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17 Possible Causes for Onset Ages 2 to 14 Years, Palilalia

  • Tourette Syndrome

    Mean age of tic onset for TS diagnostic criteria ranged from 2-14 years with a mean of 8.2 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] German male patients with treatment-resistant Tourette syndrome (TS), who suffer from incapacitating stuttering-like speech disfluencies caused by vocal blocking tics and palilalia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition, all patients presented with multiple tic-related symptoms (mainly self-injurious behaviors and echolalia, n 7; palilalia, n 6; coprolalia/mental coprolalia, n[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tic Disorder

    Onset is usually in childhood - 2-14 years of age (mean age of 7 years).[patient.info] […] gesture (copropraxia) or a tic-like imitation of someone else’s movements (echopraxia).Complex vocal tics can seem purposeful as well and include repeating one’s own sounds (palilalia[hopeandhealingcenter.org] Sniffing Picking Grunting, barking or chirping "Complex" tics can include: Arm flapping Facial grimacing Coprolalia (the involuntary uttering of obscene words or phrases) Palilalia[massgeneral.org]

  • Tics

    Onset is usually in childhood - 2-14 years of age (mean age of 7 years).[patient.info] Palilalia: Repeating your own words over and over again.[tourette13.tripod.com] Patients with a complex vocal tic may repeat their own words (palilalia) or other people’s words (echolalia), and may use obscene words (coprolalia).[cedars-sinai.edu]

  • Alexander Disease

    Type II (juvenile) develops in patients from 2-14 years of age and is characterized by hyperreflexia, ataxia, somewhat preserved psychomotor development and bulbar symptoms[symptoma.com] Common problems in juvenile and adult forms of Alexander disease include speech abnormalities, swallowing difficulties, seizures, and poor coordination.[kennedykrieger.org] Common problems in juvenile and adult forms of Alexander disease include speech abnormalities, swallowing difficulties, seizures, and poor coordination (ataxia).[ghr.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Juvenile Paralysis Agitans of Hunt

    […] abnormalities. 14 patients have been reported, all with onset of the disease before 9 years of age and improvement on levodopa therapy whereas at Ug" Fig. 3.[kundoc.com] Major features Resting tremor in hands, arms, legs, jaw, and face Bradykinesia Rigidity- cogwheel or lead-pipe Minor features Bradyphrenia Speech abnormalities Depression[slideplayer.com] Considering only the neurological symptoms our case is most similar to the DRD syndrome first described by Segawa et al. (1971) in 2 patients with dystonic posture and movement[kundoc.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    All Men Women Number of patients 1113 637 476 Mean age (years) SD 60.6 13.65 59.5 13.9 61.65 12.9 Minimum age (years) 14 14 17 Maximum age (years) 89 89 89 Spinal onset (%[web.archive.org] Patients who present with bulbar symptoms usually present with speech abnormalities and dysphagia.[symptoma.com] ) 67 73.7 56.8 Bulbar onset (%) 33 26.3 43.2 Mean duration (years) 3.6 3.1 4.0 3.8 3.2 2.5 Table 2.[web.archive.org]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 5

    Table 3 Comparison of baseline factors between SARA 15 and SARA Sex Female 23 (46.9) 14 (41.2) 0.603 Age onset (years); mean (SD) 42.1 (11.1) 37.5 (11.3) 0.071 Age when exam[bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com] Speech Abnormality- The uncoordinated muscle contraction of tongue and pharynx muscles causes abnormal speech and sound of words.[epainassist.com] Age was also a factor associated with severity of the disease when age at onset was excluded from the analysis (model 2 in Table 4 ).[bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com]

  • Zebra Body Myopathy

    […] is between five and 14 years.[aafp.org] Abnormality of metabolism/homeostasis Babinski sign Dysphagia Tremor Quadriceps muscle atrophy Difficulty running Calf muscle hypertrophy Exercise intolerance Limb muscle[mendelian.co] ., virus, drugs) and autoimmunity. 1 The average age at diagnosis is 40, and almost twice as many women are affected as men. 2 The average age of onset in juvenile dermatomyositis[aafp.org]

  • Autosomal Dominant Spastic Paraplegia Type 31

    Onset before 10 years was identified in 14 patients (16%). Figure 2 Mutation spectrum in SPAST -related hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP).[jnnp.bmj.com] abnormalities, cognitive decline Bradykinesia Dystonia(not specified) TCC Stevanin, et al. [3] FSP870-17 c.733_734delAT, p.M245VfsX246 c.733_734delAT, p.M245VfsX246 25/M[movementdisorders.org] (A) Age at onset (AAO) within families. (B) Correlation between the AAO within families with a regression line.[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Clinical features In cases with insertions of 4 or fewer repeats, the mean age at onset is 62 years (range, 82–52 years) and the duration 6 months (range, 214 months) excluding[doi.org] abnormalities ( Table 1 ).[doi.org] […] presents with rapidly progressive neurological and neuropsychiatric dysfunction, including dementia, visual abnormalities, muscle incoordination and myoclonus, and gait and speech[doi.org]

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