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224 Possible Causes for Papilledema, Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome

  • Spinal Pachymeningitis

    Clinical features include headache, cranial nerve impairment, paraparesis or tetraparesis, ataxia, hydrocephalus, papilledema, hemorrhage or secondary vascular occlusions[path.upmc.edu] Idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis masquerading as Tolosa-Hunt syndrome. J Clin Neurosci 2005 ; 12 : 589 –92 Charcot JM, Joffroy A.[ajnr.org] Her left optic disk was atrophic and there was papilledema on the right eye.[scielo.br]

  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

    Patients with cavernous sinus thrombosis may also have anisocoria or mydriasis (3rd cranial nerve dysfunction), papilledema, and vision loss.[merckmanuals.com] Kline, The Tolosa-Hunt syndrome, Survey of Ophthalmology, 27, 2, (79), (1982). M. J. A. J. M. Hoes, G. W. Bruyn and G. J.[doi.org] Patients with severe papilledema may develop permanent vision deficits without treatment. Importantly, head CT is normal in up to 30% of cases.[shmabstracts.com]

  • Abducens Nerve Palsy

    MRI is indicated for any brainstem findings to exclude pontine glioma in children (most have papilledema and nystagmus without other cranial nerve involvement) and in adults[emedicine.com] […] suggestive of multiple sclerosis, and Tolosa-Hunt syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] * Kearns-Sayre syndrome * Cavernous sinus thrombosis * Wildervanck\'s syndrome * Tolosa-Hunt syndrome * Intracranial space-occupying lesion * Thiamine (Vitamin B1) deficiency[checkorphan.org]

  • Pulsating Exophthalmos

    […] was apparent on exam Figure 3 : Papilledema and palor of the optic disc are observed on this photo of the disc in the patient's left eye.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu] Proptosis can also occur in the Tolosa-Hunt syndrome and in Wegener's granulomatosis.[patient.info] Dural arteriovenous malformations and papilledema. Neurosurgery 1988; 22 : 1079–1084.[nature.com]

  • Meningitis

    Less frequent presentations of CNS tuberculosis include atypical febrile seizures in children, isolated cranial nerve palsies, bilateral papilledema, and acute confusional[emedicine.medscape.com] […] lymphocyte infiltration and inflammatory cells are classified, according to their topography, into idiopathic orbital pathology, idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis, Tolosa-Hunt[neurologia.com] Hypopituitarism and diabetes insipidus with localized hypertrophic pachymeningitis (Tolosa-Hunt syndrome) associated with Hashimoto thyroiditis.[springermedizin.de]

  • Cavernous Sinus Aneurysm

    […] will not have progressive damage to their eyesight if they receive adequate medical care to treat the underlying cause of the papilledema.[connection.ebscohost.com] Tolosa-Hunt syndrome with reversible dissection aneurysm. Neurol Sci. 2010. 31: 777-9 Commentary ON THE TOLOSA?HUNT SYNDROME, CHIMERAS, AND DIAGNOSES Charles D.[surgicalneurologyint.com] Other symptoms include eyelid erythema, autonomic dysfunction, sensory changes in the ophthalmic and maxillary trigeminal nerve distributions, pupillary abnormalities, and papilledema[emdocs.net]

  • Congenital Abducens Nerve Palsy

    MRI is indicated for any brainstem findings to exclude pontine glioma in children (most have papilledema and nystagmus without other cranial nerve involvement) and in adults[emedicine.medscape.com] The TolosaHunt syndrome.[medtextfree.wordpress.com] Vllth nerve palsy, facial analgesia, loss of taste from anterior two thirds of tongue; peripheral deafness ; Horner's syndrome, contralateral hemiparesis Subarachnoid space Papilledema[guwsmedical.info]

  • Painful Ophthalmoplegia

    However, during his hospitalization he developed involvement of cranial nerves II, III, V, VI and VII, papilledema, pyramidal tract signs and severe psychiatric disturbances[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] the cavernous sinus or superior orbital fissure Painful ophthalmoplegia Tolosa Hunt syndrome edit English tolosa-hunt syndrome Human disease Tolosa-Hunt syndrome Tolosa-Hunt[wikidata.org] Ocular emergencies 25.8.1 papilledema 391 this is based on operator s preference. This system relies on its severity. Biffl wl, moore fa, moore ee, ray ce jr, et al.[smj.org.sa]

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    […] which an anterior intracranial mass directly compresses the ipsilateral optic nerve, causing atrophy, and increases intracranial pressure, which results in contralateral papilledema[cmaj.ca] […] aneurysms Tolosa-Hunt syndrome ( idiopathic granulomatous inflammation of the cavernous sinus ) Clinical features Swelling of the conjunctiva Proptosis Signs of CN palsy[amboss.com] Orbital apex syndrome Cavernous sinus syndrome Etiology Cavernous sinus thrombosis (e.g., due to sinusitis ) Carotid-cavernous fistula Cavernous sinus tumors Carotid artery[amboss.com]

  • Temporal Arteritis

    Hinzpeter EN, Naumann G: Ischemic papilledema in giant-cell arteritis. Arch Ophthalmol 1976;94:624–628.[doi.org] hunt syndrome Orbital and cavernous sinus compressive lesions Migraine headache Lyme disease Herpes zoster ophthalmicus Trigeminal neuralgia Diabetes Poorly Controlled hypertension[physio-pedia.com] […] vascular stenosis [10] Differential Diagnosis Central retinal artery occlusion Acute glaucoma Uveitic glaucoma Retrobulbar optic neuritis Orbital abscess Ophthalmic migraine Tolosa[physio-pedia.com]

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