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184 Possible Causes for Paroxysmal Activity - Spikes Central, Urine Organic Acids Abnormal

  • West Syndrome

    Urine organic acids, amino acids and serum biotinidase are done. CT or MRI scan of the brain is done before the treatment is started.[epainassist.com] In majority of the cases, abnormalities are found. EEG is a vital test, which is done to find out hypsarrhythmia, as this is crucial to the diagnosis.[epainassist.com]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Between these bursts are inserted periods of variable duration without obvious paroxysmal discharges but with θ–wave activity of variable amplitude involving both central[neupsykey.com] […] regions subcontinuously. 23 Bilateral jerk may be time locked with a cortical spike.[neupsykey.com] Electrophysiologic Features The EEG shows bursts of more or less diffuse, more or less synchronous, rhythmic or arrhythmic discharges of diffuse slow spike-waves, often fluctuating[neupsykey.com]

    Missing: Urine Organic Acids Abnormal
  • Epilepsy

    Jerome Engel, Timothy A. Pedley, Jean Aicardi Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2008 - 3056 Seiten Written and edited by world-renowned authorities, this three-volume work is, to quote a reviewer, "the definitive textbook about seizures and epilepsy". This Second Edition is thoroughly updated and gives you a complete print[…][books.google.com]

    Missing: Urine Organic Acids Abnormal
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ‘Contrary to popular folk belief, nothing should be placed in the mouth during the seizure. Severe injury could occur.’ Generalized tonic clonic seizures (grand mal seizures) are the most common and best known type of generalized seizure. They begin with stiffening of the limbs (the tonic phase), followed by jerking[…][epilepsynw.org]

    Missing: Urine Organic Acids Abnormal
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is a common form of epilepsy mainly characterized by myoclonic jerks, but affected individuals may also experience generalized tonic-clonic seizures and absence seizures. Symptom onset typically occurs around puberty and although the disease persists into adulthood, patients do respond[…][symptoma.com]

    Missing: Urine Organic Acids Abnormal
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Tonic status epilepticus (TSE) in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is not well recognized. The objective of this study is to report episodes of TSE in patients with IGE. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and EEG evaluation of three IGE patients who presented TSE. The three patients had mainly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Urine Organic Acids Abnormal
  • Myoclonic-Astatic Epilepsy

    Abstract The EEG of 38 patients suffering from primary generalized myoclonic astatic epilepsy since early childhood is studied in late stages of the disease. Spectral analysis shows that parietal 4-7 cps rhythms (theta rhythms) which are typical of the EEG in the early stages of the disorder can still exist in the[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Urine Organic Acids Abnormal
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Urine Organic Acids Abnormal
  • Encephalopathy

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is an encephalopathy that can be clinically characterized by headache, altered mental status and/or seizures. Neuroimaging demonstrates usually reversible bilateral subcortical vasogenic occipital-parietal edema. Exact pathophysiology remains unclear but is commonly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Urine Organic Acids Abnormal
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study to evaluate the hippocampal, frontal and thalamic lobe functions in the early stage of the juvenile absence epilepsy (JAE) by magnetic resonance proton spectroscopy (MRS). METHOD: Fourteen patients with juvenile absence epilepsy with typical absence seizures and 10 healthy volunteer[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Urine Organic Acids Abnormal

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