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15 Possible Causes for Paroxysmal Activity - Sharp-Waves, Reduced Consciousness

  • Epilepsy

    […] background, diffusemultifocal sharp waves and sharp waves-slow waves; paroxysmal fast activity Neurological examination mild diffuse hypotonia, mild ataxia with wide based[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] discharges, diffuse (poly)spikes not available slow background, diffuse slow spike-wave discharges, sharp waves-slow waves; (poly)spike waves; paroxysmal fast activity slow[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] hypsarrhythmia Course of EEG slow background, slow generalized spike-wave discharges and multifocal (poly)spikes slow background, left temporal slowing, slow generalized spike-wave[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Encephalitis

    Clinical features included reduced consciousness, fever/hypothermia, headaches, seizures, and focal neurology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Some children can develop more severe symptoms over hours, days, or even weeks, including: reduced level of consciousness, hallucinations, movement/speech difficulties, behavioural[edendoratrust.org]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    […] level of consciousness.[doi.org] […] can look quite similar to CJD, with early lethargy and behavioural change followed by a ‘hung-up’ type of myoclonus, seizures, cognitive impairment, later motor signs and reduced[doi.org]

  • Vascular Dementia

    , i.e. reduced clarity of awareness of the environment, with reduced ability to focus, sustain, or shift attention.[indianjpsychiatry.org] The ICD 10 diagnostic criteria for Delirium is given below ICD 10 CRITERIA FOR DELIRIUM, NOT INDUCED BY ALCOHOL AND OTHER PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES Clouding of consciousness[indianjpsychiatry.org]

  • Panic Attacks

    For example, activating catastrophic misinterpretations increases anxiety and panic; panic attacks can be reduced as a result of cognitively challenging these misinterpretations[crystalinks.com] Focal paroxysms of sharp wave activity appeared on both patients' EEGs coincident with the spontaneous onset of panic attack symptoms. Both patients remained conscious.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] to anxiety such as palpitations and sweating, are interpreted as indicating something seriously wrong such as a heart-attack, and this interpretation can be done either consciously[crystalinks.com]

  • Encephalopathy

    Clinical features included reduced consciousness, fever/hypothermia, headaches, seizures, and focal neurology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and paroxysmal bursts of sharp and slow waves, these drugs increase epileptiform activity in known epileptic patients, clozapine increase bilateral spike waves discharges[slideshare.net] In the most severe form of hepatic encephalopathy, affected individuals may develop marked confusion or disorientation, amnesia, greatly dulled or reduced consciousness (stupor[rarediseases.org]

  • Benign Familial Infantile Epilepsy Type 4

    After a prolonged unilateral clonic seizure with left-sided postictal paresis at 2 years of age, he experienced an encephalopathic state with reduced consciousness lasting[karger.com] The EEG examination showed diffuse abnormal background activity, with sporadic isolated bilateral sharp waves over the occipital regions (a).[onlinelibrary.wiley.com] […] and sporadic isolated bilateral sharp waves over the occipital regions (Fig. 4a).[onlinelibrary.wiley.com]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    […] brain is temporarily reduced, can mimic epilepsy.[stlukes-stl.com] Alvarez and Lombroso reported hypnagogic paroxysmal spike wave activity (minimal epileptiform features, sharp waves embedded into hyperventilation , or hypnagogic hypersynchrony[euroformhealthcare.biz] Ruling Out Other Conditions Conditions that may cause symptoms similar to epilepsy include: Syncope (fainting), a brief lapse of consciousness, in which blood flow to the[stlukes-stl.com]

  • Abdominal Migraine

    Benzodiazepines - A category of potentially addictive tranquilizers that may increase depression at the same time that they reduce anxiety.[healingwell.com] sharp wave activity, that abdominal migraine appears to be a specific form of childhood migraine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These include vertigo (spinning sensations), loss of balance, and sometimes, loss of consciousness as well as prominent nausea and vomiting.[healingwell.com]

  • Citrullinemia

    Single-photon emission computed tomography of his brain showed reduced bilateral temporal lobar blood flow.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and focal paroxysmal volleys of slow and sharp waves ( 1Hz) over the left hemisphere.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Even if the serum citrulline level is within the normal range, citrullinemia should be considered in adult patients without primary liver dysfunction who show episodic consciousness[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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