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156 Possible Causes for Optic Disc Pallor, Papilledema

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    Clinical findings included papilledema in the right eye and optic atrophy in the left eye. A diagnosis of Foster Kennedy syndrome was made.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The original description of the Foster Kennedy syndrome included the clinical triad of optic disc pallor in one eye, optic disc edema in the other eye, and reduced olfaction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] which an anterior intracranial mass directly compresses the ipsilateral optic nerve, causing atrophy, and increases intracranial pressure, which results in contralateral papilledema[cmaj.ca]

  • Optic Neuritis

    At later stages the disk margins are blurred and may be slightly elevated simulating papilledema.[icd9data.com] Bilateral optic neuritis occurred in 10. Optic disc pallor was found in 35%, edema in 46%, and 19% had normal fundus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] At later stages the disk margins are blurred and may be slightly elevated simulating papilledema. Refs: vaugn, d and asbury, t: general ophthamology, 8th edition, 1977.[icd10data.com]

  • Papilledema

    Chronic papilledema may lead to blindness.[symptoma.com] Atropic Papilledema  Onset of optic disc pallor (secondary optic atrophy) .  Decrease in disc haemorrhage.  Narrowing of blood vessels and their ensheating.  Optic disc[slideshare.net] disc elevation and blurred margins, but no hemorrhages or cotton wool spots In atrophic phase (optic nerve axons have died), optic disc shows mixture of pallor and swelling[kellogg.umich.edu]

  • Optic Papillitis

    Because increased intracranial pressure can cause both papilledema and a sixth (abducens) nerve palsy, papilledema can be differentiated from papillitis if esotropia and loss[en.wikipedia.org] Normal or swollen optic disc; disc pallor occurs later (4-6 weeks after onset). Visual field defect - any type. Normal macula and peripheral retina.[patient.info] Right fundus showed mild disc pallor with full cup and blurred margins suggestive of papillitis developing secondary optic atrophy [Figure - 1].[ijo.in]

  • Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndrome

    Six patients (46%) had papilledema and a further 2 (15%) had optic disc pallor. MRI brain scan was normal in all patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A slit lamp exam versus ophthalmoscopy may reveal papilledema, uveitis, and/or subcorneal infiltrates. Bony overgrowth of the knees may be present.[rheumatologyadvisor.com] With regards to the latter, headaches, vomiting and seizures as well as papilledema are most commonly registered.[symptoma.com]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    This article reviews the treatment of papilledema-related visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri syndrome, one of the most common causes of papilledema encountered by neurologists[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] pallor in the presence of continuing swelling 24, 25 (Fig. 3 ).[dx.doi.org] When papilledema is absent, the diagnosis becomes less clear.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Intracranial Hypertension

    This article reviews the treatment of papilledema-related visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri syndrome, one of the most common causes of papilledema encountered by neurologists[journals.lww.com] […] of the optic disc & Temporal field defects Thecoperitoneal shunt Follow up was done for at least 6 months up to 2 years time.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Answer 1 The disc swelling in papilledema is the result of axoplasmic flow stasis in the area of the optic disc.[racgp.org.au]

  • Acute Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Introduction Focal spasms followed by progressive sclerosis and narrowing of retinal vessels Results in flame hemorrhage from vessel rupture, formation of exudates, and papilledema[medbullets.com] Figures 1: Color photo montage of the right eye showing optic disc pallor.[westcoastretina.com] Note the associated disc edema and pallor.[entokey.com]

  • Optic Disc Drusen

    The detection of soft exudates and peripapillary hemorrhage is more likely with papilledema. Furthermore, a spontaneous venous pulsation is absent in papilledema.[synapse.koreamed.org] Deeply buried ODD may be associated with NAION causing irreversible visual loss and optic disc pallor, a condition easily mistaken for atypical ON.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Here we present an infant case of Joubert Syndrome referred with papilledema and diagnosed with optic disc drusen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Optic Atrophy

    […] which an anterior intracranial mass directly compresses the ipsilateral optic nerve, causing atrophy, and increases intracranial pressure, which results in contralateral papilledema[cmaj.ca] CONCLUSIONS: Deeply buried ODD may be associated with NAION causing irreversible visual loss and optic disc pallor, a condition easily mistaken for atypical ON.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 151 glaucoma eyes (13.2%) (12 prior intraocular surgery, 5 uveitis, 3 primary retinopathy) and 6 of 76 nonglaucomatous optic atrophy eyes (7.9%) (1 retinal vasculitis, 3 papilledema[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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