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18 Possible Causes for Ophthalmoplegia, Vestibular Hyporeflexia

  • Thiamine Deficiency

    Although WE is a medical emergency, it is sometimes overlooked because most patients with WE do not exhibit all of the typical symptoms, including delirium, ataxia, and ophthalmoplegia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Wernicke encephalopathy altered mental state ophthalmoplegia with horizontal nystagmus ataxia and vestibular dysfunction fever and vomiting may be present Korsakoff encephalopathy[lifeinthefastlane.com] Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome: refers to 2 different syndromes: § Wernicke's encephalopathy is an acute syndrome, characterized by the triad of ocular findings (nystagmus or ophthalmoplegia[errolozdalga.com]

  • Cerebellar Ataxia with Peripheral Neuropathy Type 2

    Most of the patients manifested with the typical clinical features of SCA2 such as cerebellar ataxia, ophthalmoplegia, slow saccade and hyporeflexia.[cjcnn.org] The difference in proportions test revealed a significant difference between bilateral vestibular hyporeflexia and the absence of rotational nystagmus (p 0.0138*).[tinnitusjournal.com] DRPLA 17 Movement disorders Chorea DRPLA, 17 1 (Late stage) Myoclonus DRPLA 2, 19 Tremor 2, 8, 12 15, 21, 27 Parkinsonism 3, 9, 12, 17 2, 21 Dystonia 3 17 Ocular disorders Ophthalmoplegia[neuromuscular.wustl.edu]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 4

    III — Atrophy III, Olivopontocerebellar — Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy IIIs — Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia, Type II — OPCA with Macular Degeneration and External Ophthalmoplegia[mesh.kib.ki.se] The difference in proportions test revealed a significant difference between bilateral vestibular hyporeflexia and the absence of rotational nystagmus (p 0.0138*).[tinnitusjournal.com] Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease which is characterised by: ataxia ophthalmoplegia variable degrees of motor weakness The onset[gpnotebook.co.uk]

  • Familial Progressive Vestibulocochlear Dysfunction

    Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia (ADCA) type I included ophthalmoplegia, optic atrophy, dementia and extrapyramidal features.[neuroophthalmology.ca] Vestibular testing showed hyporeflexia with unilateral caloric weakness of the left labyrinth (slow-phase velocity at culmination of caloric nystagmus response of 15 /s to[doi.org] Test for slow vertical saccades, square wave jerks, or complete ophthalmoplegia.[35] Usually the downgaze is affected first in PSP.[eyewiki.aao.org]

  • Autosomal Recessive Deafness 84B

    Symptoms such as ataxia, seizures, hypotonia, myopathy, ophthalmoplegia, optic atrophy, cardiomyopathy, retinopathy and endocrinopathies often occur in mitochondrial diseases[academic.oup.com] Vestibular examinations show evidence for vestibular hyporeflexia.[repository.ubn.ru.nl] […] severe hyporeflexia or unilateral caloric areflexia.[academic.oup.com]

  • Congenital Deafness

    Symptoms such as ataxia, seizures, hypotonia, myopathy, ophthalmoplegia, optic atrophy, cardiomyopathy, retinopathy and endocrinopathies often occur in mitochondrial diseases[bmb.oxfordjournals.org] […] severe hyporeflexia or unilateral caloric areflexia.[bmb.oxfordjournals.org] The progression of vestibular involvement was clearly documented and vestibular areflexia was found from the age of 47 years onwards, whereas younger individuals showed either[bmb.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Hypoglycemic Encephalopathy

    […] regenerate NADH) CLINICAL FEATURES Dry Beri-Beri bilateral, peripheral sensory and motor neuropathy with weakness and hyporeflexia Wernicke encephalopathy altered mental state ophthalmoplegia[lifeinthefastlane.com] O Wernicke’s encephalopathy – triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and confusion. O Triad – minority of cases. O Ocular findings – earliest and most constant.[slideshare.net] Statistical significance was P 0.0001 for all except progressive external ophthalmoplegia ( P 0.0002) and heart failure ( P 0.0046).[academic.oup.com]

  • Autosomal Dominant Deafness 11

    DRPLA 17 Movement disorders Chorea DRPLA, 17 1 (Late stage) Myoclonus DRPLA 2, 19 Tremor 2, 8, 12 15, 21, 27 Parkinsonism 3, 9, 12, 17 2, 21 Dystonia 3 17 Ocular disorders Ophthalmoplegia[neuromuscular.wustl.edu] […] severe hyporeflexia or unilateral caloric areflexia.[academic.oup.com] Abstract Favorites PDF Get Content & Permissions Open Optical coherence tomography findings in chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia Wu, Yuan; Kang, Lei; Wu, Hai-Long[cmj.org]

  • Neurilemmoma

    Adolescent; Blepharoptosis; Child; Child, Preschool; Cranial Nerve Neoplasms Diagnosis, Differential Humans; Intracranial Aneurysm; Male; Neurilemmoma; Oculomotor Nerve; Ophthalmoplegia[collections.lib.utah.edu] , or vestibular hyporeflexia.[scielo.br] . • Physicians should never neglect signs or symptoms indicative of vestibular schwannoma, particularly sensorineural hearing loss (regardless of frequency), unilateral tinnitus[scielo.br]

  • Autosomal Recessive Deafness 76

    […] renal dysfunction, Bartter syndrome AR 10 20 BTD Biotinidase deficiency AR 170 247 C10ORF2 Perrault syndrome, Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, Progressive external ophthalmoplegia[blueprintgenetics.com] […] severe hyporeflexia or unilateral caloric areflexia.[academic.oup.com] Recessive POLG mutations presenting with sensory and ataxic neuropathy in compound heterozygote patients with progressive external ophthalmoplegia.[cerebellumandataxias.biomedcentral.com]

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