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26 Possible Causes for Odontoid Erosion

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

    erosion of the odontoid process[radiopaedia.org] […] from erosive synovitis in the atlantoaxial, atlanto-odontoid, and atlanto-occipital joints and the bursa between the odontoid and the transverse ligament (see the image below[emedicine.medscape.com] […] a sclerotic border and overhanging edges, tophi, most commonly involves the 1 st MTP (which is known as podagra) Site specific differential diagnosis: distal clavicular erosion[radiopaedia.org]

  • Psoriatic Arthritis

    Vertebrae are affected asymmetrically, and the atlantoaxial joint may be involved with erosion of the odontoid and subluxation (with attendant neurologic complications).[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with genetic, environmental, hormonal, and immunological factors. One of these factors is vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D plays many roles in the immune system. Several studies have suggested a potential role in the development of[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis

    1 Recommendations 1.1 Secukinumab is recommended, within its marketing authorisation, as an option for treating active ankylosing spondylitis in adults whose disease has responded inadequately to conventional therapy (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or TNF‑alpha inhibitors). The drug is recommended only if the[…][nice.org.uk]

  • Down Syndrome

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate subclinical hypothyroidism in a cohort of children with Down syndrome and identify a TSH level at the time of diagnosis to predict persistent hypothyroidism. METHODS: 192 children (age RESULTS: 47 (24.5%) children had elevated TSH and among them 43 (91.5%) had subclinical hypothyroidism. Among[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Arthritis

    erosion of the odontoid process[radiopaedia.org] […] a sclerotic border and overhanging edges, tophi, most commonly involves the 1 st MTP (which is known as podagra) Site specific differential diagnosis: distal clavicular erosion[radiopaedia.org]

  • Psoriasis

    Vertebrae are affected asymmetrically, and the atlantoaxial joint may be involved with erosion of the odontoid and subluxation (with attendant neurologic complications).[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Transverse Process Fracture

    […] fracture lateral mass fracture f lexion teardrop fracture extension teardrop fracture atlanto-axial subluxation rheumatoid arthritis o steoarthritis erosion of the odontoid[radiopaedia.org] […] from 5 to 8 years of age fuse at around the 12 th year dens separated from the vertebral body by a cartilaginous disk circumference ossifies 3, 5 fractures hangman fracture odontoid[radiopaedia.org]

  • Juvenile Seronegative Polyarthritis

    Cervical spine radiographs may demonstrate: atlantoaxial subluxation odontoid erosions ankylosis, especially of the facet joints Hepatosplenomegaly may be seen on abdominal[radiopaedia.org] Plain radiograph Findings on x-ray include soft tissue swelling, osteopenia, loss of joint space, erosions, growth disturbances (epiphyseal overgrowth or "ballooning") and[radiopaedia.org]

  • Polyarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

    Cervical spine radiographs may demonstrate: atlantoaxial subluxation odontoid erosions ankylosis, especially of the facet joints Hepatosplenomegaly may be seen on abdominal[radiopaedia.org] Plain radiograph Findings on x-ray include soft tissue swelling, osteopenia, loss of joint space, erosions, growth disturbances (epiphyseal overgrowth or "ballooning") and[radiopaedia.org]

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