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43 Possible Causes for Paravertebral Muscle Spasm, X-Ray Abnormal

  • Osteoporosis

    muscle spasms exacerbated by activity and decreased by lying supine Patients often remain motionless in bed because of fear of causing an exacerbation of pain Acute pain[emedicine.medscape.com] If the VFA results reveal suspected abnormalities, plain x-rays should be done to confirm the diagnosis.[merckmanuals.com] Bone densitometry is a safe, painless x-ray technique that compares your bone density to the peak bone density that someone of your same sex and ethnicity should have reached[orthoinfo.aaos.org]

  • Spinal Tuberculosis

    Physical examination of the spine reveals localised tenderness and paravertebral muscle spasm.[rxpgonline.com] If you are at high risk for re-activation — for instance, you have HIV, your primary infection was in the last 2 years, your chest X-ray is abnormal, or you are immunocompromised[webmd.com] Non-contiguous infection is as high as 16% and a full length MRI scout is recommended.8 If not possible, full spine X-rays should be employed.[scielo.org.za]

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis

    Diagnosis requires showing sacroiliitis on x-ray.[merckmanuals.com] Further clues to the diagnosis are suggested by X-ray abnormalities of the spine and the presence of the genetic marker HLA-B27 identified by a blood test.[medicinenet.com] The earliest x-ray abnormalities are pseudowidening caused by subchondral erosions, followed by sclerosis or later narrowing and eventually fusion in the sacroiliac joints[merckmanuals.com]

  • Vertebral Compression Fracture

    Dynamic, or flexion/extension X-rays (X-rays that show the spine in motion) may be obtained to see if there is any abnormal or excessive movement or instability in the spine[columbianeurosurgery.org] Special flexion and extension x-rays may be taken to detect any abnormal movement.[mayfieldclinic.com] Specific bony abnormalities such as bone spurs, disc space narrowing, vertebral body fracture, collapse or erosion can also be identified on plain film X-rays.[columbianeurosurgery.org]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    […] the gold standard (ie, MRI and PET individually detected abnormalities in 90% of patients who had abnormal findings on X-ray) and both modalities detected a higher total[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This can be done with: X-rays MRI scan CT scan Positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan (PET/CT scan) Your doctor may order tests of your body fluids and tissues[cancer.uvahealth.com] This consists of x-rays of many different parts of the skeleton.[orthoinfo.aaos.org]

  • Vertebral Osteomyelitis due to Salmonella

    There was tenderness on palpation along the lumbar spine posteriorly, associated with paravertebral muscle spasms. There were no neurological finding.[jstage.jst.go.jp] X-ray of the lumbar spine was negative for any bony erosion or soft tissue abnormality.[ijcasereportsandimages.com] In terms of imaging modalities, the initial X-ray of thoracic/lumbar spine can help establish the presence of any abnormalities in the bone and soft tissue.[ijcasereportsandimages.com]

  • Spondylolisthesis

    Tenderness and spasms of the paravertebral muscles may be present at the level of the vertebral defect and surrounding segments.[veterans.gc.ca] Dynamic, or flexion/extension X-rays (X-rays that show the spine in motion) may be obtained to see if there is any abnormal or excessive movement or instability in the spine[columbiaspine.org] Diagnosis The diagnosis of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis is dependent on seeing the abnormality on either: X-rays, a CAT scan, or an MRI scan.[umm.edu]

  • Lumbar Compression Fracture

    […] relaxants may be helpful in the management of painful paravertebral muscle spasms.[bmb.oxfordjournals.org] Dynamic, or flexion/extension X-rays (X-rays that show the spine in motion) may be obtained to see if there is any abnormal or excessive movement or instability in the spine[columbianeurosurgery.org] Special flexion and extension x-rays may be taken to detect any abnormal movement.[mayfieldclinic.com]

  • Vertebral Osteomyelitis

    Vertebral osteomyelitis causes localized back pain and tenderness with paravertebral muscle spasm that is unresponsive to conservative treatment.[merckmanuals.com] Dynamic, or flexion/extension X-rays (X-rays that show the spine in motion) may be obtained to see if there is any abnormal or excessive movement or instability in the spine[columbiaspine.org] Plain X-ray is not as sensitive as MRI, especially in early osteomyelitis. It may be useful to look for anatomic abnormalities (e.g., fractures) or foreign bodies.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Lumbar Disk Herniation

    Muscle Spasm- Muscle spasm is often reflex spasm of paravertebral muscles secondary to irritation or pinch of spinal nerve mostly within inter-vertebral foramina.[epainassist.com] Imaging studies may include the following: Plain X-rays (and even computerized axial tomography , CAT scans) cannot depict a prolapsed disc and can only identify bony abnormalities[emedicinehealth.com] The "stiffness" is usually the result of spasm or tightness of the powerful muscles ( "Paraspinal/Paravertebral Muscles" ) that lie along both sides of the back of the Spinal[neurosurgerydallas.com]

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