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789 Possible Causes for Parasite, Pica

  • Hookworm Infection

    The soil-transmitted parasite can infect humans who ingest the organism’s eggs or its larvae can penetrate skin.[] Some patients may have pica and ingest dirt, which puts them at further risk for infection and Wakana syndrome, characterized by and pharyngeal itching, hoarseness, nausea[] There may be constipation or diarrhea with occult blood in the stools or frank melena, especially in children; there is often an urge to eat soil or pica.[]

  • Helminthiasis

    Parasitic worm infections are a major public health issue in many tropical and subtropical low-income communities.[] Behavioral aberrations such as nail biting, finger sucking, and pica have been postulated as risk factors that enhance helminths ova transmission.[] Finger-sucking and pica are known risk factors for helminthic infestation [ 26 ]. These habits enhance transmission of STHs through the faeco-oral route.[]

  • Visceral Larva Migrans

    Remnants of parasites (eight Toxocara sp., two Capillaria sp.) were identified in the tissue in 10 patients.[] Patients with pica should be screened for parasitism and other diseases transmitted orally.[] Visceral larva migrans is a syndrome characteristically involving children with a history of pica, and usually presents with fever, abdominal pain, tender hepatomegaly, and[]

  • Ascariasis

    Ascariasis is one of the most common human intestinal parasitic infections , caused by the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides.[] Mode of transmission  Transmitted by ingestion of eggs of Toxocara species in contaminated food or soil  Children with the habit of pica are at high risk 32.[] In 1966, the 'Parasitic Disease Prevention Act' was promulgated and 'the Korean Association for Parasite Eradication (KAPE)' established in Korea.[]

  • Ocular Larva Migrans

    Histopathological examination of affected tissues and demonstration of parasite larvae is the gold standard test for the diagnosis of OLM.[] […] uveitis chorioretinitis Epidemiology [ edit ] In contrast to visceral larva migrans, ocular toxocariasis usually develops in older children or young adults with no history of pica[] […] endophthalmitis uveitis chorioretinitis Epidemiology In contrast to visceral larva migrans, ocular toxocariasis usually develops in older children or young adults with no history of pica[]

  • Eosinophilic Meningoencephalitis

    Identification of parasites in fluids and tissues is rarely possible, while images and clinical examinations do not lead to a definitive diagnosis.[] Ingestion of B. procyonis eggs by young humans with pica or geophagia leads to hatching of the eggs in the gut.[] Furthermore Toxocara provides a unique model system to explore questions in parasite biology.[]

  • Baylisascariasis

    The parasite is carried by raccoons, which shed eggs of the parasite in their feces.[] Epidemiologic study of human cases of neural larva migrans demonstrate that contact with raccoon feces or an environment contaminated by infective eggs and geophagia or pica[] Of the infections documented, most patients have been males under 2 years of age or known to have a developmental disability or pica. 1 Given the widespread geographic distribution[]

  • Pulmonary Larva Migrans

    Humans are not often infected by Ascaris suum , due to the host specificity of this parasite for pigs.[] Human are infected mainly by the accidental ingestion of embryonated eggs due to the pica, geophagia, the consumption of contaminated raw vegetables and poor personal hygiene[] This review focuses on common and some uncommon causes of pulmonary parasitic eosinophilia and their manifestations, diagnosis, and management.[]

  • Trichuris Vulpis

    Stools from 28 of the 82 inhabitants on remote Little Andaman Island in India were examined for parasite eggs and cysts.[] […] have their own whipworm, Trichuris trichuria, but people are also infrequently infected with the canine whipworm, Trichuris vulpis (most commonly children or those with pica[] These parasites were identified as T. vulpis, the whipworm of dogs.[]

  • Exchange Transfusion

    There may be a small effect of ET on parasite clearance under quinine treatment.[] A 34-year-old Latina woman with a long history of pica (eating glazed pottery) gave birth to a healthy-appearing girl at 40 weeks of gestation.[] The parasite load (asexual parasites per microlitre) was calculated from these figures using the actual WBC and RBC counts.[]

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