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1,338 Possible Causes for Optic Disc Pallor, Spastic Dystonia, Visual Field Test Abnormal

  • Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

    Fundoscopic examination showed hyperemic papilla on the right eye and optic disc pallor on the left eye.[] A MELAS-associated ND1 mutation causing leber hereditary optic neuropathy and spastic dystonia.[] After subsequent development of bilateral optic disc pallor, we concluded that the patient had LHON. mtDNA analysis was conducted using non-radioisotopic single-strand conformational[]

  • Primary Optic Atrophy

    Optic disc pallor is one of the defining characteristics of Dominant Optic Atropy.[] Other patients have minor neurologic abnormalities, such as a postural tremor, loss of ankle reflexes, dystonia, spasticity, or a multiple sclerosis–like illness.[] F igure 1. ( A ) Right optic disc of patient 6 with diffuse pallor and nerve fiber layer loss. ( B ) Left optic disc of patient 14 with wedge-shaped temporal pallor reminiscent[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    The evolution of temporal optic disc pallor (arrow) after left optic neuritis.[] It is part of the upper motor neurone syndrome manifesting as increased tone, clonus, spasms, spastic dystonia and co-contractions.[] At that time, symptoms and signs of right-sided sensory disturbance together with a history of uniocular central visual loss and, on fundoscopy, pallor of both optic discs[]

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    The original description of the Foster Kennedy syndrome included the clinical triad of optic disc pallor in one eye, optic disc edema in the other eye, and reduced olfaction[] An 11-year-old boy with a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma developed optic disc pallor in one eye and optic disc edema in the other eye (Foster Kennedy Syndrome [FKS])[] The right optic nerve head showed less disc edema but the optic disc pallor became evident at this time [Figure 2] a.[]

    Missing: Spastic Dystonia
  • Chiasmal Syndrome

    This can be tested easily at bedside. Visual fields The hallmark abnormality associated with chiasmal compression is a bitemporal superior quadrantanopsia.[] Figure 1: Humphrey automated static perimetry shows complete bitemporal hemianopia Click here to view Figure 2: (a) Fundus photography showing optic disc pallor in the left[] As mentioned prior, visual field testing may reveal superior bitemporal visual field defects that do not respect the vertical meridian.[]

    Missing: Spastic Dystonia
  • Glaucoma

    (The visual field is the area of space a person can see at a given instant without moving the eyes.) These abnormalities may be an early sign of disease.[] disc pallor in humans. 1 - 5 Current pathophysiologic concepts of early glaucoma are based primarily on experimentally induced elevations of ocular pressure in laboratory[] Ophthalmological examination revealed 0.15 Snellen visual acuity, and fundoscopy revealed nearly total cupping and pallor of the optic disc and multiple retinal hemorrhagic[]

    Missing: Spastic Dystonia
  • Migraine

    (CD), headache, and adult spasticity.[] […] cervical dystonia, adult spasticity, and headache: Report of the blepharospasm, cervical dystonia, adult spasticity, and headache: Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee[] (CD), spasticity, and headache—prompted this update.[]

    Missing: Optic Disc Pallor
  • Papilledema

    Visual fields can be tested more formally by an ophthalmologist using vision grids.[] Atropic Papilledema  Onset of optic disc pallor (secondary optic atrophy) .  Decrease in disc haemorrhage.  Narrowing of blood vessels and their ensheating.  Optic disc[] disc elevation and blurred margins, but no hemorrhages or cotton wool spots In atrophic phase (optic nerve axons have died), optic disc shows mixture of pallor and swelling[]

    Missing: Spastic Dystonia
  • Open Angle Glaucoma

    Your doctor also may use a variety of non-invasive laser technologies to examine the optic nerve in your eye and perform a visual field test to detect abnormalities in your[] […] and substantial pallor of the optic nerve head.[] Standard increment threshold fields and high-pass resolution visual fields had an agreement of abnormality of 67%.[]

    Missing: Spastic Dystonia
  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    […] of optic disc and optical coherence tomography showed an atrophy of temporal retinal nerve fiber layer Click here to view Discussion LC, also referred to as carcinomatous[] Visual field in automated perimetry test showed a cecocentral scotoma after 6 months of treatment Click here to view Figure 4: After 6 months of treatment, he had a temporal pallor[]

    Missing: Spastic Dystonia

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