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29 Possible Causes for Paravertebral Muscle Spasm, X-Ray Abnormal

  • Osteoporosis

    muscle spasms exacerbated by activity and decreased by lying supine Patients often remain motionless in bed because of fear of causing an exacerbation of pain Acute pain[emedicine.medscape.com] The most popular method of measuring BMD is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.[en.wikipedia.org] […] lumbar spine The pain is described variably as sharp, nagging, or dull; movement may exacerbate pain; in some cases, pain radiates to the abdomen Pain is often accompanied by paravertebral[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Vertebral Compression Fracture

    Dynamic, or flexion/extension X-rays (X-rays that show the spine in motion) may be obtained to see if there is any abnormal or excessive movement or instability in the spine[columbianeurosurgery.org] Spinal dislocation or slippage (also known as spondylolisthesis), kyphosis , scoliosis , as well as local and overall spine balance can be assessed with X-rays.[columbiaspine.org] Special flexion and extension x-rays may be taken to detect any abnormal movement.[mayfieldclinic.com]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    […] the gold standard (ie, MRI and PET individually detected abnormalities in 90% of patients who had abnormal findings on X-ray) and both modalities detected a higher total[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This can be done with: X-rays MRI scan CT scan Positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan (PET/CT scan) Your doctor may order tests of your body fluids and tissues[cancer.uvahealth.com] This consists of x-rays of many different parts of the skeleton.[orthoinfo.aaos.org]

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis

    Diagnosis requires showing sacroiliitis on x-ray.[merckmanuals.com] Further clues to the diagnosis are suggested by X-ray abnormalities of the spine and the presence of the genetic marker HLA-B27 identified by a blood test.[medicinenet.com] The earliest x-ray abnormalities are pseudowidening caused by subchondral erosions, followed by sclerosis or later narrowing and eventually fusion in the sacroiliac joints[merckmanuals.com]

  • Spinal Tuberculosis

    Physical examination of the spine reveals localised tenderness and paravertebral muscle spasm.[rxpgonline.com] If you are at high risk for re-activation — for instance, you have HIV, your primary infection was in the last 2 years, your chest X-ray is abnormal, or you are immunocompromised[webmd.com] Non-contiguous infection is as high as 16% and a full length MRI scout is recommended.8 If not possible, full spine X-rays should be employed.[scielo.org.za]

  • Lumbar Disk Herniation

    Imaging studies may include the following: Plain X-rays (and even computerized axial tomography , CAT scans) cannot depict a prolapsed disc and can only identify bony abnormalities[emedicinehealth.com] Plain film X-rays can indicate "wear and tear" (degeneration) of the spine. They do not, however, demonstrate the status of discs.[medicinenet.com] These X-rays are best used to evaluate back pain that is from causes other than a prolapsed disc, such as bony displacement, tumor , or broken bone .[emedicinehealth.com]

  • Spondylolisthesis

    Tenderness and spasms of the paravertebral muscles may be present at the level of the vertebral defect and surrounding segments.[veterans.gc.ca] Dynamic, or flexion/extension X-rays (X-rays that show the spine in motion) may be obtained to see if there is any abnormal or excessive movement or instability in the spine[columbiaspine.org] Diagnosis The diagnosis of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis is dependent on seeing the abnormality on either: X-rays, a CAT scan, or an MRI scan.[umm.edu]

  • Spinous Process Fracture

    Dynamic, or flexion/extension X-rays (X-rays that show the spine in motion) may be obtained to see if there is any abnormal or excessive movement or instability in the spine[columbiaspine.org] Specific bony abnormalities such as bone spurs, disc space narrowing, vertebral body fracture, collapse or erosion can also be identified on plain film X-rays.[columbiaspine.org] Spinal dislocation or slippage (also known as spondylolisthesis), kyphosis, scoliosis, as well as local and overall spine balance can be assessed with X-rays.[columbiaspine.org]

  • Stage IV Prostate Carcinoma

    M0 means that the spread of cancer cannot be found by physical exam or x-rays but is presumed present due to abnormal PSA blood tests.[roswellpark.org]

  • Spinal Stenosis

    An x-ray may be done to check for abnormalities in the vertebrae, such as osteoarthritis, bone spurs, and narrowing of the spinal canal.[upmc.com] These tests help make a diagnosis: X-rays of your lumbar spine.[cedars-sinai.edu] During the physical exam your healthcare provider will look for signs of spinal stenosis, such as loss of sensation, weakness, and abnormal reflexes.[cedars-sinai.edu]

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