muscle, a muscle of the eye which has the main function[] Once we can document stability of the strabismus arising from a third nerve palsy (occasionally a congenital or acquired third nerve palsy can “regenerate” spontaneously over[]

    Missing: Square Prognathic Jaw
  • Bell's Palsy

    [edit] To initially relieve double vision (diplopia) caused by an extra-ocular muscle palsy, an eye care professional may recommend using an eyepatch.[] Complications In addition to ocular problems, complications of Bell’s palsy include: motor synkinesis (involuntary movement of muscles occurring at the same time as deliberate[]

    Missing: Square Prognathic Jaw
  • X-Linked Syndromic Intellectual Disability Type Schimke

    Note long, narrow face, square, prognathic jaw, large ears, bushy eyebrows, and narrow chest.[] Craniofacial features included a long, narrow face, a prominent, straight nose, a square, prognathic jaw, large ears, deep sunken eyes, and bushy eyebrows (fig 2 ).[] Craniofacial features included a long, narrow, impassive face with a prognathic, square jaw, large ears (7.5 cm) with flattened upper pinnae, deep sunken eyes, convergent[]

  • Hydrocephalus

    A 39-year old man underwent surgery for recurrence of a cervical schwannoma. At 6 months postoperatively, severe headache appeared and head CT showed marked ventricular dilation that was diagnosed as delayed hydrocephalus. Dural repair surgery using a fascia patch of the tensor fasciae latae muscle was[…][]

    Missing: Square Prognathic Jaw
  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    . - Ocular: pupillary changes. Extraocular muscle palsy; gaze palsy: nystagmus. Hypothalamus.[] Cranial nerve VI (abducens) palsy causes weakness of the lateral rectus muscle and results in medial deviation of the eye, decreased abduction, and horizontal diplopia.[] Nystagmus (usually horizontal) is the most common ocular finding. Prominent nystagmus in the abducting eye is characteristic of internuclear ophthalmoplegia.[]

    Missing: Square Prognathic Jaw
  • Oculomotor Nerve Paralysis

    Isolated third nerve palsy from mild closed head trauma. Arch Iran Med. 2012. 15: 583-4 18. Neetens A, Van Aerde F. Extra-ocular muscle palsy from minor head trauma.[] Ocular motor palsy also can be classified based on (2) total palsy or partial paresis. Total palsy is full restriction of extraocular muscle in present.[] Temporary palsy of a single ocular nerve is not uncommon, and may be of unknown cause.[]

    Missing: Square Prognathic Jaw
  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Multiple sclerosis (MS, disseminated sclerosis, encephalomyelitis disseminata) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Multiple sclerosis is divided into the following categories: Relapsing-remitting MS, Secondary progressive MS, Primary progressive MS and Progressive-relapsing MS. Individuals[…][]

    Missing: Square Prognathic Jaw
  • Miller-Fisher Syndrome

    Miller-Fisher Syndrome (MFS) is a rare acute polyneuropathy composed of the clinical triad of ataxia, areflexia and ophthalmoplegia, with a monophasic, self-limited course and spontaneous improvement. The authors present a 65-year-old man with Miller-Fisher syndrome consisting of bilateral ophthalmoplegia, trigeminal[…][]

    Missing: Square Prognathic Jaw

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