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524 Possible Causes for Onset of Dystonia in Childhood

  • Scoliosis

    Segawa's syndrome or dopa-responsive dystonia is a rare hereditary disorder characterized by progressive dystonia of childhood onset, diurnal fluctuation of symptoms and complete[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    Three siblings had childhood onset of limb dystonia, and slow progression to generalized dystonia with predominant cranio-cervical involvement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It usually begins as limb-onset dystonia in childhood and tends to spread to other sites and has been reported as the most common cause of early onset PTD in Ashkenazi Jews[jkna.org] Childhood- and adolescent-onset primary dystonia is more common in Jews of Eastern European or Ashkenazi ancestry than in other groups.[symptoma.com]

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    DYT12 Dystonia (Rapid-Onset Dystonia Parkinsonism, Allelic to Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood) Associated with ATP1A3 Gene Mutations Rapid-onset dystonia parkinsonism[neupsykey.com] AETIOLOGY: PRIMARY HEREDITARY DYT11 159900 SGCE 7q21 Myoclonic dystonia DYT12 128235 ATP1A3 19q12-q13.2 Rapid onset dystonia parkinsonism and alternating hemiplegia of childhood[vdocuments.net] DYT5 Dystonia (Dopa-Responsive Dystonia or Segawa Syndrome) Dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) is characterized by the triad of childhood-onset dystonia (in the first decade of[neupsykey.com]

  • Anxiety Disorder

    Late-onset forms are sometimes called late-onset Tay-Sachs disease, despite the fact that minimal signs can initially appear during childhood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] GM2 gangliosidosis presents with neurological disorders (peripheral motor involvement, cerebellar ataxia or dystonia) associated with psychiatric signs in 20%-40% of cases[dx.doi.org] GM2 gangliosidosis presents with neurological disorders (peripheral motor involvement, cerebellar ataxia or dystonia) associated with psychiatric signs in 20%–40% of cases[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Biotin-Responsive Basal Ganglia Disease

    dystonia-parkinsonism and alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC).[medworm.com] Unfortunately there's no figure of the pathway available at this moment is a recessive disorder with childhood onset that presents as a subacute encephalopathy, with confusion[treatable-id.org] Abstract Biotin-responsive basal ganglia disease (BBGD) is a recessive disorder with childhood onset that presents as a subacute encephalopathy, with confusion, dysarthria[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    […] age: 15 months to 7 years Movement disorders Dystonia Other (Some patients): Facial dystonia, myoclonus, chorea, dyskinesias Optic atrophy Onset age: Childhood; After dystonia[neuromuscular.wustl.edu] Triceps brachii, Sternocleidomastoid Heterozygotes may have: Exercise intolerance; Myalgias Also see Triglyceride disorders Lipid disorders Fatty Acid Synthesis: Disorder Childhood-Onset[neuromuscular.wustl.edu] […] dehydrogenase Glycine cleavage system FAS pathway Acetyl group: Elongated Growing acyl chains: Bound to an acyl carrier protein (ACP) Lipoic acid disorders: Other Clinical Onset[neuromuscular.wustl.edu]

  • Hereditary Late-Onset Parkinson Disease

    Rapid-onset Dystonia Parkinsonism (RDP) is a rare inherited disorder with onset in childhood or adulthood.[dystonia-parkinsons.org] Dopa-responsive Dystonia (DRD) is a genetic disorder of childhood onset. It affects girls more commonly than boys.[dystonia-parkinsons.org] Secondary Dystonia Myoclonus Dystonia, characterized by variable combinations of dystonia and myoclonus (marked, rapid, lightning-like muscle movements), with onset in childhood[dystonia-parkinsons.org]

  • Parkinson's Disease Type 3

    However, there are specific primary dystonias with childhood or adolescent onset that have been linked to genetic mutations.[aans.org] The majority of early-onset primary dystonias, which may appear during childhood or early adulthood, are due to mutations of a gene known as DYT1.[aans.org] Childhood onset – 0 to age 12 Adolescent onset – age 13 to 20 Adult onset – older than age 20 Focal dystonia is limited to one area of the body and can affect the neck (cervical[aans.org]

  • Epilepsy

    Mutations of the ATP1A3 gene are associated with a wide spectrum of neurological disorders including rapid onset dystonia-parkinsonism and alternating hemiplegia of childhood[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • X-linked Parkinsonism-Spasticity Syndrome

    BPAN (Beta-propeller Protein-associated Neurodegeneration) is an NBIA disorder that is characterized by childhood developmental delay and seizures, with adult-onset movement[nbiacure.org] Dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) or Segawa syndrome: DRD is an autosomal dominant (DYT5a) or recessive disease (DYT5b), which typically presents in childhood and early adolescence[neuroweb.us] 20 - 30 25 - 60 20 - 40 Childhood Chorea Other movement disorders Feeding and gait dystonia, tongue and lip biting, parkinsonism Vocalizations Dystonia, parkinsonism Dystonia[ojrd.biomedcentral.com]

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