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16 Possible Causes for Osteopenia and Osteoporosis, Sternal Tenderness

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis

    The prevalences of low BMD, osteopenia, and osteoporosis were significantly higher among AS patients than among controls (19.8%, 62.8%, and 5.7% vs. 4.7%, 33.0%, and 0%, respectively[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Over a long-term period, osteopenia or osteoporosis of the AP spine may occur, causing eventual compression fractures and a back "hump".[tomsterdam.com] Osteopenia and osteoporosis commonly occur, particularly in long-standing persistently active disease, and the risk of vertebral fracture is increased approximately sevenfold[racgp.org.au]

  • Vitamin D Deficiency

    Severe, prolonged vitamin D deficiency causes growth retardation and rickets in children and osteomalacia, osteopenia, and osteoporosis in adults.[bestpractice.bmj.com] It is often associated with decreased bone density such as osteopenia or osteoporosis.[gov.uk] Vitamin D deficiency symptoms in women and men, if left untreated, can lead to serious health problems, including: Osteopenia or osteoporosis Rickets in children Contracting[universityhealthnews.com]

  • Familial Hypophosphatemia

    osteopenia (in 100 percent of patients with celiac disease) Dental enamel defects Short stature Arthritis or arthralgia (central arthritis-sacroiliitis in 63 percent of patients[aafp.org] […] herpetiformis (in 5 percent of patients with celiac disease) Alopecia areata (especially alopecia universalis) Melanosis (chloasma bronzium) Erythema nodosum Skeletal system Osteoporosis[aafp.org]

  • Chronic Acquired Pure Red Cell Aplasia

    General examination : conscious oriented afebrile pallor no icterus/ cyanosis clubbing pedal edema lymphadenopathy sternal tenderness 7.[slideshare.net] Corticosteroid therapy can lead to osteopenia and osteoporosis and infections.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • X-Linked Hypophosphatemia

    X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by renal phosphate wasting and defective bone mineralization. Symptoms include bone pain, joint pain, stiffness, and fatigue. Published evidence regarding the patient experience of XLH is sparse and no XLH-specific outcome measures have been[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hungry Bones Syndrome

    […] dihidroxivitamina D, Osteoporosis, Osteopenia Article To access the full text of the publication Reumatología Clínica (English Edition) you have to be a subscriber or else[reumatologiaclinica.org] Preoperative skeletal radiographs showed subperiosteal bone resorption of the distal phalanges, femoral and spinal osteopenia, and osteoporosis in the radius.[acphospitalist.org] When you don’t get enough calcium, you increase your risk of developing disorders like: osteoporosis osteopenia calcium deficiency disease (hypocalcemia) Children who don’[healthline.com]

  • Sternal Fracture

    Localized sternal tenderness was present in 68 (97.1%), external signs of contusion/ecchymosis in 33 (47.1%), and dyspnea in 10 (14.3%) patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Insufficiency fractures caused by abnormally decreased bone density or weakened bone can occur spontaneously in patients with osteoporosis or osteopenia (particularly in older[emedicine.medscape.com] Acute, severe sternal pain that is worse with respiration with localised tenderness.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Myeloma Kidney

    Edema was noted in 7(27%) patients and sternal tenderness was elicited in 11(42%) cases. Lytic bone lesion was seen in 16(62%) cases.[japi.org] Those patients can generally be watched although if they have evidence of bone loss such as osteopenia or osteoporosis, they may require treatment with drugs to strengthen[berensononcology.com] A person with SMM may be prescribed bisphosphonates for symptoms of osteoporosis or osteopenia and/or a new therapy being studied in a clinical trial.[cancer.net]

  • Dyskeratosis Congenita

    There was no edema, clubbing, icterus, lymphadenopathy or sternal tenderness. Thyroid gland was normal.[e-ijd.org] Osteoporosis and osteopenia have been reported. The contribution of prior treatment and co-morbid conditions to these complications is not known.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spinous Process Fracture

    The sternal division of the sternocleidomastoideus refers pain chiefly to the eyebrow, cheek, tongue, chin, pharynx, throat, and sternum.[chiro.org] These 4 patients did not have a definite diagnosis of osteoporosis but were older than 75 years (2 patients) or had true osteopenia (2 patients, 62 and 68 years of age).[ajnr.org] The cervical and suprascapular areas of the trapezius, usually a few inches lateral to C7, frequently refer pain and deep tenderness to the lateral neck (especially the submastoid[chiro.org]

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