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75 Possible Causes for Orthopnea, T Cell Activation Increased, X-Ray Abnormal

  • Asthma

    There are increased numbers of activated eosinophils, CD25-positive T lymphocytes, and immature macrophages with the phenotypic characteristics of blood monocytes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She denied any chest pain, cough, fever, orthopnea, or leg swelling. She was afebrile and normotensive, and her physical examination was unremarkable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (a) The chest x-ray shows an abnormal distension of the fundus of the stomach.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Cytokines are secreted from the stimulated Tcells to further increase immune activity.[doi.org] Dyspnea, Orthopnea, and Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea. Butterworth Publishers. Archived from the original on 27 April 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2014.[en.wikipedia.org] Chest CT may reveal abnormalities that are not apparent on the chest x-ray and may also suggest coexisting or complicating disorders, such as pneumonia, pneumoconiosis, or[merckmanuals.com]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Role of T and B Cells in ARDS After APC activation, the cells recruit circulating T and B cells to cause inflammatory cascades.[mdpi.com] Dyspnea, Orthopnea, and Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea. Butterworth Publishers. Archived from the original on 27 April 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2014.[en.wikipedia.org] Chest X-rays showed abnormalities in 60–100% of the patients [ 16 ].[em-consulte.com]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    A number of the T cell clones were of CD8 lineage (cytotoxic T cells or natural killer cells), suggesting that these T cells likely participated in the pathogenesis of AVC[doi.org] Other symptoms associated with AS are related to cardiac failure, such as paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, orthopnea, and dyspnea on exertion.[symptoma.com] The physician injects a contrast solution into the artery and takes X-rays to check for blockage and other abnormalities.[wexnermedical.osu.edu]

  • Allergic Asthma

    It is associated with increased IgE, mast cell activation, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), mucus overproduction and remodeling of the airways.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Previously, this pathological trait has been associated with T helper type 2 (Th2) cells.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pericarditis

    Interleukin 2 is the main activator of T lymphocytes, and increased soluble receptors have been detected in patients with active pemphigus vulgaris.[emedicine.medscape.com] There was no chest discomfort, orthopnea or paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. He did not have symptoms of cough, fever, foamy urine, or body weight loss.[casesjournal.biomedcentral.com] Chest X-rays may be normal, but if there is a significant pericardial effusion, the heart shape may be abnormal. It is sometimes described as globular or flask shaped.[emedicinehealth.com]

  • Bacterial Pneumonia

    […] called resident memory T (TRM) cells.[news-medical.net] A chest X-ray can help identify which part of the patient's lung is infected. An X-ray also can show abnormal fluid collections which also can help diagnose pneumonia.[emedicinehealth.com] Chest x-ray. Arterial blood gas (ABG). Sputum culture. Urinalysis. Treatment for Bacterial Pneumonia Antibiotics are the main line of treatment for bacterial pneumonia.[epainassist.com]

  • Hypereosinophilic Syndrome

    […] phenotype. [2, 3] Multiple cytokines stimulate eosinophil production, including IL-3, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and IL-5. [4] In 3 patients with T-cell[emedicine.medscape.com] Patients usually complain of chest pain, dyspnea and orthopnea. HES can also result in widespread hematologic complications.[symptoma.com] A chest x-ray may be done to examine the lungs. A bone marrow biopsy is recommended in patients suspected of having HES.[apfed.org]

  • Hypersensitivity Myocarditis

    T cells with increased CD4/CD8 ratios and activated monocytes and macrophages. [17, 18] Cardiac sarcoidosis.[emedicine.medscape.com] Luke's Medical Center with a 1-month history of progressive dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, and dependent edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , even in the absence of cardiomegaly on chest x-ray." 20 Diagnostic Evaluation Electrocardiogram (ECG).[ahcmedia.com]

  • Uremic Pneumonitis

    There was no increase in the mortality rate (13%) for infants with NEC and red-cell T activation who were managed on the conservative transfusion protocol compared with the[onlinelibrary.wiley.com] Respiratory difficulty appeared on the afternoon of September 20, with orthopnea, cough of a hacking nature and mild cyanosis, unaffected by the admin- istration of oxygen[dokumen.tips] Chest x-ray 3.[cancertherapyadvisor.com]

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