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27 Possible Causes for Onset of Scoliosis at Age 2 Years

  • Scoliosis

    […] this surgery with a minimum 2-year follow-up.[] Scoliosis in children is classified by age: 1.) Infantile (0 to 3 years); 2.) Juvenile (3 to 10 years); and 3.)[] Abstract The present study assessed the advantages and disadvantages of growth-friendly spinal instrumentation surgery for early-onset scoliosis in 17 patients who underwent[]

  • Horizontal Gaze Palsy with Progressive Scoliosis

    BACKGROUND: Horizontal gaze palsy with progressive scoliosis (HGPPS) is a rare autosomal recessive congenital anomaly characterized by horizontal gaze limitation and progressive scoliosis. We investigated the underlying pathogenesis by incorporating diffusion tensor imaging and an electrophysiological study. CASE[…][]

  • Unverricht-Lundborg Syndrome

    EPM6 presents with early-onset ataxia (average age 2 years), followed by action myoclonus and seizures later in childhood.[] Independent ambulation is lost in the second decade and affected individuals develop scoliosis by adolescence. Cognition is not usually affected.[]

  • Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy Type 3

    In addition to the PME phenotype predominantly myoclonus and epileptic seizures, there is also early-onset ataxia (average 2 years of age), areflexia, and elevated serum creatine[] Independent ambulation is lost in the second decade, and affected individuals develop scoliosis by adolescence. Their cognition is not usually affected.[]

  • Kyphoscoliosis

    The disease is associated with fever, irritability pain and soft tissue swelling, with onset around the age of 2 months and resolving spontaneously by the age of 2 years.[] However, prenatal disease onset has also been described.[] CAFFEY DISEASE Is also known as infantile cortical hyperostosis Related symptoms: Short stature Scoliosis Pain Fever Abnormality of the skeletal system SOURCES: OMIM MESH[]

  • Chest Wall Disorder

    PubMed Google Scholar Gillingham BL, Fan RA, Akbarnia BA: Early onset idiopathic scoliosis. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2006, 14 (2): 101-112.[] View Article PubMed Google Scholar Dimeglio A: Growth of the spine before age 5 years. J Paediatr Orthop. 1993, B1: 102-107.[]

  • Legius Syndrome

    Investigations: o Platelet count and blood sugar: normal; o Wrist X-ray: delayed bone age (2 years delay); o low basal GH (1.82 ng/ml) with no Insulin stimulation (8.02 ng[] No puberty onset. Easy bruising.[] 4), short/webbed neck with low/trident insertion of hair in the back, abnormal thorax (upper pectus carinatum, lower pectus excavatum, low set nipples), normal spine (no scoliosis[]

  • Distal Myopathy Type 3

    Age of onset of initial symptoms varied between patients: In family A (Fig. 1A ), while patient 6 was symptomatic already at 2 years of age, patients 1, 5 and 7 recall initial[] Patient B3 showed also mild winging of the scapulae and patient B1 had severe scoliosis.[]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    The age of onset was 24.9 /- 15.8 years.[] […] syndrome 2 (3.3%).[] Common associated radiological problems included syringomyelia (60%), scoliosis (25%), and basilarinvagination (12%), increased cervical lordosis 5 (8.5%), and Klippel Feil[]

  • Friedreich Ataxia

    […] arrhythmias. [ 7 ] Onset Usually presents before adolescence, with onset between ages 2-16 years.[] […] ataxia is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, typically with onset before 20 years of age.[] Signs and symptoms include progressive ataxia, ascending weakness and ascending loss of vibration and joint position senses, pes cavus, scoliosis, cardiomyopathy, and cardiac[]

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