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489 Possible Causes for Orthopnea

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  • Pneumonia

    Author affiliations: Author affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA Cite This Article This month, on November 12, the world will recognize the fourth annual World Pneumonia Day. First launched in 2009 by a coalition of global health leaders ( 1 ), World Pneumonia Day aims to raise[…][]

  • Acute Bronchitis

    CHF Patients with CHF may cough but also have other symptoms and signs such as dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, rales on lung examination, peripheral edema, raised jugular[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    […] are often noted during normal pregnancies, the potential for PPCMP should be considered if these symptoms are excessive and/or comorbid paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and orthopnea[] Associated symptoms included cough, weakness, expectoration of froth, chest discomfort, orthopnea, wheezing, hemoptysis, and dizziness.[] […] with no orthopnea.[]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    If pericardial effusion symptoms do occur, they might include: Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing (dyspnea) Discomfort when breathing while lying down (orthopnea)[] The pressure from the outside causes the blood to pool back and accumulate in the lungs which causes the symptoms of orthopnea and dyspnea.[] These include: Shortness of breath (or dyspnea) Difficulty breathing in a lying down position (orthopnea) Chest pain: This pain is usually located right behind the sternum[]

  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    […] alveolar septae more common in middle-aged men, possibly related to collagen vascular disease, with positive 'rheumatoid' serology Clinical Aggressive–rapid onset of dyspnea, orthopnea[]

  • Pleural Effusion

    […] condition that has caused the effusion.Symptoms of pleural effusion include: Chest pain Dry, nonproductive cough Dyspnea (shortness of breath, or difficult, labored breathing) Orthopnea[]

  • Mitral Valve Stenosis

    Reduced cardiac output characteristically produces fatigue, dyspnea, orthopnea, and cyanosis. Surgical correction of the defective valve may be necessary.[] As stenosis intensifies Dyspnea may be encountered at rest and may evolve to include orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.[]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    In advanced cases, the patient must sit up in order to breathe ( orthopnea ).[] In fact, some physicians will ask patients to use terms such as ‘2 pillow’ or ‘3 pillow’ orthopnea to differentiate how severe their congestion is.[] Clinical features Rapid exacerbation of symptoms of HF (see symptoms of left heart failure and symptoms of right heart failure ) Pulmonary edema with: Acute, severe dyspnea and orthopnea[]

  • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

    Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110029, India History: A 23 year old male presented with increasing dyspnea, abdominal distension, pedal edema and orthopnea[] When the legs are elevated at night, the fluid redistributes centrally causing pulmonary edema resulting in orthopnea (dyspnea while laying flat) or paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old woman presented to the ED with a 2-month history of shortness of breath, dyspnea on exertion, decreased exercise tolerance, and orthopnea.[] Abstract A 31-year-old woman complained of dyspnea and orthopnea at 38 weeks of gestation.[] Later on orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea also develop. Later on dyspnea occurs even at rest. Orthopnea refers to breathlessness on lying flat.[]

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