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31 Possible Causes for Open Metopic Suture

  • Trigonocephaly

    Welcker's (1, 4) anatomical diagram shows the metopic suture of his patient open.[doi.org] Surgical treatment by opening of the prematurely fused metopic suture and expansion of the anterior cranial base by creating "neosutures" was used to treat three children[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The metopic suture is usually open at birth and normally fuses in the first 12 months of life.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Cloverleaf Skull Syndrome

    Cranio-facial CT scan with three-dimensional reconstruction: wide open metopic suture with absence of coronal sutures (a, b).[em-consulte.com] Physical examination showed a closed sagittal suture, a laterally fused coronal suture, and open temporal, metopic, and lambdoid sutures ( Figures 1-3 ).[consultant360.com] sutures, which are marked by bulging of the cerebrum through an open sagittal suture or, in some cases, through patent squamosal sutures.[pocketdentistry.com]

  • Papilledema

    Cranial sutures, especially the metopic and sagittal sutures, often close prematurely.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] The lips are prominent and an open mouth with an enlarged tongue is characteristic. The neck is often short.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]

  • FGFR2-Related Bent Bone Dysplasia

    It's a rare disease which normally occurs either in the neonatal PHASE/PERIOD or in babyhood, 1 in 1 000 000 residents is affected. Transmission: Autosomal dominant The gene involved is fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 ("FGFR2") Classified by: IUPHAR ("1809") ENSEMBL ("ENSG00000066468") GENATLAS ("FGFR2") HGNC[…][aidweb.org]

  • Cleidocranial Dysplasia

    We report a 19-year-old woman with opened metopic and sagittal sutures and delayed closure of the anterior fontanelle.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The wide-open metopic suture results in separation of the frontal bones by a metopic groove. The forehead is broad and flat; the cranium is brachycephalic.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical findings Abnormally large, wide-open fontanelles at birth that may remain open throughout life.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Familial Scaphocephaly Syndrome

    Causes The metopic suture is usually open at birth and fusion normally occurs in the first 12 months of life.[skullbaseinstitute.com] Only one suture - the metopic - normally closes during the first few years of life, and the others remain open into adulthood.[craniofacial.vcu.edu] Normal sutures include the metopic (m), coronal (c), sagittal (s), lambdoid (I) and squamosal (sq).[neurosurgery.ufl.edu]

  • Encephalocele

    The patients have an open metopic suture extending widely to the nasal radix producing hypertelorism accompanied by interfrontal herniation of frontal lobes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Isolated Scaphocephaly

    The orientation of the remaining open sutures – the coronal, lambdoid and metopic sutures – can only create bone perpendicular to their axis.[childrens.com] When the sagittal suture is closed the skull can’t widen, so the remaining open sutures must create more bone to make room for the growing brain.[childrens.com] The lack of bone growth at the sagittal suture and extra bone growth at the remaining open sutures makes the head longer and narrower than usual.[childrens.com]

  • Familial Lambdoid Synostosis

    All sutures remain open until adulthood, except for the metopic suture which usually closes between 6 and 12 months of age.[childrens.com] Figure 1: (a) X-ray of the skull with fused metopic suture and hypotelorism (b) intraoperative image showing opening up of the metopic suture and reshaped fronto-orbital bandeau[jclpca.org] Normal sutures include the metopic (m), coronal (c), sagittal (s), lambdoid (I) and squamosal (sq).[neurosurgery.ufl.edu]

  • Isolated Trigonocephaly

    Causes The metopic suture is usually open at birth and fusion normally occurs in the first 12 months of life.[skullbaseinstitute.com] suture,craniosynostosis Salahiddine Saghir et al.[panafrican-med-journal.com] Premature fusion of the metopic suture compromises the transverse growth of the forehead which causes a triangular shaped forehead that is associated with orbital hypotelorism[skullbaseinstitute.com]

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