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635 Possible Causes for Orthopnea

  • Pneumonia

    There are separate articles on Aspiration Pneumonia , Pneumocystis Jirovecii Pneumonia and Lower Respiratory Tract Infection in Children . Pneumonia is characterised by acute inflammation with an intense infiltration of neutrophils in and around the alveoli and the terminal bronchioles. The affected bronchopulmonary[…][]

  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    […] alveolar septae more common in middle-aged men, possibly related to collagen vascular disease, with positive 'rheumatoid' serology Clinical Aggressive–rapid onset of dyspnea, orthopnea[]

  • Lung Abscess

    There was no history of orthopnea or Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea.[]

  • Pleural Effusion

    ( Pneumonia , empyema, Tb, malignancy, abdominal abscess) Pulmonary Hemoptysis (malignancy, PE, Tb) Cardiovascular Increased Jugular Venous Pressure (CHF, Pericarditis ) Orthopnea[] […] anxiety fear of suffocation fever malaise, which is general feeling of discomfort or illness If shortness of breath, or dyspnea, gets worse when you lie down, it is called orthopnea[]

  • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

    Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110029, India History: A 23 year old male presented with increasing dyspnea, abdominal distension, pedal edema and orthopnea[] When the legs are elevated at night, the fluid redistributes centrally causing pulmonary edema resulting in orthopnea (dyspnea while laying flat) or paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea[]

  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency

    There are the symptoms: Shortness of breath after physical exertion Orthopnea (gain or the appearance of dyspnea in the horizontal position) Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Increase[] Signs of acute left heart failure — including severe dyspnea, even at rest, orthopnea and PND — arise. Hypotension, flash pulmonary edema and shock can also occur.[] When the legs are elevated at night, the fluid redistributes centrally, causing pulmonary edema that results in orthopnea (dyspnea while lying flat) or paroxysmal nocturnal[]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    The pressure from the outside causes the blood to pool back and accumulate in the lungs which causes the symptoms of orthopnea and dyspnea.[] If pericardial effusion symptoms do occur, they might include: Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing (dyspnea) Discomfort when breathing while lying down (orthopnea)[] These include: Shortness of breath (or dyspnea) Difficulty breathing in a lying down position (orthopnea) Chest pain: This pain is usually located right behind the sternum[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    […] with no orthopnea.[] Orthopnea describes shortness of breath while lying flat.[] Two weeks later, her shortness of breath, orthopnea, and lower extremity edema resolved and furosemide was discontinued.[]

  • Malignant Ascites

    Clinical findings Abdominal distension, weight gain, indigestion, dyspnea, orthopnea, tachypnoea, intestinal obstruction with nausea, vomiting.[] […] production Etiology Ovarian, breast, gastric, pancreatic, hepatic, colorectal CA, lymphoma, mesothelioma Clinical Abdominal distension, weight gain, indigestion, dyspnea, orthopnea[]

  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency

    Patients may be asymptomatic or may have manifestations like fatigue caused by reduced cardiac output, tachypnea or dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and hemoptysis[] […] may lead to papillary muscle dysfunction), significant acute mitral regurgitation (MR) is accompanied by symptoms of impaired LV function, such as dyspnea, fatigue, and orthopnea[] […] symptoms When associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) and acute myocardial infarction (MI), significant acute MR is accompanied by the following symptoms: Dyspnea Fatigue Orthopnea[]

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