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531 Possible Causes for Pancreatic Calcification

  • Endocrine Dysfunction

    Imoto , M & DiMagno , EP ( 2000 ) Cigarette smoking increases the risk of pancreatic calcification in late-onset but not early-onset idiopathic chronic pancreatitis .[] Kaur , N , Gupta , S & Minocha , VR ( 1996 ) Chronic calcific pancreatitis associated with osteomalacia and secondary hyperparathyroidism .[] Joshi , A , Reddy , SVB , Bhatia , V et al. ( 2011 ) High prevalence of low bone mineral density in patients with tropical calcific pancreatitis .[]

  • Tuberculosis

    Our data hint that calcifications in both pancreatic lesions and peripancreatic lymph nodes may suggest pancreatic tuberculosis rather than pancreatic malignancy.[] Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed a hypodense mass in the pancreatic head and neck with abundant calcifications, a hypodense lesion in the liver without calcification[]

  • Calcific Pancreatitis

    Twenty two of the 50 chronic calcific pancreatitis (CP) patients were diagnosed to have chronic alcoholic calcific pancreatitis (CACP).[] Twenty three patients with chronic calcific pancreatitis of the tropics in Northern India were prospectively studied.[] Key Words Carcinoma pancreas chronic pancreatitis pancreatic calcification This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.[]

  • Hereditary Pancreatitis

    We demonstrate that pancreatic duct abnormalities, not previously described, are present prior to the appearance of the typical pancreatic calcifications of HP.[] During the ensuing years she had recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and chronic pancreatitis with extensive pancreatic calcifications was finally demonstrated.[] In subjects with R122C mutation symptoms, pancreatic calcifications, main pancreatic duct changes, diabetes, steatorrhea, pancreatic cancer and surgery were recorded.[]

  • Pancreatic Pseudocyst

    Few calcifications noted in pancreatic parenchyma.[] We present a very rare case of infeasibility of endoscopic drainage of a postinflammatory pancreatic pseudocyst, impressing the stomach, due to cyst wall calcifications.[] This patient has a chronic pancreatitis. Notice the calcifications in the pancreatic head (curved arrow).[]

  • Chronic Pancreatitis

    […] to marked ductal lesions, endocrine and exocrine insufficiency, pancreatic calcifications, and pancreatic pseudocysts.[] A 64-year-old man with recurrent acute pancreatitis was diagnosed as early CP and later progressed to definite CP with multiple pancreatic calcifications at the age of 69.[] CP patients with DM were more likely to have pancreatic calcifications (63% vs. 54%, P 0.002), atrophy (44% vs. 32%, P 0.0001), and prior pancreas surgery (26.9% vs. 16.9%[]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Unlike recurrent acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis is characterised by reduced pancreatic exocrine function, malabsorption, diabetes, and pancreatic calcifications.[] Worldwide, alcohol is the major risk factor for chronic pancreatitis (70% to 80%).[]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    Table 3 Imaging in acute pancreatitis Modality Pertinent findings Abdominal X-ray Ileus, loss of psoas shadow, sentinel loop, pancreatic calcification, and calcified gallstones[] […] in segment VIII of liver Bilateral minimal pleural effusion Diagnosis: Acute Mild Biliary Pancreatitis with Cholelithiasis with ?[] Additionally, evidence of nephrolithiasis can sometimes be seen as well as foreign bodies or the telltale pancreatic calcifications of chronic pancreatitis.[]

  • Pancreatic Ductal Stone

    […] duct or pancreatic calcifications.[] […] juice stagnation had induced pancreatic calcification, to be risk factors for extensive pancreatic stone formation in AIP [ 27 , 29 ].[] [Crossref] Choi EK, Lehman GA (2012) Update on endoscopic management of main pancreatic duct stones in chronic calcific pancreatitis. Korean J Intern Med 27: 20-29.[]

  • Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

    Differential diagnoses Disease Characteristics Notes Chronic pancreatitis Classic triad of pancreatic calcification, steatorrhea, and diabetes mellitus is observed in one-third[] Are pancreatic calcifications specific for the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis? A multidetector-row CT analysis. Clin Radiol. 2009; 64 :903–911. [ PubMed ] 70.[] A precontrast scan of the pancreas can be performed to look for calcifications within the pancreas, which may indicate the presence of a focal pancreatitis.[]

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