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80 Possible Causes for Pancreatic Head Enlarged

  • Autoimmune Pancreatitis

    […] of the extrahepatic bile duct due to the pancreatic enlarged head, and (C2) a narrowing of the intrapancreatic bile duct.[] Endoscopic ultrasound revealed the pancreatic head to be enlarged and surrounded by hypoechoic and lobulated lymph nodes.[] FIGURE 3 MR cholangiopancreatography revealing (A) intrahepatic bile duct strictures and (B) a narrowing of the main bile duct due to pancreatic head enlargement.[]

  • Cholestatic Jaundice

    Besides the enlargement of the head, the whole pancreatic parenchyma was altered. Therefore, autoimmune pancreatitis was considered.[] At laparotomy, an enlarged lymph node behind the head of the pancreas was found, causing compression and stenosis of the distal parts of the choledochus.[] A 60-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of a persistent fever with enlargement of multiple lymph nodes in the mediastinum and around the pancreatic head.[]

  • Duodenal Diverticulum

    In our report, there was probable pancreatic disease characterized by hyperamylasemia, and the pancreatic head was enlarged with a heterogeneous aspect.[] ., 3 the ampullary diverticulum is the possible cause of chronic pancreatitis, which would not occur with a periampullary diverticulum.[]

  • Chronic Pancreatitis

    The presence of pancreatic head enlargement may suggest cancer or an inflammatory mass. Figure 16-2.[] Pancreatoduodenectomy is indicated for the treatment of chronic pancreatitis with pancreatic head enlargement.[] In patients with an enlarged pancreatic head, 58% preferred initial surgery (PPPD) versus 42% initial endoscopy.[]

  • Pancreatic Abscess

    Pancreatic head was thick and enlarged with normal body and tail.[] […] or segmental, irregular enlargement of the head of the pancreas has also been reported. [6 ] There are only isolated case reports of tubercular pancreatic abscess, [7 – 9[] Computerised tomography (CT) of abdomen revealed diffuse enlargement of pancreatic head with hypodense mass lesion of about 10 x 8 cm. in diameter extending from left infra-hepatic[]

  • Pancreatitis

    Pancreatoduodenectomy is indicated for the treatment of chronic pancreatitis with pancreatic head enlargement.[] On CT a pancreatic head enlargement with no necrosis was seen, as well as bilateral pleural effusion and massive ascites (ascitic fluid amylase was 6644 mg/dl, 3280 cells[] C 2, 11, 40 – 42 Pancreatoduodenectomy (Whipple procedure, pylorus-preserving, duodenum-preserving) is indicated in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis with pancreatic head[]

  • Ampulla of Vater Obstruction Syndrome

    Abdominal CT scan showing enlargement of the pancreatic head (arrows).[] A second abdominal ultrasound was unremarkable, while contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed mild enlargement of the pancreatic head and stranding of[] Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma - at the head of the pancreas, this cancer typically causes "Courvoisier GB", a non-diseased enlarged GB.[]

  • Pancreatic Atrophy

    These operations may be considered in patients with enlargement of the pancreatic head as well as a dilated pancreatic duct.[] CT Diameter of the main pancreatic duct is greater than 5 mm in the head and 2 mm in the tail Most sensitive for demonstrating pancreatic calcifications Focal enlargement[] Any portion of the pancreas can be involved, but involvement of the pancreatic head is more common (15, 22).[]

  • Recurrent Acute Pancreatitis

    Patients with LPSP often have an evenly enlarged (“sausage-like”) pancreas, while those with EP will usually have enlargement of only the pancreatic head or tail [ 4 ].[]

  • Uncinate Seizure

    Abdominal ultrasound revealed enlargement of the head of the pancreas and a mass in the pancreatic uncinate process compressing the pancreatic duct and biliary tract.[]

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