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21 Possible Causes for Paroxysmal Activity - Spike-and-Slow-Wave Generalized

  • Epilepsy

    spike waves, multifocal discharges, generalized paroxysmal fast activity, diffuse slowing slow background, generalized spike waves MRI normal normal vermis hypoplasia, cisterna[] waves-slow waves; (poly)spike waves; paroxysmal fast activity slow background, diffusemultifocal sharp waves and sharp waves-slow waves; paroxysmal fast activity Neurological[] spike waves, PPR irregular generalized spike waves, PPR not specified generalized slow spike waves and runs of fast spikes not specified generalized (poly)spike waves, slow[]

  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    The term idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is used to designate a group of epileptic conditions with a genetic etiology. Patients with IGE have otherwise normal development, don't present with any structural brain damage and usually have a family history of epilepsy. Clinical manifestations of IGE depend on its[…][]

  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    An organic brain syndrome ( OBS ), also known as an organic brain disease/disorder ( OBD ), an organic mental syndrome ( OMS ), or an organic mental disorder ( OMD ), is a syndrome or disorder of mental function whose cause is alleged to be known as organic ( physiologic ) rather than purely of the mind. These[…][]

  • Encephalopathy

    Encephalopathy (; from Ancient Greek: ἐνκέφαλος "brain" πάθος "suffering") means any disorder or disease of the brain, especially chronic degenerative conditions. In modern usage, encephalopathy does not refer to a single disease, but rather to a syndrome of overall brain dysfunction; this syndrome can have[…][]

  • Neonatal Seizures

    Herein we report a case of a male infant with hyperekplexia. He was born after an uneventful pregnancy to healthy unrelated parents. At 2 days, he began to have frequent episodes of apnea accompanied with generalized tonic posture. Phenobarbital had been prescribed for the suspicion of neonatal seizures.[…][]

  • Insulin Overdose

    To describe a case of acute hepatic steatosis due to excessive administration of glucose in the setting of massive insulin overdose, a complication which is rapidly and completely reversible if glucose infusion is rapidly tapered. Case report, clinical. Intensive care unit, university hospital. A single patient admitted to[…][]

  • Toxic Encephalopathy

    Toxic encephalopathy is a neurologic disorder caused by exposure to neurotoxic organic solvents such as toluene, following exposure to heavy metals such as manganese ; or exposure to extreme concentrations of any natural toxin such as cyanotoxins found in shellfish or freshwater cyanobacteria crusts. Toxic[…][]

  • Unverricht-Lundborg Syndrome

    ., mild ataxia) 4 Marked photosensitive, generalized spike‐and‐wave and polyspike‐and‐wave paroxysms in EEG ( Koskiniemi et al., 1974b ).[] The EEG background activity (BA) varies from normal to mildly slowed and remains stable over time ( Ferlazzo et al., 2007 ). 5 Signs of cortical and/or central atrophy in[]

  • Abdominal Epilepsy

    Paroxysmal pain Lethargy, confusion, fever Few minutes Paroxysmal spike-wave activity, frontal or generalized Anticonvulsivants Seizure free Case 3 Yingkun F 11 3 M Abdominal[] Episode 6–7 activity in L temporal area, burst of generalized irregularly intermixed spikes and slow waves Phenobarbital Lost to follow-up Case 2 Douglas EF et al. 10 6 M[] […] pain, vomiting Confusion, cyanosis, urinary incontinence, blindness Few minutes Scattered high voltage slow activity and high voltage sharp waves Phenytoin, phenobarbital[]

  • Febrile Convulsions

    Some authors don’t confine their definition of paroxysmal activity to spikes or spike waves and include phantom spike waves, high voltage slow waves burst and so on.[] Third the timing of EEG has to be taken into consideration as generally detection of epileptic discharges is unusual within the first postictal week and is also difficult[]

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