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46 Possible Causes for Orthopnea, Rales, Reversible Airway Obstruction

  • Asthma

    She denied any chest pain, cough, fever, orthopnea, or leg swelling. She was afebrile and normotensive, and her physical examination was unremarkable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bilateral crepitant rales and sibilant rhochi were also detected. In his thoracic computerized tomography, the ground glass areas were noted in both lungs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Asthma is a relatively common condition that is characterized by at least partially reversible inflammation of the airways and reversible airway obstruction due to airway[radiopaedia.org]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Dyspnea, Orthopnea, and Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea. Butterworth Publishers. Archived from the original on 27 April 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2014.[en.wikipedia.org] Chest auscultation revealed decreased breath sounds without rales.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Out of all respiratory diseases COPD is the leading cause of death and is characterized with diffuse non-reversible airway obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    […] are often noted during normal pregnancies, the potential for PPCMP should be considered if these symptoms are excessive and/or comorbid paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and orthopnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, the patient developed pink frothy sputum with diffuse bilateral rales 30 min later after transported to surgical intensive care unit (SICU).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiac Asthma

    Abstract Cardiac asthma has been defined as wheezing, coughing and orthopnea due to congestive heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Obviously with a longer transport time i would hopefully had been able to hear the fine basilar rales after the treatment, but for the future i want a stronger tool set to[emtlife.com] While asthma is a reversible airway obstruction, COPD is irreversible. Sudden exposure to cold, humidity and pollution can precipitate asthma in susceptible individuals.[thehindu.com]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    The patient experienced orthopnea due to congestive heart failure and could not assume any other position.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] No rales were detected because of its paucity of fibrous components in the lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with asthma and reversible airway obstruction were excluded from the trials of beta blockers in heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Heart Failure

    Orthopnea may occur in any condition in which the vital capacity is low. Marked ascites, regardless of its etiology, is an important cause of orthopnea.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] because of an inherited or acquired abnormality of cardiac structure and/or function, develop a constellation of clinical symptoms (dyspnea and fatigue) and signs (edema and rales[web.archive.org] Patients with asthma and reversible airway obstruction were excluded from the trials of beta blockers in heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    If pericardial effusion symptoms do occur, they might include: Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing (dyspnea) Discomfort when breathing while lying down (orthopnea)[mayoclinic.com] Examples of specific underlying causes (some of them potentially reversible) and their treatments include the following: Tumor obstruction (upper airways, bronchus, or superior[cancer.gov] The pressure from the outside causes the blood to pool back and accumulate in the lungs which causes the symptoms of orthopnea and dyspnea.[pericarditispain.info]

  • Acute Bronchitis

    CHF Patients with CHF may cough but also have other symptoms and signs such as dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, rales on lung examination, peripheral edema, raised jugular[online.epocrates.com] Improvements were most pronounced for 'coughing' and 'rales at auscultation'. Tolerability was similarly good in both groups.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ., Jr Pulmonary function tests in acute bronchitis: evidence for reversible airways obstruction. J Fam Practice. 1987;25:251–6. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] Worrall G.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Status Asthmaticus

    . - Upper airway obstruction - Orthopnea Diagnosis- Obtain a CBC count and differential to evaluate for infectious causes (eg, pneumonia, viral infections such as croup),[slideshare.net] Classical signs of consolidation such as egophony, rales, whispered pectoriloquy, dullness to percussion or bronchial breath sounds might be heard.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treatment goals • Reverse airway obstruction • Correct Hypoxemia • Prevent or treat complications like pneumothorax and respiratory arrest 4. Etiology 5.[de.slideshare.net]

  • Pulmonary Emphysema

    . - emphysematous, adj. observations The patient may have dyspnea on exertion or at rest, cough, orthopnea, unequal chest expansion, tachypnea, tachycardia, diminished breath[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] When bronchitis is present, the rales peculiar to that affection are noticed. There is a pronounced accentuation of the pulmonary second sound. Diagnosis .[henriettes-herb.com] Eventually, the small airways in the lung become narrowed and destroyed. Asthma is also characterized by airflow obstruction.[merckmanuals.com]

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