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55 Possible Causes for Optic Disc Pallor, Papilledema, Visual Field Test Abnormal

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    […] which an anterior intracranial mass directly compresses the ipsilateral optic nerve, causing atrophy, and increases intracranial pressure, which results in contralateral papilledema[cmaj.ca] The original description of the Foster Kennedy syndrome included the clinical triad of optic disc pallor in one eye, optic disc edema in the other eye, and reduced olfaction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An 11-year-old boy with a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma developed optic disc pallor in one eye and optic disc edema in the other eye (Foster Kennedy Syndrome [FKS])[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Optic Atrophy

    Similar Codes ICD-9 Code ICD-9 Description 377.00 Papilledema, unspecified 377.01 Papilledema associated with increased intracranial pressure 377.02 Papilledema associated[healthprovidersdata.com] Learning assessment Facilitate case discussion to achieve learning objectives Clinical skills can be tested via practicum of visual field, OCT and fundus photography Knowledge[journal.opted.org] Differential Diagnosis Optic atrophy versus other causes of optic disc pallor: • Pallor of optic disc in partial optic atrophy must be differentiated from other causes of[slideshare.net]

  • Papilledema

    Chronic papilledema may lead to blindness.[symptoma.com] Visual fields can be tested more formally by an ophthalmologist using vision grids.[drugs.com] Atropic Papilledema  Onset of optic disc pallor (secondary optic atrophy) .  Decrease in disc haemorrhage.  Narrowing of blood vessels and their ensheating.  Optic disc[slideshare.net]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    This article reviews the treatment of papilledema-related visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri syndrome, one of the most common causes of papilledema encountered by neurologists[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Visual field tests were normal in four eyes.[nature.com] pallor in the presence of continuing swelling 24, 25 (Fig. 3 ).[bmb.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Neuromyelitis Optica

    Two patients who presented with clinical optic neuritis also had abnormal VEPs and optic disc pallor.[archneur.ama-assn.org] Patient 1 had severe optic disc pallor and severely abnormal VEP (P100 latency not reproducible) before mitoxantrone treatment; no post–mitoxantrone treatment data were available[archneur.ama-assn.org]

  • Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma

    […] of optic disc Perimetry: visual field testing to detect blind spots in the visual field Therapy Indication: IOP 25 mm Hg Conservative ( first-line ) : topical prostaglandins[amboss.com] The cup to disc ratio was 0.35 round OD and 0.45H/0.40V OS, without pallor OU. Temporal and inferior-temporal thinning was noted on the optic disc OS.[journal.opted.org] […] appearing anterior chamber angle Tonometry : measure IOP (standard values range between 10–21 mm Hg) Gonioscopy : to rule out angle-closure glaucoma Fundoscopy : cupping and pallor[amboss.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    The evolution of temporal optic disc pallor (arrow) after left optic neuritis.[emedicine.com] At that time, symptoms and signs of right-sided sensory disturbance together with a history of uniocular central visual loss and, on fundoscopy, pallor of both optic discs[medicalcannabis.it] During this time, patients develop optic atrophy, with temporal optic disc pallor (see image below).[emedicine.com]

  • Chiasmal Syndrome

    Can also cause Foster Kennedy syndrome (unilateral papilledema b/c of optic atrophy in one eye). What are some non-tumor causes of chiasmal syndrome?[quizlet.com] This can be tested easily at bedside. Visual fields The hallmark abnormality associated with chiasmal compression is a bitemporal superior quadrantanopsia.[emedicine.medscape.com] Figure 1: Humphrey automated static perimetry shows complete bitemporal hemianopia Click here to view Figure 2: (a) Fundus photography showing optic disc pallor in the left[ijo.in]

  • Optic Neuropathy

    Vascularity loss was analyzed using ImageJ software in diseased eyes in comparison to normal fellow eyes and eyes with papilledema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] With this information, it is possible to correlate the degree of slimming within these layers to abnormalities in the visual fields.[frontiersin.org] , and (f) development of optic disc pallor, usually within 6-8 weeks.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu]

  • Optic Neuritis

    At later stages the disk margins are blurred and may be slightly elevated simulating papilledema.[icd9data.com] Visual field testing showed extensive field loss in the left eye of no typical pattern. Repeat CT scan did not reveal any new abnormalities.[nature.com] Bilateral optic neuritis occurred in 10. Optic disc pallor was found in 35%, edema in 46%, and 19% had normal fundus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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