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188 Possible Causes for Oculomotor Nerve Paralysis

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Diabetes mellitus traditionally has been categorized as type 1 (insulin deficiency due to autoimmune destruction of islet cells) or type 2 (insulin resistance with the development of relative insulin deficiency). However, other pathophysiologic etiologies for diabetes must be considered in the evaluation of patients with[…][]

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    The frequency of alexithymia and the proportion of cases reporting low emotional empathy after traumatic brain injury (TBI) were compared with a control group. The study also examined the relationship between alexithymia and emotional empathy, controlling for the influence of cognitive ability, severity of head[…][]

  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

    A 37-year-old man treated with valproate and lithium for bipolar affective disorder since 1999 and with risperidone since March 2003 was admitted to our clinic due to metabolic acidosis. Serum glucose was 647 mg/dL and urine ketones were positive. The patient was accepted as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Risperidone,[…][]

  • Meningitis

    Please log in to edit this article. Edit German : Meningitis 1 Definition The spinal cord and brain is covered by a transparent protective fluid called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the spinal cord is covered by a thin sheath called meninges. The infection or inflammation of the meninges and the CSF is known as[…][]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    A 28-year-old healthy man was admitted to our hospital because of right-sided headache, vomiting, and lower back pain after the administration of vardenafil. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed a small, right-sided, subdural hematoma. A lumbar magnetic resonance imaging showed a[…][]

  • Anterior Uveitis

    Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2018;26(5):726-731. doi: 10.1080/09273948.2018.1468470. Epub 2018 Jun 5. Author information 1 a Department of Ophthalmology, CHU St-Pierre and Brugmann, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium. 2 b Department of Ophthalmology, CHU St-Pierre, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium. 3[…][]

  • Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome

    Idiopathic Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (ITHS) is a very rare cause of painful ophthalmoplegia characterized by unilateral orbital pain, ipsilateral oculomotor paralysis and prompt[] paralysis. 2 All three ocular motor cranial nerves can be affected to various degrees, and other cranial nerves, such as the facial nerve, can also be affected. 1 THS causes[] This syndrome is defined as episodic orbital pain associated with paralysis of one or more of the oculomotor, trochlea, and/or the abducens nerves, that usually resolves spontaneously[]

  • HIV Infection

    A 36-year-old Caucasian homosexual man was found to have HIV infection on routine screening. He had an eight-year history of chronic diarrhoea, which pre-dated the HIV diagnosis and did not improve after the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy. After referral to the Gastroenterology department, he[…][]

  • Nothnagel's Syndrome

    Neurological examination showed complete palsy of right oculomotor nerve, paralysis of upward movement of the left eye. conjugate gaze was possible, and doll's head eye phenomenon[] NEURO-OPHTHALMOLOGIC EVALUATION OF OCULOMOTOR NERVE PARALYSIS. Arch Ophthalmol. 1964 Aug. 72:154-67. [Medline]. Richards BW, Jones FR Jr, Younge BR.[] Nothnagel syndrome (nōth′nāg″ĕl) [Carl Wilhelm Nothnagel, Ger. internist, 1841–1905] Paralysis of the oculomotor nerve combined with cerebellar ataxia resulting from a mass[]

  • Bickerstaff Brainstem Encephalitis

    Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis (BBE) is a rare inflammatory, demyelinating disease that generally has a good prognosis. To describe the course of a patient with severe BBE and multiple medical complications. Case report. Academic medical center. An 81-year-old woman with BBE who fully recovered. The patient had[…][]

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