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66 Possible Causes for Optic Disc Pallor, Scotoma, Visual Field Test Abnormal

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    The classical description of this rare condition, Foster-Kennedy syndrome, consists of four elements: ipsilateral optic nerve atrophy, contralateral papilledema, central scotoma[] The original description of the Foster Kennedy syndrome included the clinical triad of optic disc pallor in one eye, optic disc edema in the other eye, and reduced olfaction[] Foster Kennedy syndrome is a very rare syndrome which includes ipsilateral optic atrophy and central scotoma, anosmia, contralateral papilledema, and, occasionally, ipsilateral[]

  • Glaucoma

    , nasal steps, altitudinal scotomas, focal defects e.g. paracentral scotomas (2) optic disc changes - localised or generalised thinning of the neuroretinal rim, enlargement[] (The visual field is the area of space a person can see at a given instant without moving the eyes.) These abnormalities may be an early sign of disease.[] disc pallor in humans. 1 - 5 Current pathophysiologic concepts of early glaucoma are based primarily on experimentally induced elevations of ocular pressure in laboratory[]

  • Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

    The central scotoma gradually improved, and the visual acuity had recovered to 0.3 in August 2007.[] Fundoscopic examination showed hyperemic papilla on the right eye and optic disc pallor on the left eye.[] After subsequent development of bilateral optic disc pallor, we concluded that the patient had LHON. mtDNA analysis was conducted using non-radioisotopic single-strand conformational[]

  • Chiasmal Syndrome

    Visual field defects varied from complete monocular blindness and contralateral temporal hemianopia to subtle bitemporal arcuate scotomas.[] This can be tested easily at bedside. Visual fields The hallmark abnormality associated with chiasmal compression is a bitemporal superior quadrantanopsia.[] Figure 1: Humphrey automated static perimetry shows complete bitemporal hemianopia Click here to view Figure 2: (a) Fundus photography showing optic disc pallor in the left[]

  • Occipital Lobe Tumor

    Scotoma The Peristriate region of the occipital lobe is involved in visuospatial processing, discrimination of movement and color discrimination.[] With maturity, more rigorous computerized visual field tests are possible.[] […] location at the back of the brain, although any significant trauma to the brain could produce subtle changes to our visual-perceptual system, such as visual field defects and scotomas[]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    Visual field tests were normal in four eyes.[] Visual symptoms: Visual obscurations, persistent blurring, or scotomas are reported by 30 to 70 % of patients.[] pallor in the presence of continuing swelling 24, 25 (Fig. 3 ).[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    In NMO patients, 33% of patients showed both central scotoma and non-central scotoma, and 13% of patients showed non-central scotoma every time.[] The evolution of temporal optic disc pallor (arrow) after left optic neuritis.[] At that time, symptoms and signs of right-sided sensory disturbance together with a history of uniocular central visual loss and, on fundoscopy, pallor of both optic discs[]

  • Optic Neuropathy

    The ocular manifestations of EON include painless loss of central vision and cecocentral scotomas in the visual field.[] Two months later, VA was 20/20 OD and hand motions OS, with relative afferent pupillary defect and a pallor of the optic disc in OS.[] A temporal defect and a small fenestration of centrocecal scotoma were evident in the right eye and a large fenestration of centrocecal scotoma and nasal defect were noted[]

  • Retrobulbar Neuritis

    It was characterized by decreased visual acuity, mid dilated pupil with sluggish reaction, normal optic disc and central scotoma in Humphrey visual field.[] For this same reason the difference between perceptual delays for two sites in the visual field (T s) may also be abnormal.[] Loss of colour vision and optic disc pallor are commonly found in asymptomatic patients with dominant optic atrophy.[]

  • Primary Optic Atrophy

    OS Orthophoric None 2 20/50 20/40 9 9 Mild temporal pallor OU Small central scotomas OU Orthophoric with DVD OU Small amplitude horizontal pendular 3 20/200 20/200 5 5 Small[] Optic disc pallor is one of the defining characteristics of Dominant Optic Atropy.[] Conclusions: The clinical diagnosis of LHON is strengthened by a proven maternal inheritance and clinical signs such as a severe decrease in visual acuity, central or centrocecal scotomas[]

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