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1,236 Possible Causes for Osteopenia and Osteoporosis, Patient Appears Chronically Ill, Starvation Ketosis

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    ) further magnifies the impact of the malnutrition on the brain, owing to it being in a starvation-illness mode.[] […] and osteoporosis) which results in dry, brittle bones Muscle loss and weakness Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure Edema (swelling) Fainting, fatigue,[] 10] During prolonged food restriction in genetically vulnerable individuals, the ensuing malnutrition perpetuated by the biochemical changes induced by weight loss (ie, ketosis[]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Ethanol also causes structural abnormalities in the liver mitochondria which leads to ketosis superimposed by starvation, chronic malnutrition [ 13, 14 ].[]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    In addition, although alcoholic ketoacidosis can result in profound acidosis, the serum bicarbonate concentration in starvation ketosis is usually not 4 ).[] Starvation ketosis and alcoholic ketoacidosis are distinguished by clinical history and by plasma glucose concentrations that range from mildly elevated (rarely 200 mg/dl)[]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Co‐morbidity such as increased risk of cardiovascular disease ( Sin 2003 ), osteopenia or osteoporosis ( Biskobing 2002 ), metabolic disease ( Marquis 2005 ), cachexia and[]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    […] or osteoporosis at the start of therapy; bone density may worsen after therapy for lymphoma.[ 18 ] References Mudie NY, Swerdlow AJ, Higgins CD, et al.: Risk of second malignancy[] […] tumors.[ 16 ] Successful pregnancies with children born free of congenital abnormalities have been reported in young women after autologous BMT.[ 17 ] Some patients have osteopenia[]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Chronic kidney insufficiency affects a significant number of individuals in the developed countries, particularly the United States. The progressive nature of the disease and a substantial reduction in the quality of life over the period of time are the primary reasons why an early diagnosis is crucial. Anemia,[…][]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Complications of therapy may be seen, such as generalized osteoporosis from steroid usage.[] Large bony erosions and severe osteopenia predispose patients to relatively atraumatic fractures. Long-term steroid use also predisposes patients to avascular necrosis.[]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Leukemia

    Bone damage – Chemotherapy or corticosteroid treatment can lead to osteopenia and osteoporosis – signs of decreased bone density, increasing the risk of fractures.[]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Celiac Disease

    Osteopenia and osteoporosis might cause bone pain for several reasons, including defective calcium transport by the diseased small intestine, vitamin D deficiency, and binding[] Malabsorption of calcium and vitamin D can lead to a softening of the bone (osteomalacia or rickets) in children and a loss of bone density (osteopenia or osteoporosis) in[] Diagnostic testing should also be considered in patients with premature osteopenia or osteoporosis, unexplained iron deficiency anemia, or unexplained liver abnormalities,[]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Crohn's Disease

    Also, there were no apparent differences in risk of developing fissures, fistulas or abscesses; renal calculi; compression fractures or osteopenia/osteoporosis; or sclerosing[] Crohn's disease is also characterized by a hypercoagulable state, osteopenia and osteoporosis, and deficiencies in iron, vitamin B12, and folate, which lead to anemia.[] Interestingly, osteopenia and osteoporosis are leading co-morbidities in IBD patients, even without the use of glucocorticoids [59] – [61].[]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis

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