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55 Possible Causes for Optic Disc Pallor, Papilledema, Visual Field Test Abnormal

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    […] which an anterior intracranial mass directly compresses the ipsilateral optic nerve, causing atrophy, and increases intracranial pressure, which results in contralateral papilledema[] The original description of the Foster Kennedy syndrome included the clinical triad of optic disc pallor in one eye, optic disc edema in the other eye, and reduced olfaction[] An 11-year-old boy with a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma developed optic disc pallor in one eye and optic disc edema in the other eye (Foster Kennedy Syndrome [FKS])[]

  • Primary Optic Atrophy

    Similar Codes ICD-9 Code ICD-9 Description 377.00 Papilledema, unspecified 377.01 Papilledema associated with increased intracranial pressure 377.02 Papilledema associated[] Learning assessment Facilitate case discussion to achieve learning objectives Clinical skills can be tested via practicum of visual field, OCT and fundus photography Knowledge[] Differential Diagnosis Optic atrophy versus other causes of optic disc pallor: • Pallor of optic disc in partial optic atrophy must be differentiated from other causes of[]

  • Papilledema

    Chronic papilledema may lead to blindness.[] Visual fields can be tested more formally by an ophthalmologist using vision grids.[] Atropic Papilledema  Onset of optic disc pallor (secondary optic atrophy) .  Decrease in disc haemorrhage.  Narrowing of blood vessels and their ensheating.  Optic disc[]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    This article reviews the treatment of papilledema-related visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri syndrome, one of the most common causes of papilledema encountered by neurologists[] Visual field tests were normal in four eyes.[] pallor in the presence of continuing swelling 24, 25 (Fig. 3 ).[]

  • Neuromyelitis Optica

    Two patients who presented with clinical optic neuritis also had abnormal VEPs and optic disc pallor.[] Patient 1 had severe optic disc pallor and severely abnormal VEP (P100 latency not reproducible) before mitoxantrone treatment; no post–mitoxantrone treatment data were available[]

  • Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma

    […] of optic disc Perimetry: visual field testing to detect blind spots in the visual field Therapy Indication: IOP 25 mm Hg Conservative ( first-line ) : topical prostaglandins[] The cup to disc ratio was 0.35 round OD and 0.45H/0.40V OS, without pallor OU. Temporal and inferior-temporal thinning was noted on the optic disc OS.[] […] appearing anterior chamber angle Tonometry : measure IOP (standard values range between 10–21 mm Hg) Gonioscopy : to rule out angle-closure glaucoma Fundoscopy : cupping and pallor[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    The evolution of temporal optic disc pallor (arrow) after left optic neuritis.[] At that time, symptoms and signs of right-sided sensory disturbance together with a history of uniocular central visual loss and, on fundoscopy, pallor of both optic discs[] During this time, patients develop optic atrophy, with temporal optic disc pallor (see image below).[]

  • Chiasmal Syndrome

    Can also cause Foster Kennedy syndrome (unilateral papilledema b/c of optic atrophy in one eye). What are some non-tumor causes of chiasmal syndrome?[] This can be tested easily at bedside. Visual fields The hallmark abnormality associated with chiasmal compression is a bitemporal superior quadrantanopsia.[] Figure 1: Humphrey automated static perimetry shows complete bitemporal hemianopia Click here to view Figure 2: (a) Fundus photography showing optic disc pallor in the left[]

  • Optic Neuropathy

    Vascularity loss was analyzed using ImageJ software in diseased eyes in comparison to normal fellow eyes and eyes with papilledema.[] With this information, it is possible to correlate the degree of slimming within these layers to abnormalities in the visual fields.[] , and (f) development of optic disc pallor, usually within 6-8 weeks.[]

  • Optic Neuritis

    At later stages the disk margins are blurred and may be slightly elevated simulating papilledema.[] Visual field testing showed extensive field loss in the left eye of no typical pattern. Repeat CT scan did not reveal any new abnormalities.[] Bilateral optic neuritis occurred in 10. Optic disc pallor was found in 35%, edema in 46%, and 19% had normal fundus.[]

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