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116 Possible Causes for Open Anterior Fontanel

  • Cleidocranial Dysplasia

    The disease is characterized by a persistently open anterior fontanelle and skull sutures, hypoplastic or aplastic clavicles, dental abnormalities, short stature, a wide pubic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She had an open anterior fontanelle, aplastic clavicles, and unerupted permanent teeth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CCD should be suspected in patients with persistence of the widely open anterior fontanels and sutures, short stature, and poor clavicles, calvarium, or teeth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pyknodysostosis

    Skull X-rays showed widely separated cranial sutures and widely open anterior and posterior fontanel.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Figure 3 Skull X-ray showing obtuse angled mandible, open anterior and posterior fontanelle and non pneumatised sinuses.[dx.doi.org] anterior fontanelle 0004474 Recurrent fractures Increased fracture rate Increased fractures Multiple fractures Multiple spontaneous fractures Varying degree of multiple fractures[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma

    Radiographic examination revealed typical widely separated cranial sutures and an open anterior/posterior fontanel with an obtuse gonial angle, acroosteolysis, and osteosclerosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gorlin-Chaudhry-Moss Syndrome

    anterior fontanel, facial dysmorphisms, and craniosynostosis.[uniprot.org] anterior fontanel, convex and broad nasal ridge, micrognathia, craniosynostosis in some patients, and early death in many (summary by Writzl et al., 2017). (612289) UniProtKB[malacards.org] […] subcutaneous fat tissue, wrinkled skin, an aged appearance since birth, an abnormal scalp hair pattern, sparse hair, hypoplastic distal phalanges with hypoplastic nails, a widely open[uniprot.org]

  • Thyroiditis

    anterior fontanelle, changes in the face habitus, macrocytic anaemia, ascites, and high CPK, creatinine and cholesterol levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] clinical and biochemical exams he showed weight gain, statural growth deceleration, poor movements, sleepy expression, instability while walking, myxoedema, bradycardia, open[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Citrobacter

    The use of cranial ultrasonography is possible in children with an open anterior fontanel, with the abscess appearing as a central hypoechoic region with well-marked borders[scielo.br]

  • CINCA Syndrome

    Upon examination, he was found to be pale, with widely open anterior fontanel, hypotonic, and developmentally delayed.[cags.org.ae]

  • Hydrocephalus

    Children suspected of having hydrocephalus require cranial imaging by CT, MRI, or ultrasonography (if the anterior fontanelle is open).[merckmanuals.com] If the soft spot (anterior fontanelle) is still open, an ultrasound of the head can determine if the head is getting larger due to hydrocephalus.[drugs.com]

  • Hypopituitarism

    He had an open anterior fontanel with no history of prenatal and familial diseases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy with Respiratory Distress Type 1

    Neurological exam has open, flat, anterior fontanelle with profound head lag and “frog-legging” of lower extremities. Deep tendon reflexes cannot be elicited.[pediatricsectionwp.acep.org]

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